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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexuality education in South Africa: Three essential questions

    Sex education is the cornerstone on which most HIV/AIDS prevention programmes rest and since the adoption of Outcomes-Based Education (OBE), has become a compulsory part of the South African school curriculum through the Life Orientation learning area. However, while much focus has been on providing young people with accurate and frank information about safe sex, this paper questions whether school based programmes sufficiently support the needs of young people. …

  2. HIV prevention for South African youth: which interventions work? A systematic review of current evidence

    South Africa's HIV prevalence among 15-24 year olds is one of the highest in the world. This systematic review looks at the evidence for youth HIV prevention in the country since 2000 and critically assesses interventions across four domains: study design and outcomes; intervention design; thematic focus and HIV causal pathways; and intervention delivery. Eight interventions were included in the review, all similar regarding content and objectives, but with variouis thematic foci, causal pathways, theoretical bases, delivery methods, intensity and duration. …

  3. The Social Conditions for Successful Peer Education: A Comparison of Two HIV Prevention Programs Run by Sex Workers in India and South Africa

    Peer education is increasingly being used to combat the spread of HIV and AIDS. However, results are inconsistent. This study systematically compares the context and implementation of two peer educational approaches among sex workers in India and South Africa, which had contrasting outcomes, to identify factors leading to success or failure. The Indian intervention's success was enabled by: a stable, supportive social, material and political context; and an ethos of community development which committed resources to sex worker empowerment, ownership and involvement. …

  4. Evaluation of an HIV/AIDS peer education programme in a South African workplace

    This paper describes an evaluation of a workplace HIV/AIDS peer-educational program. A cross-sectional study of 900 employees was conducted in 2001 across three areas in South Africa and measured the impact of a peer-education program on knowledge, attitudes towards people living with HIV/AIDS, perceptions of risk and condom use. Peer-education had no impact on any outcome. Some 59% of subjects had good knowledge, 62% positive attitude towards people living with HIV/AIDS, 34% reported frequently using condoms, 73% perceived themselves at low risk for infection. …

  5. Correlates of HIV knowledge and testing: Results of a 2003 South African Survey

    This research study investigated the correlation between HIV knowledge and testing. The researchers' hypothesis was that there would be significant relationships between knowledge of HIV transmission and getting tested for HIV, educational level, and gender, as well as testing and gender and knowing someone who has HIV or has died of AIDS. The study design used a convenience sample and was conducted in South Africa. 429 volunteers filled out the Carey and Shroeder Brief HIV Knowledge Questionnaire. Results indicate that as education level increased, knowledge of HIV did also. …

  6. As simple as ABC? How rural ABET Centres respond to HIV/AIDS

    This article investigates the ways in which two rural Adult Basic Education and Training (ABET) Centres in the Limpopo Province address the challenges of HIV/AIDS. Theories of social capital are used to explain the different responses of the Centres. The communities surrounding both Centres face similar structural problems of poverty, unemployment, migrancy, gender inequality, poor health and low levels of education. In one Centre, educators and learners denied that HIV/AIDS was a serious issue. …

  7. Tackling HIV/AIDS: Mass-media and international conferences. Soul City, Going to scale across borders: the Choose Life project

    Soul City, a multi-media health project in South Africa has been effective in imparting much needed information on health and development, and in changing attitudes and behaviour as well. Soul City works primarily within South Africa but the TV programme has been shown in a number of African countries as well. In the last two years Soul City has worked on a sponsored education booklet called Choose Life, aimed at 12-16 year olds in Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland and Namibia. 1,331,000 copies of the booklet will be printed and distributed in the four countries in seven different languages. …

  8. Transmitir el mensaje: los medios de comunicación y la respuesta al SIDA

    Ejemplos de la utilización de los medios de comunicación como herramienta educativa para la prevención del VIH en Sudáfrica. Se describen los casos de Soul City (telenovela, radionovela y folletos); El programa Beat It del Community Health Media Trust (serie televisiva); Takalani Sesame (radio y televisión, una adaptación del programa infantil Plaza Sésamo). Este informe termina haciendo un repaso de las enseñanzas que pueden extraerse de la experiencia y que podrían ayudar a aquéllos que quieran trabajar con los medios de comunicación en el campo del VIH y el SIDA.

  9. Toward multi-sectoral responses to HIV/AIDS: implications for Education for Rural People (ERP). Ministerial seminar on education for rural people in Africa: policy lessons, options and priorities

    The education sector, very large cadre of government employees, faces impacts of HIV/AIDS both on supply and demand sides. On the supply side, HIV/AIDS affects education because of the loss of trained teachers and the reduced productivity of relevant personnel (teachers, administrators, management, etc.) through illness, caring for infected family members, and participation in funerals. …

  10. Talking about sexually transmitted infections

    This booklet was produced by Soul City, a multi-media health and development programme, aimed at the youth and young adults in South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland. It addresses the issue of sexually transmitted infections: what it is, signs of STIs, how they are spread and how to protect yourself and the people you love from STIs. It also explains the importance of getting treated when you have an STI. …

  11. Changing times, changing attitudes: alternative portrayals of men and women

    Cet ouvrage présente des extraits des émissions de programmes de radio relatifs à l'équité entre les sexes à destination des programmes d'éducation non formelle. Les thèmes abordés sont le VIH & sida, la violence familiale, l'exploitation des jeunes bonnes, le mariage des enfants et la répartition inégale des travaux ménagers. Le Projet spécial pour les femmes et les filles en Afrique UNESCO-DANIDA organise et soutient une série d'ateliers pour la production de programmes radio et de matériel de lecture. …

  12. The Trap

    "Sara" is a very popular children's educational comic strip. The charismatic heroine of the series is an adolescent girl living in urban Africa. Like many girls of her age, she faces insurmountable socio-cultural and economic obstacles in her desire to attain her goals in life. Consisting of seven volumes, the stories aimed at young female and male adolescents from 12 to 18 years of age in or outside school can also be used at secondary school level. In this booklet titled: 'The trap,' the Sara character is seen as a communication tool on the issue on sexual exploitation of children. …

  13. Stop TB because you can

    This education booklet is produced by Soul City under the multi-media health and development programme and is aimed at 12-18 year olds in South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland. It addresses the HIV and AIDS and Tuberculosis pandemic in sub-saharan Africa by positively informing adolescents about sexual behaviours in order to reduce the incidence of teenage pregnancy, HIV and other STD's. It deals with a range of issues that affect and has an impact on sexual decisions and choices that young people make. …

  14. Living Positively with HIV and AIDS

    This education booklet is produced by Soul City under the multimedia health and development programme and is aimed at 12-18 year old young people in South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland. It addresses the HIV and AIDS pandemic in sub-saharan Africa by positively informing adolescents about sexual behaviours in order to reduce teenage pregnancy, HIV and other STD's. It deals with a range of issues that affect and has impact on sexual decisions and choices that young people make. …

  15. Choices

    "Sara" is a very popular children's educational comic strip. Sara, the charismatic heroine of the series is an adolescent girl living in urban Africa. Like many girls of her age, she faces insurmountable socio-cultural and economic obstacles in her desire to attain her goals in life. Consisting of seven volumes, the stories are aimed at young female adolescents between the ages of 12-18 years in or outside school. The series can also be used at secondary school level. In this booklet entitled: 'Choices', the main character is seen as a communication tool for teenage pregnancy prevention. …

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