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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Nutrition assessment, counselling and support for adolescents and adults living with HIV: A programming guide

    This programming guide prepared by the World Food Programme (WFP), the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) provides practitioners with useful information for planning and implementing food and nutrition support as part of a comprehensive treatment, care and support programme for adults and adolescents living with HIV. It serves as a resource for governments, UN organizations, donors, civil society, and other organizations providing support to countries.

  2. Very young children affected and infected by HIV/AIDS: How are they living? A case study from Namibia

    This paper describes a recent study conducted jointly by the authors in the Khomas Region of Namibia. The study developed and trialled research and documentation methods regarding very young children who had been infected or affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Because of the stigma attached to the disease, effective methods for assessing ‘real’ needs of the target population have been elusive in Namibia and elsewhere. …

  3. Kenyan National Guidelines on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS

    People infected with HIV are at greater risk of malnutrition than those who are not infected. HIV and opportunistic infections interfere with the desire and ability to eat thus reducing dietary intake; causing mal-absorption of nutrients; increasing energy demand thus increasing nutrient requirements; and causing abnormal use of protein. Limited food security and inadequate knowledge of good nutrition in regions of Kenya where HIV is prevalent, makes the situation worse. …

  4. Social protection and cash transfers to strengthen families affected by HIV and AIDS

    Based on a review of over 300 documents, this monograph examines how social protection can be used to protect children and families affected by HIV and AIDS. It reviews evidence on the impacts of 10 unconditional cash transfer (UCT) programs in southern and East Africa and 10 conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs in Latin America. …

  5. Coffee, Popcorn, Soup, and HIV

    Chronic food insecurity and achieving strict adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) are global challenges that, together, have a deleterious effect on children living with HIV. In Ethiopia, where the child malnutrition rate is one of the highest in the world, side effects of treatment threaten to reduce adherence to drug regimens and contribute to the development of drug-resistant strains of HIV. …

  6. PMTCT (Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission) Participant Manual

    The Fiji, Vanuatu, Kiribati and Solomon Islands PMTCT Training Package is based largely on the 2007 update of the PMTCT Generic Training Package (GTP) that was developed under the direction of the World Health Organization and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for adaptation by countries and regions across the globe. This PMTCT Training Package is expected to play a key role in accelerating the scale up of PMTCT services in the Pacific region through training of healthcare workers to implement appropriate, quality services for PMTCT.

  7. Food crisis, household welfare and HIV/AIDS treatment: evidence from Mozambique

    Using panel data from Mozambique collected in 2007 and 2008, the authors explore the impact of the food crisis on the welfare of households living with HIV/AIDS. The analysis finds that there has been a real deterioration of welfare in terms of income, food consumption, and nutritional status in Mozambique between 2007 and 2008, among both HIV and comparison households. However, HIV households have not suffered more from the crisis than others. …

  8. Alimentação e nutrição para pessoas que vivem com HIV e Aids

    Esta Cartilha foi elaborada pelo Programa Nacional de DST e Aids e Coordenação Geral de Alimentação e Nutrição do Ministério da Saúde, a partir de vários documentos de referência e contou a colaboração de profissionais da área de Nutrição e HIV/Aids de serviços e redes de apoio do país. …

  9. Cuba's HIV/AIDS strategy: an integrated rights-based approach

    This paper discusses the Cuban approach to HIV, which like the nation's public health system, is founded on the principal that health is a human right. In practice, this translates into a continuum of care through universal access to primary, secondary, and tertiary health services, government commitment to equalizing and improving social determinants, and scientific research and development aimed at advancing population health. Constitutional rights, including job and housing guarantees and anti-discrimination laws, also play a role. …

  10. Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2008-09

    The 2008-09 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) is a nationally representative sample survey of 8,444 women age 15 to 49 and 3,465 men age 15 to 54 selected from 400 sample points (clusters) throughout Kenya. It is designed to provide data to monitor the population and health situation in Kenya as a follow-up to the 1989, 1993, 1998, and 2003 KDHS surveys. The survey utilised a two-stage sample based on the 1999 Population and Housing Census and was designed to produce separate estimates for key indicators for each of the eight provinces in Kenya. …

  11. An In-Depth Analysis of HIV Prevalence in Ghana: Further Analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys Data

    This report presents findings from a further analysis study undertaken as part of the follow-up to the 2003 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS). ORC Macro provided technical assistance for the project. Funding was provided by the USAID. This report is part of the MEASURE DHS program, which is designed to collect, analyze, and disseminate data on fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, nutrition, and HIV/AIDS. …

  12. Namibia national plan of action for orphans and vulnerable children 2006-2010

    This Plan of Action supplements the National Policy by identifying concrete activities in support of these goals. It was developed through a collaborative process involving various stakeholders under the leadership of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare. It also takes into account the views of Namibian children, especially orphans and vulnerable children. …

  13. Kenya nutrition and HIV/AIDS strategy 2007 to 2010

    The Kenya National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan (KNASP) and the National Health Sector Strategic Plan II (NHSSP II) for 2005 2010 provide the framework for the country's response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The nutrition and HIV/AIDS agenda is driven by the three priority areas in the KNASP, but the main priority is improvement of the quality of life of people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS (Priority Area 2). The goal of nutritional interventions is to improve nutrition, health, quality of life and duration of survival of people infected with HIV. …

  14. HIV, growth, poverty and inequality in sub-Saharan Africa

    The downstream impacts of AIDS on individuals and households are well understood and documented. The economic impacts of AIDS are proportionately greater for poor. The economic impact at higher levels of aggregation (such as on the gross national income (GNI) is less well understood, being inferred from modelling work rather than empirical measurement, but is thought to be important in the long run, particularly in high prevalence countries, such as in southern Africa. Evidence of the upstream effects of poverty and social deprivation on HIV infection is rather mixed. …

  15. Strategic directions for improving the health and development of children and adolescents

    The document summarizes priority areas for WHO action based on global evidence. Improving the health and development of children and adolescents means that WHO will need to shape its implementation of the strategy to the epidemiological needs of specific regions and countries. The strategy document proposes a flexible, country-specific approach that reflects and respects differences in epidemiology. In addition, it outlines a strategic framework that is based on equity, the life course, and a public health approach. It defines principles to guide the implementation. …

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