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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Education status among orphans and non-orphans in communities affected by AIDS in Tanzania and Burkina Faso

    The AIDS pandemic has created an estimated 15 million orphans who may face elevated risk of poor health and social outcomes. This paper compares orphans and non-orphans regarding educational status and delay using data collected in three low-income communities affected by AIDS in Tanzania and Burkina Faso. Orphans were significantly more likely not to attend school than were non-orphans and also to be delayed when in school, though, after controlling for confounders, the risk was borderline and non-significant. …

  2. Final evaluation report of the BELONG Project in Zambia and Ethiopia

    In March 2005, Project Concern International began implementing the BELONG Project (Better Education and Life Opportunities for Vulnerable Children through Networking and Organizational Growth) in response to the growing number of OVC who lacked access to health and other support services essential to minimizing their vulnerability and addressing their developmental needs. The project was funded by PEPFAR through USAID and was planned with a life cycle of 5 years, ending on September 30, 2010. …

  3. But where are our moral heroes?: An analysis of South African press reporting on children affected by HIV/AIDS

    Messages conveyed both explicitly and implicitly in the media play an important role in the shaping of public understanding of issues, as well as associated policy, programme and popular responses to these issues. This paper applies discourse analysis to a series of articles on children affected by HIV/AIDS published in 2002/2003 in the English-medium South African press. …

  4. Making a Significant and Lasting Difference: The National Plan of Action for Orphans, Children Affected by HIV and Other Vulnerable Children in Cambodia, 2008 - 2010

    This National Plan of Action has been developed with broad input from government, civil society, including NGOs and children, and international development partners. It draws on the recommendations and lessons learned from the Situation and Response Assessment and the mapping of OVC impact mitigation services that were developed in the first half of 2007. …

  5. Mapping the Response: Protecting, Caring for and Supporting Orphans and vulnerable Children in Cambodia

    This mapping exercise was conducted because impact mitigation, and particularly support to orphans and vulnerable children (OVC), is seen as one of the "unfinished agendas" for the country and a top priority in the HIV and AIDS response. It has been conducted alongside a Situation and Response Assessment and estimate of the OVC population, so that together they can be used to analyse coverage and identify geographical and programmatic gaps and priority areas. …

  6. Orphans, Children Affected by HIV and Other Vulnerable Children in Cambodia: A Situation and Response Assessment, 2007

    This report was commissioned by the National Orphans and Vulnerable Children Multisectoral Task Force (NOVCTF) as a background study to inform the development of a Multisectoral National Plan of Action. The Task Force priorities for 2007 were to conduct a national assessment of responses to mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS on children and develop and implement a national plan to guide efforts to mitigate the impact of the HIV epidemic on children. …

  7. Orphanhood and the living arrangements of children in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Increasing adult mortality due to AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa raises considerable concerns about the welfare of surviving children. Studies have found substantial variability across countries in the negative impacts of orphanhood on child health and education. One hypothesis for this variability is the resilience of the extended family network in some countries to care for orphans - networks under increasing pressure by the sheer number of orphans in many settings. …

  8. HIV/AIDS, Stigma and Children: A literature review

    This research suggests that stigma and discrimination can exacerbate the material and psychological problems children already face in context of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. This paper reviews the literature on HIV/AIDS, children and stigma to interrogate the following questions: What is the evidence that HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination directly affects children, both materially and psychologically? How does HIV/AIDS-related stigma impact materially and psychologically, on adult caregivers and household structures supporting children affected by HIV/AIDS? …

  9. Preventing HIV with young people: the key to tackling the epidemic

    This report seeks to describe the current situation of the HIV epidemic, the key challenges faced by adolescents and young people, and the actions that UNICEF is taking to respond in each region.

  10. End project evaluation for GFATM community based drop-in-centre for street children project, implemented by PAVHNA in Karachi

    The National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) has registered 4047 cases of HIV and 455 cases of AIDS till December 2007. In Pakistan, the epidemic has been registered as concentrated with HIV prevalence among intravenous drug users above 5%. The overall objective of the component under evaluation of Round 2 GFATM (Global Fund for AIDS, Tubercolosis and Malaria) proposal was to improve knowledge of HIV transmission among street children of Karachi from baseline of 5% to 60% by 2006. …

  11. Framework for the protection, care and support of children affected by HIV/AIDS

    The Regional Strategic Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Children Affected by HIV/AIDS provides guidance to the eight member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) on a consistent approach across South Asia to the protection, care and support of children affected by HIV/AIDS. The regional framework promotes a universal approach to ensure children affected by HIV/AIDS have access to the same public and social support systems which are available to other children, rather than being separated or singled out. …

  12. Poverty, HIV and barriers to education: street children's experiences in Tanzania

    This article discusses the links between poverty, HIV/AIDS, and barriers to education, based on the first-hand experiences of 'street children' in northern Tanzania. Within the context of national levels of poverty, 'cost-sharing' in health and education sectors, and the AIDS epidemic, poor families in Tanzania are under considerable pressure, and increasing numbers of girls and boys are consequently seeking a living independently on the streets of towns and cities. …

  13. Caring for children affected by HIV and AIDS

    This Insight is intended to advance the discussion on the impact of HIV and AIDS on children in three key ways: by drawing attention to the situation of children orphaned by AIDS and the limitations of current responses for the realization of their rights; by reviewing the options for the care of these children, highlighting effective experiences and lessons learned from family and local approaches; and by identifying ways in which local, national and international actors can effectively fulfil their responsibilities to safeguard the human rights of children, with particular focus on children  …

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