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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The Government of Kenya’s Cash Transfer Program Reduces the Risk of Sexual Debut among Young People Age 15-25

    The aim of this study is to assess whether the Government of Kenya’s Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (Kenya CT-OVC) can reduce the risk of HIV among young people by postponing sexual debut. The program provides an unconditional transfer of US$20 per month directly to the main caregiver in the household. An evaluation of the program was implemented in 2007–2009 in seven districts. Fourteen Locations were randomly assigned to receive the program and fourteen were assigned to a control arm. A sample of households was enrolled in the evaluation in 2007. …

  2. HIV infection and sexual risk behaviour among youth who have experienced orphanhood: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Background: Previous research has suggested that orphaned children and adolescents might have elevated risk for HIV infection. We examined the state of evidence regarding the association between orphan status and HIV risk in studies of youth aged 24 years and younger. Methods: Using systematic review methodology, we identified 10 studies reporting data from 12 countries comparing orphaned and non-orphaned youth on HIV-related risk indicators, including HIV serostatus, other sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy and sexual behaviours. …

  3. The HIV challenge to education: a collection of essays

    The 10 essays in this volume look at the many and complex relationships between HIV/AIDS and education. It is clear that education in an AIDS-affected world cannot be the same as that in an AIDS-free world. It is imperative to adapt educational planning and management principles, curriculum-development goals, and the provision of education itself, in order to take into account this pandemic which affects the very fabric of society. …

  4. National HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2011/12 - 2015/16

    The National Strategic Plan has been developed to: Provide a strategic framework that will guide and inform the planning, coordination, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the national multisectoral and decentralised HIV and AIDS response based on the three-ones principle, evidence and results based management, gender and human rights approaches; Articulate national priorities, results and targets that all stakeholders and partners will contribute towards; Provide the basis for consolidating strategic partnerships and alliances especially with civil society organisations and the priva …

  5. Zambia sexual behaviour survey 2009

    The main objective of the ZSBS 2009 is to obtain national estimates of a number of key indicators (including international standardized indicators) important to monitoring progress of the national HIV/AIDS/STDs programme. The survey provides a rich set of indicators on HIV/AIDS/STI-related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Behaviour, as well as information on Orphans and Vulnerable Children, and assistance to households and communities affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. …

  6. Trends in the burden of orphans and vulnerable children in Zimbabwe: evidence from national household surveys, 1994-2006

    This study assesses trends in the prevalence and status of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) based on data from 2005-06, 1999, and 1994 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Surveys (ZDHS). The study examines four categories of OVC - orphans, fostered children, children in households with no adults age 18-59, and children in households with chronic illness or recent death due to chronic illness. …

  7. Population, development and HIV/AIDS with particular emphasis on poverty. The concise report

    The AIDS pandemic has gained momentum during the past quarter century, expanding to all regions of the world. AIDS affects both the rich and the poor, but the hardest-hit countries are among the poorest in the world. Unless more vigorous actions are undertaken to combat the disease and its effects, the HIV/AIDS epidemic portends a grim future for many countries, especially the poorest countries. The report concludes that the most effective approach to thwarting the HIV/AIDS epidemic is to implement a combination of strategies that reduce risks, diminish vulnerability and mitigate impact.

  8. Educational access and HIV prevention: Making the case for education as a health priority in sub-Saharan Africa

    There is much evidence showing an association between sexual behavior and both attendance and attainment. Experimental evidence that school attendance leads to safer sexual behavior is currently under review. Studies suggest several pathways through which sexual behavior, and consequently the risk of HIV infection, may be influenced by schooling. Students attending school have a smaller sexual network and a stronger motivation to avoid the consequences of unprotected sex - both pregnancy and HIV infection - than their out-of-school peers.

  9. Impact of HIV/AIDS on gender, orphans and vulnerable children. Discussion outcomes of CHGA Interactive Cameroon

    The meeting, which lasted one day and a half, was divided into three main sessions. In the first session, participants offered their views and experiences on available response strategies to the challenge of orphans and vulnerable children after listening to three presentations on the topic. In the second session, participants discussed the dynamics of HIV/AIDS and gender after hearing to three inputs by experts in the field. …

  10. Behavior Change Communication (BCC) for HIV/AIDS: a strategic framework

    This document outlines Family Health International's Behaviour Change Communication strategy for HIV/AIDS. It was developed for use by donors, partners, collaborators and potential collaborators.

  11. The national policy for women, the girl child and HIV/AIDS Cambodia

    As the epidemic grows there is need to improve services and promote the protection of women and girls. Therefore the Ministry of Women's and Veterans' Affairs places prevention, care, support and protection of women and the girl child on the agenda for policy makers and service providers through the National Policy on Women, Girls and HIV/AIDS.

  12. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Primary and Secondary Schooling in Malawi: developing a comprehensive strategic response

    Assesses the impact to date of HIV/AIDS on the provision of primary and secondary education in Malawi, providing background information on the schooling system, governement education policy and the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The study is set up to analyze the main areas that determine supply and demand of education. Projections are then made to analyze how the epidemic will impact the school system over the next 10 -15 years and recommends strategies and interventions to mitigate the impact on students and teachers.

  13. Nelson Mandela/HSRC Study of HIV/AIDS: South African National HIV Prevalence, Behavioural Risks and Mass Media. Household Survey 2002

    Accurate information on national prevalence, improved understanding of the sociocultural context in which the epidemic occurs, and the relative impact of interventions, are key to mounting an effective response to the epidemic. …

  14. National Policy on HIV/AIDS 2003

    This HIV/AIDS policy represents Nigeria's commitment and her determination to stem the tide of the epidemic and mitigate its impact on her citizens utilising most recently acquired knowledge, skills and a clear understanding of the epidemic. It is also hoped that this policy will serve as the catalyst for a more vigourous, organised and coordinated long-term and sustained reponse to the epidemic. …

  15. Democratic Republic of Congo National Program to Combat AIDS and STDs 1999-2001

    According to the United Nations Population Division, Democratic Republic of Congo's population in 1999 was 50,335,000. Adults, aged 15 to 49, the group most likely to engage in high-risk behavior for HIV infection, represented approximately 43 percent of the total population. The HIV prevalence rate among this group was estimated by UNAIDS to be 5.07 percent. …

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