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There is much evidence showing an association between sexual behavior and both attendance and attainment. Experimental evidence that school attendance leads to safer sexual behavior is currently under review. Studies suggest several pathways through which sexual behavior, and consequently the risk of HIV infection, may be influenced by schooling. Students attending school have a smaller sexual network and a stronger motivation to avoid the consequences of unprotected sex - both pregnancy and HIV infection - than their out-of-school peers.
Assesses the impact to date of HIV/AIDS on the provision of primary and secondary education in Malawi, providing background information on the schooling system, governement education policy and the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The study is set up to analyze the main areas that determine supply and demand of education. Projections are then made to analyze how the epidemic will impact the school system over the next 10 -15 years and recommends strategies and interventions to mitigate the impact on students and teachers.