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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Promoting and protecting the health of orphans and vulnerable children in Monkey Bay, Malawi

    Malawi has had a rising population of orphans and vulnerable children who are reported to lack care, food, educational opportunities and adult role models. Some of the coping strategies used by these children, such as early school dropout and child labour, combined with poor adult support, make them susceptible to risk of early onset of sex and to sexual and reproductive health problems, including HIV infection. …

  2. Crianças órfãs e vulneráveis no contexto do HIV/SIDA em Moçambique

    Este documento foi concebido pela UNICEF Moçambique e trata do problema das crianças órfãs e vulneráveis ao HIV/SIDA. O SIDA está a tornar-se rapidamente na maior causa de mortalidade infantil. Em 2006, estima-se que existam 99,000 crianças com menos de 15 anos de idade que vivem com HIV/SIDA, e aproximadamente 80 por cento destas têm menos de cinco anos. A pandemia do SIDA continua a contribuir para o aumento de crianças órfãs e vulneráveis. Estima-se que há para cima de 1,6 milhoes de órfaos em Moçambique e que mais de 20 por cento destes sao resultado do SIDA. …

  3. Progress in the national response to orphans and other vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. The OVC policy and planning effort index (OPPEI) 2007 round

    This report presents the results of the analysis of the orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) in sub-Saharan Africa and reviews progress made in effort since 2004. The OVC Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) was developed by UNICEF, USAID and the Futures Group to measure the response by countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to the crisis facing orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) as a result of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  4. Orphans and vulnerable children in high HIV-prevalence countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This study provides estimates of the size and distribution of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in eight sub-Saharan African countries with relatively high HIV prevalence (Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe), and assesses their situation over several dimensions including schooling and health care. The study uses data collected in recent nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) that included HIV testing of adult women and men. …

  5. Education and HIV/AIDS: a window of hope

    This paper reviews the current world situation with regard to HIV/AIDS and education, outlining the elements needed for a comprehensive strategy for action and detailing the World Bank's role within the overall education sector in the fight against the epidemic. …

  6. Le VIH/SIDA dans le secteur de l'éducation au Mali

    L'approche sectorielle de l'épidémie du VIH /SIDA a amené les acteurs du système éducatif dans différents pays à aborder la question de son incidence sur l'école. L'UNESCO dans le cadre de son programme régional en Afrique a développé de nombreuses interventions. Les jeunes, en particulier les filles et les jeunes femmes âgées de 15 à 24 ans sont les plus vulnérables à l'infection au VIH. Cette tranche d'âge est celle qui constitue également la population scolaire. Elle est en outre le groupe qui doit assurer la relève pour le développement des pays africains. …

  7. Enumerating children orphaned by HIV/AIDS: counting a human cost. A critique of statistical accounts of the HIV/AIDS orphan crisis.

    AFXB uses the figure of 100 million by 2010 as the most reliable projection for future AIDS orphans. Other published projections are considerably smaller than this, however the data inputted into such projections excludes many children, due to difficulties in quantification. Yet, these children will be in need of the same levels of support as those who have been included in statistical tables. …

  8. Children on the Brink 2002: A Joint Report on Orphan Estimates and Program Strategies

    Le rapport "les enfants au bord du gouffre 2002" comprends des statistiques sur les enfants rendus orphelins par le VIH/SIDA dans 88 pays, une analyse des tendances qui se dégagent de ces statistiques et des stratégies et principes visant à aider ces enfants. Troisième d'une série de rapport dont les premières éditions sont parues en 1997 et 2000, ce document porte sur une période allant de 1990 à 2010.

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