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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Facilitating HIV testing, care and treatment for orphans and vulnerable children aged five years and younger through community-based early childhood development playcenters in rural Zimbabwe

    Early diagnosis of children living with HIV is a prerequisite for accessing timely paediatric HIV care and treatment services and for optimizing treatment outcomes. Testing of HIV-exposed infants at 6 weeks and later is part of the national prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in Zimbabwe, but many opportunities to test infants and children are being missed. …

  2. Foundation for the future: meeting the psychosocial needs of children living with HIV in Africa

    This technical brief describes promising practices in critical services related to the psychological and social well-being of perinatally-infected children (aged 0 to 12 years) in Africa. These include the identification, testing, and counseling of children so that they are linked to appropriate support as early as possible, as well as the provision of ongoing PSS to help children and their families manage disclosure, stigma, and grief and bereavement processes. …

  3. Breaking barriers for orphans and vulnerable children in Kenya

    Breaking Barriers (BB) Project in Kenya was implemented by four partners supported by Plan. The project focus is support, prevention, treatment and care; education, food and nutritional support, school materials and encouragement for orphans and vulnerable children to complete basic education and facilitate access to income generating opportunities. …

  4. MDG-6 status for children and HIV in Rwanda: a rapid assessment

    In order to develop a comprehensive response to HIV/AIDS pandemic in women and children, Rwanda has benefited from generous international commitment of resources and technical assistance. More than halfway to the 2015 deadline to achieve the MDGs, an assessment of the progress towards achieving MDG 6 for children and HIV in Rwanda is needed to inform the acceleration of program implementation. An assessment tool was first of all developed around the "Four Ps". …

  5. Plan d'action sectoriel 2007-2010 de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA

    Ce document est une synthèse de l'analyse situationnelle du VIH/SIDA dans le secteur de l'éducation et de la proposition de plan sectoriel qui en découle pour la période 2007-2010. Il ambitionne de mettre à la disposition du Ministère de l'Education Nationale un outil fiable de mise en oeuvre des activités de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA. Sa réalisation s'inscrit dans le cadre national défini par le Ministère de lutte contre le SIDA (MLS) à travers le Plan Stratégique National 2006-2010 de lutte contre le SIDA. …

  6. Children and AIDS: fifth stocktaking report, 2010

    Advocacy and investment on behalf of children affected by AIDS have had an impact, and the goal of eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV appears within reach. But for every problem solved or advance made, new challenges and constraints have arisen. This Children and AIDS: Fifth Stocktaking Report examines current data, trends and the progress that's been made - pointing out disparities in access, coverage and outcomes - and calls for concrete actions to benefit the millions of children, women and families worldwide who bear the burden of the epidemic.

  7. Estimates of the Impact of HIV and teacher ART take-up on the Education Sector and the achievement of EFA in Kenya

    An analysis was carried out to indirectly estimate the imapct of HIV on the education sector in Kenyan provinces using the Ed-SIDA model which uses teacher demographic information and combines this with epidemiological projections to determine the number of teachers who are living with HIV, their AIDS absenteeism and associated mortality. The main results were that HIV prevalence among Kenyan teachers can be expected to be high, 15%, due to teachers belonging to vulnerable age groups. …

  8. The National Policy on HIV and AIDS for the education sector in Nigeria

    The content includes intervention strategies that will ensure: 1. The prevention of HIV transmission. 2. Access to care, treatment and support for PLWHA and People Affected By HIV and AIDS (PABA). 3. Access to education and socio-economic security for orphans and vulnerable children. 4. Elimination of stigma and discrimination against PLWHA and PABA. 5. Promotion and protection of the rights of PLWHA. 6. A definition of the roles and responsibilities of government, employers, workers, teachers, learners and all stakeholders within the sector

  9. The difference interventions for guardians can make: evaluation of the Kilifi orphans and vulnerable children project in Kenya

    In sub-Saharan Africa, an estimated 12 million children 17 years of age and younger have lost one or both parents to AIDS, and many more live with a chronically ill parent or guardian. Children affected by HIV and AIDS often face intensified poverty; inadequate food, shelter, and medical care; stigma and discrimination; mental distress; and other challenges. Despite recognition of the magnitude and negative consequences of these problems, there is a dearth of evidence as to what types of programs best improve the well-being of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). …

  10. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  11. Beyond the targets: ensuring children benefit from expanded access to HIV/AIDS treatment

    This report is designed for policy makers and program managers and is essentially an informative advocacy document. It draws together two agenda--expanding support for the millions of people needing access to treatment for HIV/AIDS and meeting the care and protection needs of millions of children affected by HIV/AIDS. It defines the opportunities that increased access to care and treatment will present, and recommends that community-based, nongovernmental, and governmental organizations take pre-emptive action in supporting children who do become orphaned. …

  12. Young children and HIV/AIDS: Mapping the field

    This paper offers a concise and comprehensive overview of the literature from a psychological perspective. It explores a range of issues in emotional, psychological, social and physical development, and their relation to broader issues including poverty, nutrition and human rights. It identifies gaps in knowledge and will help funders, policy makers and practitioners to locate their own work in the bigger picture.

  13. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Southern Africa's Children: Poverty of Planning and Planning Poverty

    The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Southern Africa's Children: Poverty of Planning and Planning Poverty

  14. Perinatal AIDS Mortality and Orphanhood in the Aftermath of the Successful Control of the HIV Epidemics: the case of Thailand

    This chapter based on an extensive overview of existing information, focuses on the priorities chosen by the Thai government in the field of prevention, treatment, mitigation and control of the HIV/AIDS problem on the welfare of children affected and infected by HIV/AIDS.

  15. National HIV/AIDS policy for the education sector

    The National HIV/AIDS Policy for the Education Sector formalises the rights and responsibilities of every person involved, directly or indirectly, in the education sector with regard to HIV and AIDS: the learners, their parents and care givers, educators, managers, administrators, support staff and civil society. This (policy) national strategy will provide a framework to implement and monitor and evaluate the impact of its HIV/AIDS interventions and the effects of HIV/AIDS on its labour force over time. …

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