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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV infection and sexual risk behaviour among youth who have experienced orphanhood: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Background: Previous research has suggested that orphaned children and adolescents might have elevated risk for HIV infection. We examined the state of evidence regarding the association between orphan status and HIV risk in studies of youth aged 24 years and younger. Methods: Using systematic review methodology, we identified 10 studies reporting data from 12 countries comparing orphaned and non-orphaned youth on HIV-related risk indicators, including HIV serostatus, other sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy and sexual behaviours. …

  2. Manual on Best Practices HIV/AIDS Programming with Children and Young People (version 8.4.2005)

    What are Best Practices? What criteria can be used to define a Best Practice and how can Best Practices be used? How can we promote the use of Best Practices by program staff in the field? These are some of the questions that this manual seeks to answer in relation to HIV/AIDS interventions and programs with children and youth. In order to strengthen the member organisations' use of the Best Practice approach both as a tool and as a process, the two networks entered into a joint venture in 2003. …

  3. Rapid Assessment and Response on HIV/AIDS Among Especially Vulnerable Young People in Albania

    The overall purpose of the rapid assessment and response (RAR) is to improve health of vulnerable young people (10-24 years, in particular drug users, sex workers and mobile population), reduce vulnerability and strengthen prevention, through targeted interventions that will aim to minimise the impact of HIV/AIDS. …

  4. Looking after HIV: considering the needs of HIV positive looked after children

    This publication considers the issue of HIV in relation to looked after children. It reflects the widespread research that has highlighted the particular vulnerabilities often experienced by looked after young people concerning their health and well-being; and considers how this relates to managing risk and HIV infection, as well as the care and support needs of those children and young people already diagnosed HIV positive. …

  5. Adolescents: orphaned and vulnerable in the time of HIV/AIDS

    This paper first introduces the key issues regarding orphaned and vulnerable adolescents in the time of HIV/AIDS, including the developmental needs specific to adolescents. The second chapter summarizes the limited studies and programs working primarily with adolescents orphaned due to AIDS. Following are four case studies that demonstrate different strategies for working with adolescent orphans and other youth vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, reflecting different cultural and programmatic approaches relevant to Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe. …

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