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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Primary Education in Bukoba Rural and Kinondoni Districts of Tanzania

    This study presents the impact of HIV/AIDS on primary education system in Tanzania. The impact is examined in relation to the supply of and demand for education with emphasis on the context, input, process and product of primary education in Tanzania.

  2. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education in Namibia

    The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education in Namibia has been published to provide empirical information on the impact of this epidemic on the education sector in Namibia to all those who find it relevant. …

  3. School-centred HIV and AIDS care and support in Southern Africa: technical consultation report 22-24 May 2007, Gaborone, Botswana

    This report provides a synthesis of discussions held at a UNESCO technical consultation on school-centred care and support in Southern Africa, held from 22 to 24 May 2007 in Gaborone, Botswana. The event brought together representatives from ministries of education, international and local NGOs and UNAIDS cosponsors. The report highlights a set of principles and the key elements needed to provide integrated care and support services for vulnerable children in schools.

  4. SADC HIV/AIDS in Education Strategic Framework

    In June 1999 the SADC Human Resources Development (HRD) Ministers directed the Sector to initiate the development of a regional strategy to complement member States efforts in the fight against the scourge within the education and training sector. Since then, a number of activities have been undertaken which have culminated in the development of a Framework for Regional Action. First of all, a Task Force consisting of Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland and Zimbabwe was established which initiated the process of developing an education and training sector programme on HIV/AIDS. …

  5. Responding to the education needs of children and adolescents affected by AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Report on Town Hall Meeting, October 23, 2001

    On October 23, 2001, more than 100 people gathered at Peace Corps headquarters in Washington, D.C., for the third in a series of Town Hall Meetings to address the needs of orphans and vulnerable children in developing countries. The meeting focused on the challenge of educating children and adolescents affected by AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. By bringing together participants from a wide range of groups, including from both the education and health sectors, organizers hoped to stimulate a useful exchange of information. …

  6. Report on Country Preparedness in Dealing with HIV/AIDS in the Education and Training Sector among SADC Member States

    The SADC Regional Strategic Framework affirms a three pronged approach to combating the HIV/AIDS pandemic in the Southern Africa Region: It will be possible to move forward nationally and regionally if there is - in each country, and within SADC itself- a foundation for action which includes the following building blocks: - Dual approach: strategies to counterattack the pandemic in education that take account of both (1) how to help prevent the further spread of the disease by using resources available to the education sectcor, and (2) how to reduce the consequences of the pandemic on the educ …

  7. Reasons for non-attendance of orphans, children from disjointed families who live with both parents: Evidence from questionnaires and children's drawings

    The paper uses a combination of questionnaire data and children's drawings to explore the reasons contributing to temporary and permanent absence from school of orphans, children from disjointed families and children who live with both parents. Particular attention is paid to differences between these three groups of children and between girls and boys. It is shown that the most important reasons for absenteeism are closely related to poverty, and that poverty is not necessarily related to orphanhood. …

  8. Protecting the rights of young children affected and infected by HIV/AIDS in Africa: updating strategies and reinforcing existing networks

    The international workshop "Protecting the rights of young children affected and infected by HIV/AIDS in Africa: Updating strategies and reinforcing existing networks" took place in UNESCO Headquarters co-organized by UNESCO and the Early Childhood Development Network for Africa (ECDNA) bringing together representatives of early childhood development NGOs, institutions and UN organizations working in Africa on issues of young children and HIV/AIDS, to identify strategies, lines of action and innovative approaches to respond to the needs of young children faced by the HIV/AIDS pandemic.

  9. Orphans' Household Circumstances and Access to Education in a Maturing HIV Epidemic in Eastern Zimbabwe

    Levels of orphanhood and patterns of different forms (i.e.: double, paternal and maternal) of orphanhood will change as an HIV epidemic progresses. The implications of different forms of orphanhood for children's development will also change as the cumulative impact of a period of sustained high morbidity and mortality takes its toll on the adult population. In this article, we describe patterns of orphanhood and orphans' educational experience in populations in eastern Zimbabwe subject to a major HIV epidemic which is maturing into its endemic phase. …

  10. Orphanhood and the long-run impact on children

    This paper presents unique evidence that orphanhood matters in the long-run for health and education outcomes, in a region of Northwestern Tanzania, an area deeply affected by HIV-AIDS in Africa. We use a sample of non-orphans surveyed in 1991-94, who were traced and reinterviewed in 2004. A large proportion, 23 percent, lost one or more parents before the age of 15 in this period, allowing us to identify the impact of orphanhood shocks. Since a substantial proportion reaches adulthood by 2004, we can also assess permanent health and education impacts of orphanhood. …

  11. Operational guidelines for supporting early child development (ECD) in multi-sectoral HIV/AIDS programs in Africa

    This document provides guidance for incorporating activities directed at infants and young children into HIV/AIDS programs in Africa. Effective, broad-scale interventions to assure the healthy physical, emotional, and cognitive development of young children are desperately needed in Sub-Saharan Africa and must be an essential component of any well-designed, integrated program to prevent and reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS in Africa. These guidelines are meant to be a ""work in progress"" and will be updated continually based on comments, new data and user experience.

  12. National policy on HIV/AIDS for the education sector

    Namibia has been independent for more than ten years, and the nature of the struggle facing our country has changed. The fight is no longer for freedom from political domination, but against HIV/AIDS.HIV/AIDS is a continuing, critical public health issue. It is now the leading cause of death in Namibia, Africa and the fourth common cause of death worldwide. The HIV/AIDS crisis continues to expand in numbers and extent, without immediate medical solutions in view. HIV/AIDS is not only a health issue, it has socio-economic implications too. …

  13. National HIV/AIDS policy for the education sector

    The National HIV/AIDS Policy for the Education Sector formalises the rights and responsibilities of every person involved, directly or indirectly, in the education sector with regard to HIV and AIDS: the learners, their parents and care givers, educators, managers, administrators, support staff and civil society. This (policy) national strategy will provide a framework to implement and monitor and evaluate the impact of its HIV/AIDS interventions and the effects of HIV/AIDS on its labour force over time. …

  14. Managing educational quality in an AIDS environment: development of a district-level database

    Maintaining and enhancing educational quality in the context of the HIV and AIDS epidemic is particularly difficult because the virus is infecting increasing numbers of teaching and administrative staff in the education sector. The epidemic is also affecting pupils. Many have lost one or both parents, leading to financial strains and erratic attendance. In this context, it is important to track on a regular basis factors affecting educational quality during the school year in order to take corrective and preventive measures. …

  15. Letting them fail: Government neglect and the right to education for children affected by AIDS

    Governments in sub-Saharan Africa have failed to address the extraordinary barriers to education faced by children who are orphaned or otherwise affected by HIV/AIDS. An estimated 43 million school-age children do not attend school in the region. HIV/AIDS has caused unprecedented rates of adult mortality, leaving millions of children without parental care to ensure their access to education. …

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