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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. AIDS orphans and vulnerable children in India: Problems, prospects and concerns

    This article reviews and discusses the problems, responses, and concerns of orphans and vulnerable children in India. The article shows that HIV/AIDS programs and interventions are vital for survival and welfare of orphan and vulnerable children, but they have reached only to a small fraction of the most vulnerable children. …

  2. Orphans, children affected by HIV/AIDS and other vulnerable children in Lao PDR

    This assessment explores: available data on key groups of vulnerable children; key issues facing these groups of children; existing options of care and protection for vulnerable children; knowledge and attitudes of children, adults and local authorities regarding different systems of care and protection; existing policy and legislation. The final section of this report presents recommendations on how to take forward the process of developing national policy and plans of action.

  3. Barriers to services for children with HIV positive parents. National overview of study on Barriers to services for children with HIV positive parents, Andhra Pradesh Karnataka, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Tamilnadu

    According to the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) India has 5.2 million HIV-positive people and an HIV-prevalence of 0.9 percent of adults - about the same as the global average, or the sero-prevalence in North America, Eastern Europe and Central Asia. India's epidemic is concentrated in some 200 districts, most of them in six of the country's 28 states - namely Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland and Tamil Nadu - where HIV-prevalence is more than one percent. There are also limited data on the number of children infected with HIV in India. …

  4. Families and children affected by HIV/AIDS and other vulnerable children in Papua New Guinea: a national situation analysis

    This study provides an overview of the situation of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS, and of other vulnerable children. Its purpose is to assist the Government, civil society organisations and development partners in the development of policies and programmes for on-going support, and in the monitoring of community-based assistance to families and children affected by HIV/AIDS. The study is a joint project of the Department for Community Development and the National AIDS Council, supported by civil society organisations and UNICEF.

  5. Gender equality, HIV, and AIDS: a challenge for the education sector

    The book shows that while gender inequalities in society generally, and particularly within the education sector, are driving aspects of the HIV epidemic, educational settings can be empowering and bring about change. It examines different expectations of what HIV education programmes and education settings can do to transform unequal gender relations and protect young people against HIV and AIDS and contribute to care for those affected and infected. …

  6. The impact of an adult child's death due to AIDS on older-aged parent: results from a direct interview survey

    The report describes the methodology and findings of a direct interview survey in Thailand of parents of deceased adult children who died of AIDS and a comparison group of older age parents who had not suffered such a loss. The results provide extensive information on living arrangements; parental care giving; health impacts; spouses and orphaned children; care, treatment and funeral expense; longer term economic impacts; and community reaction.

  7. The social and economic impact of HIV/AIDS on families with adolescents and children in Cambodia

    Cambodia is among the countries most severely affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia. In 2003, an estimated 123,100 adults in Cambodia were living with HIV/AIDS and 60,000 children were affected by HIV/AIDS. In responding to the epidemic, donors, policymakers, and program planners have had little country-specific information regarding the impact of HIV/AIDS and the effectiveness of interventions, impeding their ability to make decisions regarding resource allocation and program design. …

  8. The increasing vulnerability of children in Nepal: an assessment of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS and the response at family, community, district and national level.

    This assessment is one of UNICEF's contributions to His Majesty's Government of Nepal's National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS (2002-2006) and actions to meet its commitments from the UN General Assembly Special Sessions on HIV/AIDS (June 2001) on Children (May 2002) and the Millenium Development Goals and targets.The overall aim of the national assessment is to provide substance for the development of a national strategy and action plan on children and families affected by HIV/AIDS under the National Strategic Plan 2002-2006. …

  9. Perinatal AIDS Mortality and Orphanhood in the Aftermath of the Successful Control of the HIV Epidemics: the case of Thailand

    This chapter based on an extensive overview of existing information, focuses on the priorities chosen by the Thai government in the field of prevention, treatment, mitigation and control of the HIV/AIDS problem on the welfare of children affected and infected by HIV/AIDS.

  10. Intersecting Risks: HIV/AIDS and Child Labour

    This paper analyses the mutally reinforcing factors that, as a result of HIV infection among adults, contribute to child labour and may place child workers at risk of HIV infection themselves. In some instances, these contextual factors run parallel; in others, they intersect, thereby putting working children at greater risk of HIV infection or of suffering the consequences of infection.

  11. Adolescents: orphaned and vulnerable in the time of HIV/AIDS

    This paper first introduces the key issues regarding orphaned and vulnerable adolescents in the time of HIV/AIDS, including the developmental needs specific to adolescents. The second chapter summarizes the limited studies and programs working primarily with adolescents orphaned due to AIDS. Following are four case studies that demonstrate different strategies for working with adolescent orphans and other youth vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, reflecting different cultural and programmatic approaches relevant to Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe. …

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