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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Facilitating HIV testing, care and treatment for orphans and vulnerable children aged five years and younger through community-based early childhood development playcenters in rural Zimbabwe

    Early diagnosis of children living with HIV is a prerequisite for accessing timely paediatric HIV care and treatment services and for optimizing treatment outcomes. Testing of HIV-exposed infants at 6 weeks and later is part of the national prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in Zimbabwe, but many opportunities to test infants and children are being missed. …

  2. HIV infection and sexual risk behaviour among youth who have experienced orphanhood: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Background: Previous research has suggested that orphaned children and adolescents might have elevated risk for HIV infection. We examined the state of evidence regarding the association between orphan status and HIV risk in studies of youth aged 24 years and younger. Methods: Using systematic review methodology, we identified 10 studies reporting data from 12 countries comparing orphaned and non-orphaned youth on HIV-related risk indicators, including HIV serostatus, other sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy and sexual behaviours. …

  3. Zimbabwe national strategic plan for the education of girls, orphans and other vulnerable children 2005-2010

    Guided by the overall principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Zimbabwean education act, the national policy on gender, the Orphan Care Policy and National Plan of Action for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children, the proposed five year National Girls' Education strategic plan aims to accelerate Zimbabwe's progress towards UPE in the context of gender and other social asymmetries in accessing education. …

  4. Innovations in education: the role of the education sector in combating HIV/AIDS

    From 2002-2005 Africare implemented the Community Based Care, Protection and Empowerment (COPE) for Children Affected by AIDS (CABA) project in Mutasa District of Zimbabwe. The goal of the project was to encourage shared responsibility for orphans and vulnerable children by increasing community capacity to respond to the needs of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). …

  5. Establishing, reviewing and implementing national plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in Southern and East Africa: lessons learnt and challenges

    This report focuses on the experiences of Save the Children in monitoring, implementing and reviewing NPAs in Angola, Ethiopia, South Africa, Swaziland, Mozambique, Uganda and Zimbabwe. Each of the country offices commissioned the documentation of case studies to identify promising practices and challenges around effective implementation of NPAs. This report consolidates these case studies and aims to draw lessons learnt from the various efforts undertaken by the country offices. …

  6. Our children, our future. Zimbabwean good practices responding to the needs of orphans and vulnerable children: the "Zvandiri" Programme, Africaid and The Kapnek Trust Early Childhood Development Centres

    This document represents part of a SAfAIDS project implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Labour and Social Services (MoLSS), which documents Good Practices in OVC programming in Zimbabwe. The goal of the project is to scale-up information generation and dissemination and thereby encourage the replication of Good Practices in the care and support of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Zimbabwe. …

  7. Zimbabwe's Child-Friendly National Action Plan for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children: Adding Value by Facilitating Child Participation

    Children have the right to participate in the implementation of national policies for children, and their participation adds value to the policy implementation process. As a result, enabling and enhancing child participation in national policies is an important aim of communication for development. However, a significant challenge to facilitating child participation in policy implementation is how to communicate policy details to children of varying capacities. …

  8. Trends in the burden of orphans and vulnerable children in Zimbabwe: evidence from national household surveys, 1994-2006

    This study assesses trends in the prevalence and status of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) based on data from 2005-06, 1999, and 1994 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Surveys (ZDHS). The study examines four categories of OVC - orphans, fostered children, children in households with no adults age 18-59, and children in households with chronic illness or recent death due to chronic illness. …

  9. Situational analysis of orphaned and vulnerable children in eight Zimbabwean districts

    In response to the AIDS epidemic and poverty, the Zimbabwean government and other organisations are implementing various programmes aimed at assisting orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in the eight districts surveyed. It is clearly important to have an audit of the social services and support structures available for OVC in the eight districts and to have a clear understanding of the situation of OVC including their needs and concerns in order to have proper prioritisation, designing and evaluation of programmes that are aimed at supporting the affected children.

  10. Progress in the national response to orphans and other vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. The OVC policy and planning effort index (OPPEI) 2007 round

    This report presents the results of the analysis of the orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) in sub-Saharan Africa and reviews progress made in effort since 2004. The OVC Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) was developed by UNICEF, USAID and the Futures Group to measure the response by countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to the crisis facing orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) as a result of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  11. The demand for education for orphans in Zimbabwe

    We examine the effect of orphan status on school enrolment in Zimbabwe, a country strongly impacted by the HIV/AIDS pandemic with a rapidly growing population of orphans. Using data from 2003, after controlling for other determinants of enrolment we find that orphans are less likely to attend school than non-orphans. The result is robust to our correction for selection bias. …

  12. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  13. Opening windows to a brighter world: a better future for girls and boys orphaned through AIDS

    In October, 1999, UNESCO hosted a Round Table discussion on the plight of children whose parents have died from AIDS. This brought together representatives from some of the hardest hit countries, as well as NGOs in the field. The Round Table provided a platform for dialogue and exchange. The problems faced by the orphans were discussed, and experiences shared. Recommendations and strategies for intervention were proposed.The two-day discussion revealed the difficulties faced by individuals, communities and organizations, and pointed out the efforts needed. …

  14. National plan of action for orphans and other vulnerable children Zimbabwe

    The NPA for OVC was developed with the participation of children as key stakeholders at the National Stakeholders' Conference in June 2003. …

  15. Investing in Our Future: Psychosocial Support for Children Affected by HIV/AIDS. A Case Study in Zimbabwe and the United Republic of Tanzania

    As the number of HIV/AIDS orphans continues to grow, programs are being established to ensure proper health and schooling for these children. This document takes the support into the psychosocial realm and explores ways in which effective interventions have been developed and implemented to help orphans and affected youth develop a strong self-image and to strengthen self-esteem. The case studies show NGOs and organizations that work and are at work in the United Republic of Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

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