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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. U.S. Government and partners: working together on a comprehensive coordinated and effective response to highly vulnerable children. Third annual report to Congress on Public Law 109-95, the Assistance for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Developing Countries Act of 2005

    Public Law 109-95, the Assistance for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Developing Countries Act of 2005 was signed into law four years ago to respond to the global orphans and vulnerable children crisis. It calls for the U.S. …

  2. Niñas, niños y adolescentes afectados y huérfanos por VIH/sida en el área metropolitana de Buenos Aires

    Estudio detallado de la situación de niñas, niños y adolescentes viviendo con VIH en la ciudad de Buenos Aires.áVías de contagio, año en que se contagiaron, acceso a servicios de salud, estado de salud a la fecha, acceso a la educación y situación familiar. El documento informa de hallazgos y áentrega recomendaciones para evitar más contagios (la principal vía de contagio de este grupo resultó ser transmisión madre-hijo), promoción de acceso a los servicios de salud, integración social, acceso a la educación e ingreso a instituciones especializadas (esto como último recurso).

  3. Barriers to services for children with HIV positive parents. National overview of study on Barriers to services for children with HIV positive parents, Andhra Pradesh Karnataka, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Tamilnadu

    According to the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) India has 5.2 million HIV-positive people and an HIV-prevalence of 0.9 percent of adults - about the same as the global average, or the sero-prevalence in North America, Eastern Europe and Central Asia. India's epidemic is concentrated in some 200 districts, most of them in six of the country's 28 states - namely Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland and Tamil Nadu - where HIV-prevalence is more than one percent. There are also limited data on the number of children infected with HIV in India. …

  4. Families and children affected by HIV/AIDS and other vulnerable children in Papua New Guinea: a national situation analysis

    This study provides an overview of the situation of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS, and of other vulnerable children. Its purpose is to assist the Government, civil society organisations and development partners in the development of policies and programmes for on-going support, and in the monitoring of community-based assistance to families and children affected by HIV/AIDS. The study is a joint project of the Department for Community Development and the National AIDS Council, supported by civil society organisations and UNICEF.

  5. An assessment: the situation of children made vulnerable or orphaned in Guyana

    The social and economic factors contributing to children of Guyana becoming orphaned or made vulnerable have been cause for major concern. Increasingly, children suffer in various ways; some from abuse, others are exposed to various forms of violence, neglected or abandoned, and also have to face the challenge of them or their parents dealing with life threatening diseases such as cancer and HIV. …

  6. Consensus statement. Asking the right questions: advancing an HIV research agenda for women and children

    Substantial progress has been made in expanding access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) for adults and children living with HIV and preventing vertical transmission. However, the scale-up of ART programmes has also drawn attention to a number of knowledge gaps related to clinical management and ART programme delivery for women and children. …

  7. National plan of action for orphans and vulnerable children 2006-2010

    This National Plan of Action (NPA) for Orphans and Vulnerable Children is linked to the National Multisectoral HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan 2006-2008 and the National HIV and AIDS Policy. It arises out of a recognised need for practical steps and widespread cooperation to ensure the rights of all children are fully met in Swaziland. This Plan, therefore, outlines clear actions to be taken, necessary to promote the survival, growth, well being, development and protection of OVC. …

  8. The impact of HIV and AIDS on education: education for orphans and vulnerable children in Zambia

    In Zambia, many children have lost one or both parents to HIV and AIDS, leaving them with the responsibility of caring for younger siblings and with little money for school necessities, such as uniforms and books. Oxfam GB is working in partnership with communities and local organisations, including the Zambia Education and Development Advocacy Organisation (ZEDAO), Children In Distress (CINDI) and YWCA Mongu to achieve high quality education for all, giving future generations the chance to lift their communities out of poverty.

  9. Huérfanos y otros niños vulnerables a causa del VIH/SIDA: Principios y directrices para la elaboración de programas

    Guía de la Federación Internacional de Sociedades de la Cruz Roja y de la Media Luna Roja para la elaboración de programas relacionados con VIH/SIDA para huérfanos y niños vulnerables, con un enfoque basado en la Convención de Derechos del Niño y la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos. Las directrices se dirigen principalmente a los responsables de programas de asistencia a domicilio y de lucha contra el VIH/SIDA de las filiales, así como a los voluntarios y trabajadores sobre el terreno. …

  10. Promoting quality education for orphans and vulnerable children. A sourcebook of programme experiences in Eastern and Southern Africa

    The Sourcebook documents 12 cases in 6 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa - Kenya, Rwanda, Swaziland, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, and Zambia - that represent a wide range of approaches designed to address the educational rights and needs of orphans and vulnerable children. The single unifying feature of all of the cases was each intervention's goal of assisting children to exercise their right to education as guaranteed in article 28 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

  11. Schools as Centres of Care and Support (SCCS): Responding to the Needs of Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Rural Areas

    Southern Africa's rural and impoverished communities are some of the hardest hit by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. Large numbers of vulnerable children in these AIDS-affected communities struggle to access resources and services they desperately need and are entitled to. Despite this, most children still attend school, making schools an obvious avenue through which to address the multiplicity of needs of vulnerable children. The case study presented here describes an innovative and effective programme built on the principles of a multi-sectoral approach to HIV and AIDS. …

  12. Coordination for vulnerable children: Alliance Zambia's efforts to strengthen government and community OVC systems

    Alliance Zambia's experience implementing a programme to strengthen community support systems for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) has highlighted coordination within government, and partnership between government and civil society, as essential building blocks for effective OVC support.

  13. Children and vulnerability in Tanzania: a brief synthesis

    Ensuring social protection for vulnerable people is a goal of MKUKUTA (the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty) in Tanzania, and children are commonly considered to be among the most vulnerable. REPOA has been involved in analytic work on the vulnerability of children, in part to provide evidence for Government's efforts to develop a national framework for social protection. This special paper synthesises the analysis and draws some conclusions based on this and closely related work.

  14. SAWAKA Jali Watoto program supporting most-vulnerable children, Tanzania

    In an attempt to fill the knowledge gaps on the impact of care and support strategies for orphans and vulnerable children, MEASURE Evaluation is conducting targeted evaluations of five OVC programs in five unique settings, two in Kenya and three in Tanzania. The Jali Watoto program by Pact through SAWATA (Saidia Wazee Tanzania) Karagwe was selected as one of the five programs for the evaluation. The program addresses the needs of most vulnerable children by targeting, mobilizing and sensitizing communities to support most-vulnerable children (MVC) and their families. …

  15. Orphanhood and the living arrangements of children in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Increasing adult mortality due to AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa raises considerable concerns about the welfare of surviving children. Studies have found substantial variability across countries in the negative impacts of orphanhood on child health and education. One hypothesis for this variability is the resilience of the extended family network in some countries to care for orphans - networks under increasing pressure by the sheer number of orphans in many settings. …

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