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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Adolescent and youth sexual and reproductive health-evidence-based interventions in Kenya

    In 2011, the Division of Reproductive Health (DRH) in collaboration with FHI 360 undertook a review of adolescent and youth reproductive health programs in the country that included a desk review, mapping of youth serving organizations (YSOs), and interviews with stakeholders from the YSOs and development partners. …

  2. Teenage, married and out of school. Effects of early marriage and childbirth on school dropout

    In this paper, we tackle the question of causality between early marriage and school dropout, using data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from nine Southern and Eastern African countries. By comparing school participation patterns of girls who were married before or during the school year in question to those were never married, we are able to establish a sequence of events and therefore, a more solid foundation for treating marriage as a cause of school dropout. In short, the first research question for this paper is as follows: Research Question 1. …

  3. Delaying sexual debut amongst out-of-school youth in rural southwest Uganda

    This paper focuses on sexual debut among out-of-school youth in Masaka District, Uganda; factors influencing its timing; and assistance young people feel they need to delay sexual initiation. Data were drawn from a needs assessment using applied anthropological techniques with young people ages 13-19 years. Parents, guardians, and community leaders were also consulted. All participants felt that young people begin their sexual lives too early. Young men feel under pressure from friends and older men to prove their masculinity. …

  4. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice linked to HIV Prevention in Young Children and Adolescents

    This study covers children and young people living in vulnerable communities in high resettlement areas and a high-density poor peri-urban area in Luanda. The study carried out over three months highlighted that low levels of awareness and a lack of information in terms of quality reproductive and sexual health, within both rural and urban communities, is compounded by a lack of resources within social sectors. Young girls, the disabled and those involved or impacted upon by conflict are particularly vulnerable. …

  5. Adolescent girls literacy initiative for reproductive health (a GIFT for RH)

    The goal of "GIFT for RH" project is to increase the ability of illiterate and out-of-school adolescent girls aged 10-19 living in remote regions of Nepal to make and act on informed decisions regarding their reproductive health and rights as well as to make the community and their peers aware of the same, by the girls' participating in Lalima literacy classes given in Adolescent Girls' Groups (AGGs). The programme was implemented by Aamaa Milan Kendra (Mothers' Club) with technical and financial support from Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA). …

  6. Reaching Out-of-School Youth with Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS Information and Services

    Youth who do not attend school or who drop out prematurely miss many of the fundamentals of basic education - reading and writing skills, mathematics, and science. But they are also disadvantaged because they lose a valuable opportunity to learn about reproductive health and HIV in a stable and credible environment: the classroom. Such youth are vulnerable to misinformation from unreliable sources or possibly never learn about the issues at all. …

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