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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Investigating risky sexual behaviours among youth in the context of the HIV epidemic in Mbeya region, Tanzania

    Mitigating HIV and AIDS among youth has been a major policy agenda both internationally and nationally, within Tanzania. Two concerns associated with mitigation efforts are increasing sexual activity at young ages and a burgeoning population of out-of-school youth whom poverty, lack of supervision, and unemployment seem to push into alternative life patterns that present risks to their health. This situation poses a serious challenge for Tanzania, where half the population is categorised as young.

  2. Adolescent and youth sexual and reproductive health-evidence-based interventions in Kenya

    In 2011, the Division of Reproductive Health (DRH) in collaboration with FHI 360 undertook a review of adolescent and youth reproductive health programs in the country that included a desk review, mapping of youth serving organizations (YSOs), and interviews with stakeholders from the YSOs and development partners. …

  3. Educational exclusion: drop out, push out, and the school-to-prison pipeline among LGBTQ youth

    Educational Exclusion: Drop Out, Push Out, and the School-to-Prison Pipeline among LGBTQ Youth provides an in-depth look at the conditions that effectively push LGBTQ youth out of school and potentially into the criminal justice system. The report provides specific, real world guidance to address the hostile school climates and damaging policies and practices that contribute to pushing LGBTQ youth out of their schools. …

  4. Unintended pregnancies among young women living in urban slums: Evidence from a prospective study in Nairobi City, Kenya

    Background: Despite the significant proportion of young people residing in slum communities, little attention has been paid to the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) challenges they face during their transition to adulthood within this harsh environment. Little is known about the extent to which living in extreme environments, like slums, impact SRH outcomes, especially during this key developmental period. …

  5. Multi-city assessment of lifetime pregnancy involvement among street youth, Ukraine

    The authors conducted an assessment to describe the prevalence of and risk factors associated with lifetime pregnancy involvement (LPI) among street youth from three Ukrainian cities. They used modified time-location sampling to conduct a cross-sectional assessment in Odesa, Kyiv, and Donetsk that included citywide mapping of 91 public locations frequented by street youth, random selection of 74 sites, and interviewing of all eligible and consenting street youth ages 15-24 years found at sampled sites (n = 929). …

  6. But where are our moral heroes?: An analysis of South African press reporting on children affected by HIV/AIDS

    Messages conveyed both explicitly and implicitly in the media play an important role in the shaping of public understanding of issues, as well as associated policy, programme and popular responses to these issues. This paper applies discourse analysis to a series of articles on children affected by HIV/AIDS published in 2002/2003 in the English-medium South African press. …

  7. Jóvenes rurales: género y generación en un mundo cambiante

    Estudio realizado en la localidad de Iguanillas, en el sur del estado de Puebla. Indaga en los distintos elementos que marcan la especificidad de los hombres jóvenes rurales en tránsito del mundo infantil al mundo adulto. Así, se analiza la influencia de la escuela, el trabajo, la migración, la sexualidad, el matrimonio y la paternidad. Hay elementos, como la escuela o el matrimonio, que pueden ser semejantes para mujeres y hombres y sirven, desde la perspectiva de la generación para marcar la etapa juvenil o su terminación (el matrimonio). …

  8. The role of open, distance and flexible learning in HIV/AIDS prevention and mitigation for affected youth in South Africa and Mozambique

    This study provides an initial examination of the potential of open, distance and flexible learning (ODFL) to mitigate the affects of HIV and AIDS on young people, through an examination of experiences from Mozambique and South Africa. It analyses national AIDS policy and identifies major ODFL initiatives to translate this policy into practice. It explores the learning needs and favourite ways of learning of young people affected by HIV and AIDS, and suggests ways for ODFL to support and extend the work of existing infrastructures. …

  9. Reaching Out-of-School Youth with Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS Information and Services

    Youth who do not attend school or who drop out prematurely miss many of the fundamentals of basic education - reading and writing skills, mathematics, and science. But they are also disadvantaged because they lose a valuable opportunity to learn about reproductive health and HIV in a stable and credible environment: the classroom. Such youth are vulnerable to misinformation from unreliable sources or possibly never learn about the issues at all. …

  10. Caring for children affected by HIV and AIDS

    This Insight is intended to advance the discussion on the impact of HIV and AIDS on children in three key ways: by drawing attention to the situation of children orphaned by AIDS and the limitations of current responses for the realization of their rights; by reviewing the options for the care of these children, highlighting effective experiences and lessons learned from family and local approaches; and by identifying ways in which local, national and international actors can effectively fulfil their responsibilities to safeguard the human rights of children, with particular focus on children  …

  11. Analyse de la compréhension de la sexualité et du SIDA par la jeunesse rwandaise

    Face à l'ampleur de l'infection au VIH/SIDA qui est grandissante au niveau de la jeunesse rwandaise, plusieurs mouvements et associations combattant ce fléau sont nés dont le Club anti-sida " LA TROMPETTE". Ce club a pour but de faire connaître le SIDA et ses méfaits en vue de prévenir de ce fléau la population en général et la jeunesse en particulier. C'est dans le cadre de sa mission, que le club vient d'organiser une enquete à travers tout le pays auprès des jeunes scolarisés et non scolarisés.

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