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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Parents’ and teachers’ views on sexual health education and screening for sexually transmitted infections among in-school adolescent girls in Kenya: a qualitative study

    Background: To successfully develop and implement school-based sexual health interventions for adolescent girls, such as screening for Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis, it is important to understand parents’ and teachers’ attitudes towards sexual health education and acceptability of sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening interventions. Methods: In this qualitative study, we approached parents and teachers from three high schools to participate in in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus-group discussions (FGDs). …

  2. A parent's guide to comprehensive sexuality education. 2016 calendar

    Eastern and Southern Africa have some of the highest rates of HIV prevalence among young people in the world. Now more than ever, they need accurate information and supports regarding their sexual and reproductive health. From television and radio programmes, the internet, movies and friends, young people, including your child, are being exposed to untrusted information everywhere - and it’s often inaccurate. Your child needs the right information about their sexuality so they can make informed and safe decisions about their life and future. …

  3. Why? Who? Where? What? And How? to talk to parents and guardians about sexual and reproductive health [Engaging Communities in Comprehensive Sexuality Education]

    This guide forms part of a toolkit on "Engaging Communities in Comprehensive Sexuality Education'. It provides advice to children on how to talk to their parents about issues relating to sex and sexuality.

  4. Talking to your child about sexual and reproductive health [Engaging Communities in Comprehensive Sexuality Education]

    This guide forms part of a toolkit on 'Engaging Communities in Comprehensive Sexuality Education'. It provides advice to parents on why, when and how to talk to their children about sex and sexuality.

  5. Perception of students’ teachers’ and parents’ towards sexuality education in Calabar south local government area of Cross River State, Nigeria

    This study was aimed at assessing the perception of students, teachers and perception in Calabar south local government area of Cross River State, Nigeria. A cross sectional survey was employed and a structured questionnaire was used to generate both qualitative and quantitative data from 850 respondents using the multi-stage stratified sampling technique. Most students were within the age bracket of 13-18 476 (95.2%), teachers were mostly within 25-29 years 54 (27.0%) and parents were mostly 40-44 years of age 22 (22.0%). …

  6. Exploring the opinions of parents and teachers about young people receiving puberty and sex education in rural Kenya: a qualitative study

    In Kenya, one of the most significant public health concerns is the spread of HIV. Additionally, 13,000 girls drop out of school every year due to pregnancy. Although the Kenyan Ministry of Education and other independent organisations have tried to implement various means of developing puberty and sexual health education for young people, the situation is not improving. Aims: To explore the opinions of teachers and parents in rural Kenya about delivering puberty and sex education and to identify their perceptions of barriers to young people accessing this education. …

  7. Gender, sex and HIV: How to adress issues that no-one want to hear about

    This paper discusses the limitations of conventional Information, Education and Communication (IEC) approaches to HIV prevention and describes Stepping Stones, one approach which 1) is more holistic in recognising the location of HIV in a broader sexual and reproductive health (SRH) context; 2) emphasises the importance of a gendered perspective throughout; and 3) works on the basis that, with good facilitation, ordinary community members are those most able to develop the best solutions for their own sexual health needs.

  8. How to reach young adolescents: A toolkit for educating 10 - 14 year olds on sexual and reproductive health

    This toolkit was designed to be used by implementors such as experienced programme staff from NGOs, government offices or private industries who want to implement an SRH project for 10-14 year olds enrolled in primary school. The project activities within the toolkit rely on the implementor creating a strong partnership with local schools and community leaders. The toolkit presents several overlapping approaches to increase young adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health knowledge and improve their sexual behaviours.

  9. Sociodemographic variations in communication on sexuality and HIV/AIDS with parents, family members and teachers among in-school adolescents: a multi-site study in Tanzania and South Africa

    This paper aims to identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. The mean ages were as follows: CapeTown, 13.38 years (standard deviation (SD). …

  10. Conducting a parent involvement workshop: a manual for educators and practitioners

    Sexual education is a lifelong learning experience. Parents/caregivers however do not approach sexuality education in this manner, with talks either taking place sporadically or in isolated bits and pieces. Research has proven that adolescents who maintain a close connection with their family are more likely to delay their sexual debut. Parents/caregivers often do not have the necessary skills to engage in discussions around sexuality. A greater partnership with schools is one way to enhance communication between parents/caregivers and their children. …

  11. Sexuality Education Series for Young Persons, No. 6: Foundations of Human Sexuality Education

    Sexuality Education Series for Young Persons, No. 6: Foundations of Human Sexuality Education is a document produced by B. Madunagu and N. Bassey in collaboration with GPI (Girls' Power Initiative) in 2007 in accordance to the Sexuality, Family Life & HIV/AIDS Education curriculum in Nigeria. The document is the 6th in the Sexuality Education Series for young persons and has been produced. The document condemns the taboo regarding any questions around human sexuality. …

  12. Training manual level 1. Adolescent sexuality, sexual and reproductive health and rights

    This document is a training manual designed to help facilitator to provide sexuality education (human sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, rights and responsibilities). This training manual was produced and revised by Girl's power initiative (GPI), a Nigerian NGO in 2003. …

  13. What's in a game? : an evaluation of two sexuality education board games : Safari of life and young man's journey

    PATH developed two sexuality education board games, Safari of Life (SOL) and its spin-off Young Man's Journey (YMJ) that are designed to promote reproductive health through increased communication on relevant issues, provision of information, and strengthened relevant thinking and social skills. This publication includes findings of an evaluation these games after fifteen months of their uses in eleven countries. Qualitative methods were used to assess the games' ability to fulfill their objectives of improved communication, knowledge and skills.

  14. In this generation: sexual and reproductive health policies for a youthful world

    The report examines how seven countries: the United States, Iran, The Netherlands, Mexico, India, Ghana and Mali have responded to reproductive health needs of their young people.

  15. Promoting sexual responsibility among young people in Zimbabwe

    The Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council (ZNFPC) launched the Promotion of Youth Responsibility Project with technical assistance from the Johns Hopkins University Population Communication Services. This article presents an assessment of the project's success at reaching its target audience and promoting responsible sexual behaviour among young people.

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