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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A parent's guide to comprehensive sexuality education. 2016 calendar

    Eastern and Southern Africa have some of the highest rates of HIV prevalence among young people in the world. Now more than ever, they need accurate information and supports regarding their sexual and reproductive health. From television and radio programmes, the internet, movies and friends, young people, including your child, are being exposed to untrusted information everywhere - and it’s often inaccurate. Your child needs the right information about their sexuality so they can make informed and safe decisions about their life and future. …

  2. Co-designing the teenage pregnancy and young parent strategy

    In response to the recommendations from the Scottish Parliament’s Health and Sport Committee’s Inquiry into Teenage Pregnancy in 2013, the Scottish Government committed to producing a Teenage Pregnancy and Young Parents Strategy. …

  3. Exploring the opinions of parents and teachers about young people receiving puberty and sex education in rural Kenya: a qualitative study

    In Kenya, one of the most significant public health concerns is the spread of HIV. Additionally, 13,000 girls drop out of school every year due to pregnancy. Although the Kenyan Ministry of Education and other independent organisations have tried to implement various means of developing puberty and sexual health education for young people, the situation is not improving. Aims: To explore the opinions of teachers and parents in rural Kenya about delivering puberty and sex education and to identify their perceptions of barriers to young people accessing this education. …

  4. Gender Dynamics and Sexual Norms among Youth in Mali in the Context of HIV/AIDS Prevention

    Socially constructed ideas of gender norms and values attached to sexuality need to be considered when aiming to build the young people’s capacity to adopt HIV preventive behaviours. We conducted ten focus groups and sixteen individual interviews to explore sexual norms among youth in Bamako. Premarital sex, multiple partnering, condom use and transactional sex were discussed. The findings suggest that young people’s sexual norms are shaped by kin or authoritative elders as well as by external influences coming from Western culture. …

  5. Parent-child communication about sexual and reproductive health in rural Tanzania: Implications for young people's sexual health interventions

    Background: Many programmes on young people and HIV/AIDS prevention have focused on the in-school and channeled sexual and reproductive health messages through schools with limited activities for the young people's families. The assumption has been that parents in African families do not talk about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) with their children. These approach has had limited success because of failure to factor in the young person's family context, and the influence of parents. …

  6. Making HIV prevention programming count: identifying predictors of success in a parent-based HIV prevention program for youth

    Predictors of change in the number of sexual topics parents discussed and responsiveness during sex communication with their preadolescent after participating in a five-session sexual risk reduction intervention for parents were examined. Data were from 339 African American parents of preadolescents enrolled in the intervention arm of a randomized-controlled trial of the Parents’ Matter! Program (PMP). …

  7. Experiences in socio-cultural approaches to HIV prevention education and empowerment in the Caribbean

    This booklet gives a snap shot of the different socio-cultural approaches to HIV/AIDS prevention in the Caribbean. It presents edu-drama, theatre in education and other alternative media interventions that are geared towards empowering youth, their parents and community leaders to live a healthy lifestyle and create a safe environment within their communities.

  8. Parent-teen communication about sex in urban Thai families

    This study describes sexual communication among Thai parents and their teens and identifies variables related to communication about sex in urban Thai families. Data were derived from 420 families whose teenage children ages 13-14 years were randomly selected using the probability proportional to size technique. Interviews were conducted with 1 parent and 1 teenage child in each family. In-depth interviews were also conducted in 30 parents and teens drawn from the same 420 families. …

  9. Support for comprehensive sexuality education: perspectives from parents of school-age youth

    Controversy about school-based sexuality education in public schools has continued over the past decade, despite mounting evidence that comprehensive sexuality education effectively promotes sexual health and that parents support these programs in public schools. The present study replicates and expands upon previous findings regarding public views on school-based sexuality education. …

  10. Guideline in HIV disclosure counselling for children up to 12 years of age

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed guidance for health care workers on how to support children up to 12 years of age and their caregivers with disclosure of HIV status. Health care workers (HCWs) know that disclosure decisions are complex because of stigma, social support concerns, family relations, parenting skills and concern about children’s emotional and maturational ability to understand and cope with the nature of the illness. …

  11. The psychological effect of orphanhood in a matured HIV epidemic: an analysis of young people in Mukono, Uganda

    As the HIV pandemic progresses, the number of orphans is expected to rise. Uganda is one of the countries that has been most impacted by the pandemic. A few studies have explored the effects of orphanhood on psychological well-being; however, most of these studies have not explored potential pathways through which orphanhood could affect psychological well-being. Using a school-based sample, this study sought to examine the differences in depressive symptoms and hopelessness between orphans and non-orphans in Mukono District, Uganda. …

  12. Conducting a parent involvement workshop: a manual for educators and practitioners

    Sexual education is a lifelong learning experience. Parents/caregivers however do not approach sexuality education in this manner, with talks either taking place sporadically or in isolated bits and pieces. Research has proven that adolescents who maintain a close connection with their family are more likely to delay their sexual debut. Parents/caregivers often do not have the necessary skills to engage in discussions around sexuality. A greater partnership with schools is one way to enhance communication between parents/caregivers and their children. …

  13. National strategic framework on the health and development of adolescents and young people in Nigeria 2007-2011

    The goal of this strategic framework is to facilitate the implementation of the National Adolescent Health Policy that aims to improve the quality of life of young persons in Nigeria. …

  14. Developing support services for children, young people and families living with HIV: a handbook for service providers

    This resource has been designed to offer information, guidance and support to anyone who has an interest in developing, or already runs, support services for children and young people infected with or affected by HIV. The information will be of use to voluntary and community sector organisations and the statutory sector including social workers, health professionals and youth workers. It was developed through three national consultations with statutory, voluntary and health sector professionals held in London, Birmingham and Leeds at the beginning of 2005. …

  15. A guide to monitoring and evaluating adolescent reproductive health programs

    This resource offers guidance on adapting instruments for monitoring and evaluation, sample data collection instruments, and on collecting data through a variety of methods. This guide draws on the expertise and experience of professionals in a variety of disciplines. The family-planning field has laid an important foundation for considering how to develop service-delivery systems for adults and how to measure inputs, quality, access, and program results. …

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