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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Teaching and the HIV/AIDS Pandemic: A School Case Study

    Background: This paper reports case study findings on how a school in Tanzania is attempting to integrate HIV/AIDS education. Methods: Interviews were held with the principal, 8 teachers, 8 pupils, the school nurse and 4 parents; observation of school environment and document analysis of posters, text books and school calendar was carried out to see evidence of HIV/AIDS activities in the school. Results: HIV/AIDS is integrated in the school curricula and some teachers have incorporated participatory pedagogy. However teachers lack support and teaching materials. …

  2. Experiences in socio-cultural approaches to HIV prevention education and empowerment in the Caribbean

    This booklet gives a snap shot of the different socio-cultural approaches to HIV/AIDS prevention in the Caribbean. It presents edu-drama, theatre in education and other alternative media interventions that are geared towards empowering youth, their parents and community leaders to live a healthy lifestyle and create a safe environment within their communities.

  3. Children’s school participation and HIV/AIDS in rural Malawi: the role of parental knowledge and perceptions

    Studies of the relationship between HIV/AIDS and children’s educational attainment largely focus on the direct impacts of parental illness and death, overlooking the potential indirect impact that parental knowledge and perceptions of their HIV status may have on children’s school enrollment. Drawing on both quantitative and qualitative evidence from Malawi, this paper finds that women’s real and perceived anticipation of future health shocks has a positive impact on their children’s educational attainment. …

  4. Sociodemographic variations in communication on sexuality and HIV/AIDS with parents, family members and teachers among in-school adolescents: a multi-site study in Tanzania and South Africa

    This paper aims to identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. The mean ages were as follows: CapeTown, 13.38 years (standard deviation (SD). …

  5. Assessing implementation of Botswana's program for orphans and vulnerable children

    Botswana's 2008 National Guidelines on the Care of Orphans and Vulnerable Children define a vulnerable child as any child under the age of 18 years who lives in an abusive environment, a poverty-stricken family unable to access basic services, or a child-headed household; a child who lives with sick parents or outside family care; or who is HIV positive. Due to challenges in creating an effective response that corresponds to this broad definition, there are no available estimates of the number of children rendered vulnerable as a result of HIV, poverty, and other causes in Botswana. …

  6. Sistematización y documentación de las mejores prácticas prevención de VIH/SIDA en población joven entre 10-18 años en la Republica Dominicana

    Este documento fue publicado por la Coalición ONG SIDA y la UNICEF Republica Dominicana en 2004. Se trata de examinar cinco programas que han sido exitosos en la prevención de VIH/SIDA en la población de adolescentes y jóvenes. Resalta las mejores prácticas y muestra como se llevaron a cabo esas prácticas de manera que puedan ser aplicadas por otras instituciones. …

  7. The Sound of silence: difficulties in communicating on HIV/AIDS in schools

    This booklet reports the results of a survey conducted in India and Kenya that focused on HIV/AIDS education. The study areas were chosen because they have state sponsored HIV/AIDS curriculum. Over 3,000 parents, teachers and students were surveyed for the report, making this work of interest to teachers, policy makers, parents and community leaders. The report contains seven sections. The beginning consists of an introduction with rationale for the survey, methodology and an executive summary. …

  8. New challenges for schools AIDS education within an evolving HIV pandemic

    This paper describes the evolution of school-based HIV prevention programmes and their theoretical frameworks, as well as present barriers to their implementation. Examples of several best practices will highlight the key role of the education sector in mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS. The paper concludes with an innovative suggestion for the establishment of a new profession: the AIDS educator.

  9. Findings of a survey of teachers: Strengthening HIV/AIDS Partners in Education (SHAPE 2)

    This study is part of a research strategy to collect baseline data for a newly expanded project carried out by World Education, a non-governmental organization (NGO) established in Ghana in 2001. In partnership with local institutions, World Education strives to prevent the spread and mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS in the education sector. In collaboration with 12 civil society organizations (CSOs), activities are carried out in nearly 250 schools in four regions targeting students, teachers and parents through an innovative program, Strengthening HIV/AIDS Partnerships in Education (SHAPE). …

  10. Education and nutritional status of orphans and children of HIV-infected parents in Kenya

    We examine how school attendance and nutritional status differ between orphaned and fostered children, and between children of HIV-infected parents and non-HIV-infected parents in Kenya. Our analysis is based on information on 2,756 children age 0-4 years and 4,172 children age 6-14 years included in the male subsample of the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). …

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