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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Is peer education the best approach for HIV prevention in schools? Findings from a randomized controlled trial

    The purpose of the research was to evaluate the effectiveness of peer education when compared to teacher-led curricula in AIDS prevention programs conducted in schools in Rome, Italy. The only apparent benefit of the peer-led intervention, compared to that led by teachers, was a greater improvement in knowledge of HIV. Neither of the interventions induced changes in sexual behavior. However, the role of possible biases and methodological problems must be considered when interpreting these results.

  2. Talk what others think you can’t talk: HIV/AIDS clubs as peer education in Ugandan schools

    In this article, we make the case that HIV/AIDS clubs in Ugandan schools provide valuable information to students who may not have easy access to health services. As one club motto suggests, the clubs ‘talk what others think you can’t talk’. The innovative peer education methods, which include drama, popular culture and community outreach all have great appeal to youth, and provide unique opportunities for female students to raise gender issues and develop leadership skills. …

  3. Health club formation and management guide. HIV and AIDS eToolkit for teachers and schools in Swaziland

    This document focuses on health clubs, which consists of a group of students/pupils who: - Are determined to control and prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS through peer education, life skills education and sexual reproductive health; - Have decided to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS and help other people to do the same; - May be living positively with HIV/AIDS and are determined to encourage others to do the same; - Are determined to challenge prejudices and fears which stigmatize infected people; - Are prepared to help people to develop and practice understanding, support, and a sense of communi …

  4. My future is my choice [evaluation]

    The overall purpose of the research was to evaluate My Future is My Choice (MFMC), a national peer education HIV prevention life skills programme in Namibia, and to provide recommendations for programme improvement and strengthening. An official extra-curricular life skills program of the Ministry of Education at secondary and combined schools, the MFMC programme seeks to protect young people from HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases as well as prevent unintended pregnancies.

  5. Effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda: results from a non-randomized controlled trial

    While the HIV epidemic is levelling off in sub-Saharan Africa, it remains at an unacceptably high level. Young people aged 15-24 years remain particularly vulnerable, resulting in a regional HIV prevalence of 1.4% in young men and 3.3% in young women. This study assesses the effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda on young people’s sexual behavior, HIV knowledge and attitudes. In a non-randomized longitudinal controlled trial, fourteen schools were selected in two neighboring districts in Rwanda Bugesera (intervention) and Rwamagana (control). …

  6. I am not "umqwayito'': a qualitative study of peer pressure and sexual risk behaviour among young adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa

    Young people in South Africa are susceptible to HIV infection. They are vulnerable to peer pressure to have sex, but little is known about how peer pressure operates. The aim of the study was to understand how negative peer pressure increases high risk sexual behaviour among young adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa. Qualitative research methods were used. Eight focus groups were conducted with young people between the ages of 13 and 14 years. …

  7. Diretrizes para implantação do Projeto Saúde e Prevenção nas Escolas

    O Ministério da Educação e o Ministério da Saúde apresentam às instituições de educação, saúde e organizações da sociedade civil as diretrizes norteadoras do Projeto "Saúde e Prevenção nas Escolas" (SPE). Esse Projeto conta com o apoio da UNESCO - Organizações das Nações Unidas para a Educação a Ciência e a Cultura - do UNICEF - Fundo das Nações Unidas para a Infância e do UNFPA - Fundo de População das Nações Unidas, no planejamento, na execução, no monitoramento e na avaliação das ações desenvolvidas em âmbito federal, estadual e municipal. …

  8. The link between health, social issues, and secondary education : life skills, health, and civic education

    This thematic study is about the link between health, social issues and secondary education. The study is based on country studies in six Sub Saharan Africa countries (Eritrea, Mali, Namibia, Senegal, South Africa and Tanzania) and a literature review. It looks at the role of secondary education and training in promoting health, civics and life skills among the African youth. …

  9. Adolescent reproductive health project : AIDS action clubs in schools

    This programme is included in the Source Book of HIV/AIDS Prevention Program that presents 13 cases studies of good and promising practices of HIV/AIDS prevention programs in Sub-Saharan Africa. Africare, a Zimbabwean NGO established its AIDS Action Clubs Program in collaboration with the District Education Office in 2000. This regional programme is aimed at improving reproductive health of adolescents and young adults in Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia and South Africa. …

  10. School based peer education program: student baseline report. Strengthening HIV/AIDS Partnerships in Education SHAPE 2

    This report summarizes the findings of a baseline survey of HIV/AIDS and reproductive health (RH) knowledge, attitudes and behavior among youth in a sample of schools participating in the SHAPE 2 Project peer education program directed by World Education, Ghana, in collaboration with the Ghana Education Service and with support from USAID.

  11. School based peer education program: evaluation of SHAPE 1. Strengthening HIV/AIDS Partnerships in Education

    World Education, through its SHAPE 1 program, worked with a consortium of nine Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) to deliver HIV/AIDS education to in-school youth though a peer education program. The program had the goal of providing youth with the education they need to avoid or reduce risk-taking behavior, delay the onset of sexual activity, and if already sexually active, change behavior to reduce risk. …

  12. Plan d'Action Sectoriel de Lutte contre les IST et le VIH/SIDA

    Deux décennies se sont écoulées depuis l'apparition du virus de l'immunodéficience humaine ( VIH). Depuis lors, le VIH /SIDA s'est propagé très diligemment dans les pays en développement. Au Gabon, la progression de la pandémie est annoncée dès 1988 avec les premières enquêtes épidémiologiques montrant la prévalence de 1,8%. En 1993 le taux de cette prévalence était de 3,8%, pour culminer à 8% en 2001. …

  13. New challenges for schools AIDS education within an evolving HIV pandemic

    This paper describes the evolution of school-based HIV prevention programmes and their theoretical frameworks, as well as present barriers to their implementation. Examples of several best practices will highlight the key role of the education sector in mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS. The paper concludes with an innovative suggestion for the establishment of a new profession: the AIDS educator.

  14. Learning to live: monitoring and evaluating HIV/AIDS programmes for young people

    The specific aims of this handbook are: To introduce the concepts which underlie project monitoring and evaluating; To demonstrate how these are practically applied in HIV/AIDS projects; To provide an overview of existing good practice in key sectoral areas, and how these practices have been identified.- to give examples of methods and procedures which can be used in monitoring and evaluating HIV/AIDS projects; To encourage the use and adaptation of these methods, (a) to improve programming, and (b) to advocate the adoption and expansion of effective projects.

  15. Ghanaian parents' views of HIV/AIDS education in schools: report of focus group discussions. Strengthening HIV/AIDS Partnerships in Education (SHAPE 2)

    The study summarized in this report was carried out as part of a multi-faceted research strategy designed to collect baseline data for a newly expanded project carried out by World Education, an international non-governmental organization (NGO) established in Ghana in 2001. Working in partnership with local institutions, World Education strives to prevent the spread and mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS in the education sector. …

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