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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Empowering each other: young people who sell sex in Ethiopia

    Sex workers are amongst those most affected by HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) issues in Ethiopia. Stigma and discrimination towards sex workers affects their ability to access SRHR information, education and services. In 2014, the Link Up project in Ethiopia implemented a model of peer education and outreach to empower young people who sell sex (aged 15 – 24 years) and increase their access to HIV and SRHR services. The Link Up project seeks to improve the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people most affected by HIV. …

  2. Do peer educators make a difference? An evaluation of a youth-led HIV prevention model in Zambian schools

    Restless Development's youth-led model places trained Volunteer Peer Educators (VPEs), aged 18-25 years, in schools to teach HIV prevention and reproductive health (RH). VPEs also run youth centers, extracurricular and community-based activities. This evaluation assesses program effects on students' HIV/RH knowledge, attitudes and behaviors using a non-randomized quasi-experimental design among 2133 eighth and ninth grade students in 13 intervention versus 13 matched comparison schools and program costs. …

  3. An assessment of cost, quality and outcomes for five HIV prevention youth peer education programs in Zambia

    Research on the effectiveness of youth peer education programs (YPE) programs is scarce, and the wide variation in programs makes it difficult to generalize research findings. Measuring quality and comparing program effectiveness require the use of standardized instruments. In this study, the authors used standardized evidence-based instruments to compare program inputs, quality, outputs and outcomes for five YPE programs in Zambia. …

  4. Scrutinize campaign: a youth HIV prevention campaign addressing multiple and concurrent partnerships

    Launched on South African television in June 2008, the Scrutinize Campaign was a year-long series of HIV prevention ads targeting multiple and concurrent sexual partnerships. Irreverent and humorous, with strong, colorful visuals, the campaign's ads were markedly different from previous South African HIV prevention campaigns for youth. Rather than telling the audience what to do, the Scrutinize campaign messaging encouraged those in the audience to scrutinize their own behavior, resulting in dramatic uptake of key HIV prevention messages.

  5. Using participatory research and action to address the HIV-related vulnerabilities of adolescent girls in Tanzania

    Globally, girls and young women are more likely to be HIV positive than their male peers, due in large part to an array of gender inequalities that negatively impact their mental and physical well being. Protecting girls from this multi-dimensional risk requires first understanding how the girls experience vulnerability in their daily lives and developing solutions that are actionable within the community context. …

  6. Fostering accurate HIV/AIDS knowledge among unmarried youths in Cameroon: Do family environment and peers matter?

    This report investigates the linkages between family structure, family and peer communication about sexuality and accurate knowledge of transmission and prevention strategies. Data from the Cameroon Family Life and Health Survey, conducted in 2002 were used. Respondents were aged 10 years and over and sampled 765 households from the 75 localities forming the administrative prefecture of Bandjoun. Details questionnaires were used to gather data for the survey and it had a 97% response rate. …

  7. I am not "umqwayito'': a qualitative study of peer pressure and sexual risk behaviour among young adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa

    Young people in South Africa are susceptible to HIV infection. They are vulnerable to peer pressure to have sex, but little is known about how peer pressure operates. The aim of the study was to understand how negative peer pressure increases high risk sexual behaviour among young adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa. Qualitative research methods were used. Eight focus groups were conducted with young people between the ages of 13 and 14 years. …

  8. Sistematización y documentación de las mejores prácticas prevención de VIH/SIDA en población joven entre 10-18 años en la Republica Dominicana

    Este documento fue publicado por la Coalición ONG SIDA y la UNICEF Republica Dominicana en 2004. Se trata de examinar cinco programas que han sido exitosos en la prevención de VIH/SIDA en la población de adolescentes y jóvenes. Resalta las mejores prácticas y muestra como se llevaron a cabo esas prácticas de manera que puedan ser aplicadas por otras instituciones. …

  9. A force for change: young people and HIV/AIDS in South Asia

    The report presents a profile of youth in South Asia with regard to gender equality, quality education, access to health information and services, support and protection from parents, peers, and caregivers.

  10. Youth and HIV/AIDS: can we avoid catastrophe?

    Over 60 million people who have been infected with HIV in the past 20 years, about half became infected between the ages of 15 and 24. Today, nearly 12 million young people are living with HIV/AIDS. Young women are several times more likely than young men to be infected with HIV. In nearly 20 African countries 5 percent or more of women ages 15 to 24 are infected. Such statistics underscore the urgent need to address HIV/AIDS among youth.

  11. Peer approach in adolescent reproductive health education: some lessons learned

    This package is one of a series of repackaged products aimed at alerting users on highly valuable educational resources that exist in the field of adolescent reproductive sexual health. It focuses on the impact of peer education in promoting necessary changes among adolescents in attitudes and behaviour with regard to reproductive and sexual health and is targeted at teachers, trainers, curriculum developers and school administrators. …

  12. Youth peer education in reproductive health and HIV/AIDS: progress, process and planning for the future

    On January 11-12, 2006, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and Family Health International (FHI)/YouthNet sponsored an international consultation in Washington, DC, called "Taking Stock of Youth Reproductive Health and HIV Peer Education: Progress, Process, and Programming for the Future." An overarching theme of the consultation was that peer education as an approach to reach young people is here to stay, that large investments are currently being made in this approach, and that serious efforts should be made to maximize these investments. …

  13. Young people make the difference: peer influence on reproductive health of young people in Dakar, Senegal

    Senegal is mentioned by UNAIDS as best practice, since it is one of the few countries in Sub Sahara Africa with a very low HIV-prevalence, which is partly being attributed to early, far-reaching education and awareness-raising of the (young) population. This thesis does not aim to assess whether or not AIDS-education in Senegal is the cause of the low HIV-prevalence. It is aiming at gaining an insight into young people's lives and their perceptions of the severalsources of AIDS-education and information. How are young people in Senegal being informed about HIV/AIDS? What do they learn? …

  14. Peer education, gender and the development of a critical consciousnes: participatory HIV prevention by South African youth

    Despite the growing popularity of participatory peer education as an HIV-prevention strategy worldwide, our understandings of the processes underlying its impact on sexual norms are still in their infancy. Starting from the assumption that gender inequalities play a key role in driving the epidemic amongst young people, we outline a framework for conceptualising the processes underlying successful peer education. We draw on the inter-locking concepts of social identity, empowerment (with particular emphasis on Freire's account of critical consciousness) and social capital. …

  15. Contributions of non formal education to HIV prevention education in Nigeria: case study and inventory of NGO practices

    This paper is concerned with the need to address the fact that with over 5 per cent of the population of Nigeria infected with HIV, and the adult mortality rate continuing to rise, Nigeria is now at a potentially explosive stage of the epidemic. In particular it is concerned with the role of Non- Formal Education (NFE) in combating the spread of HIV/AIDS. It begins by first outlining the numerous positive steps taken by the following organisations: the Nigerian Government, the education sector, Federal Parastatals, civil society, non-governmental organisations and donor agencies. …

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