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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Revealing the full extent of households’ experiences of HIV and AIDS in rural South Africa

    Households experience HIV and AIDS in a complex and changing set of environments. These include health and welfare treatment and support services, HIV-related stigma and discrimination, and individual and household social and economic circumstances. This paper documents the experiences of 12 households directly affected by HIV and AIDS in rural KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, between 2002 and 2004. The households were observed during repeated visits over a period of more than a year by ethnographically trained researchers. …

  2. The people living with HIV stigma index: South Africa 2014. Summary Report

    The South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) has announced concrete measures to tackle persistent forms of stigma and discrimination that continue to affect large numbers of people infected with HIV and/or TB. These measures include a legal advice and litigation service offered through the nationwide network of Justice Centres run by Legal Aid South Africa. SANAC Chair Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa and the Deputy Minister of Health Dr Joe Phaahla launched the campaign on Tuesday 9 June in Durban at the release of nationwide research commissioned by SANAC to establish a Stigma Index. …

  3. HIV-related discrimination among grade six students in nine southern African countries

    Background: HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited. Methods: We used nationally representative data to examine discrimination of HIV-positive children by grade six students (n = 39,664) across nine countries in Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  4. Voices of HIV and AIDS-affected educators: How they are psychosocially affected and how REds enabled their resilience

    The aim of this article is to hear the voices of HIV- and AIDS-affected educators regarding their experiences of the psychosocial effect that the HIV and AIDS pandemic has on them as well as to voice their experiences of how Resilient Educators (REds), a support programme to enable educators affected by HIV and AIDS towards resilience, enabled them. A qualitative study was undertaken with 100 affected educators from different provinces in South Africa. Open-ended questionnaires were used to collect data prior to and after exposure to REds. …

  5. Code of good practice on key aspects of HIV/AIDS and employment. Department of Labour, Employment Equity Act, Act No. 55 of 1998

    The Code’s primary objective is to set out guidelines for employers and trade unions to implement so as to ensure individuals with HIV infection are not unfairly discriminated against in the workplace. This includes provisions regarding: creating a non-discriminatory work environment; dealing with HIV testing, confidentiality and disclosure; providing equitable employee benefits; dealing with dismissals; and managing grievance procedures.

  6. Silenced and forgotten: HIV and AIDS agenda setting paper for women living with HIV, sex workers and LGBT individuals in southern African and Indian Ocean states

    The impact of the HIV and AIDS epidemic is felt hardest by the individuals who are infected or affected by the disease, and in particular by individuals who are especially vulnerable to HIV infection due to stigma and discrimination, poverty, a lack of access to education, health and other services that promote HIV awareness. However, the impact of HIV and AIDS goes beyond the individual or household level – it affects nations as a whole. …

  7. Do South African learners stigmatize HIV/AIDS infected peers?

    The results of this Brief point to an increased significance of strengthening educational programmes and policies in the schooling sector as South Africa strives to reduce not only the prevalence of HIV and AIDS but also to develop positive learner attitudes among children of school going age. …

  8. UWC HIV/AIDS policy

    The University of the Western Cape (UWC) acknowledges the seriousness of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and recognises that the disease will have a significant impact on the University. The University shares the understanding of AIDS as a chronic, life-threatening disease with social, economic and human rights implications. …

  9. Siyam'kela measuring HIV/AIDS related stigma. Tackling HIV/AIDS stigma: Guidelines for people living with HIV/AIDS who interact with the media

    It is very important to address HIV/AIDS stigma in order to improve the quality of the lives of people living with HIV/AIDS and to address prevention effectively. Powerful negative metaphors related to HIV/AIDS reinforce stigma and create a sense of otherness. Othering occurs when blame and shame are assigned to people living with HIV/AIDS. This sets a moral tone that contributes towards people conceptualising PLHAs as different, and guides thinking toward a "them" and "us" division. …

  10. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on teachers in sub-Saharan Africa: a further update

    It is still widely anticipated that the AIDS epidemic will have a devastating impact on the education sector in Africa. Faced with this impending crisis, leading experts have called for a transformation in the functioning of schools and the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS in the education sector supported by donors. Numerous reports and articles state that the number of teachers dying from AIDS-related illnesses continues to increase very rapidly and that this is causing serious shortages of teachers. This article updates the figures that are known in that field.

  11. Tackling HIV/AIDS Stigma: Guidelines for the workplace

    These guidelines were developed to provide people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA), HIV/AIDS co-ordinators and managers within a workplace setting with practical and user-friendly recommendations on how to create a HIV/AIDS-friendly environment in an appropriate and effective manner. Although the research was conducted in a government workplace, it is believed that many of the recommendations are relevant in other workplace settings. Additional sets of guidelines are available for the faith and PLHA sectors. …

  12. Tackling HIV/AIDS Stigma: Guidelines for faith-based organisations

    These guidelines were developed to provide faith leaders, HIVAIDS committees,people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in the faith community and opinion leaders within the faith-based sector with practical and user-friendly recommendations on how to create an environment free of HIV/AIDS stigma. Additional guidelines for PLHAs and media, and the national government workplace sector, are also available. The guidelines are not exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with other guideline Siyam'kela documents produced on HIV/AIDS and stigma.

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