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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A possible role of stigma and fears in HIV infection

    Fear/Stigma associated with HIV/AIDS continues to avert responses to the epidemic. Data (obtained in Tshwane metropolis) were used to test stigma/fear dimensions of an instrument. Factor analysis identified five foci of fear and stigma. There were significant differences on the factor scale measuring fear of sex, with females and younger respondents having significantly greater fear. Results were interpreted within a cultural context that realises that decreasing AIDS stigma is a vital step in stemming the pandemic.

  2. The national HIV and AIDS stigma and discrimination index: summary report

    The National HIV and AIDS Stigma and Discrimination Study, was a cross-sectional survey which collected data from the 47 counties, grouped into 30 clusters selected based on observed regional variations in HIV prevalence, socio-cultural and economic characteristics. The stigma study, targeted the general population, key populations as well as PLHIV is a compilation of the thoughts and attitudes regarding HIV, and, far too frequently, painful experiences of people living with HIV.

  3. Revealing the full extent of households’ experiences of HIV and AIDS in rural South Africa

    Households experience HIV and AIDS in a complex and changing set of environments. These include health and welfare treatment and support services, HIV-related stigma and discrimination, and individual and household social and economic circumstances. This paper documents the experiences of 12 households directly affected by HIV and AIDS in rural KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, between 2002 and 2004. The households were observed during repeated visits over a period of more than a year by ethnographically trained researchers. …

  4. Individual- and community-level determinants of social acceptance of people living with HIV in Kenya: results from a national population-based survey

    Using data from the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, we investigated the influence of individual- and community-level factors on accepting attitudes toward people living with HIV (PHLIV) using three outcomes: willingness to care for an infected household member, willingness to buy vegetables from an infected vendor, and willingness to allow an infected female teacher to continue teaching. Multilevel logistic regression models, with individuals at the first level and community variables at the second level, were performed. …

  5. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS and care. HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination: an anthropological approach

    Ce document résulte d'un projet conjoint de l'UNESCO et d'ONUSIDA intitulé "L'approche culturelle de la prévention et du traitement du VIH et sida". Il vise à lutter contre la stigmatisation et la discrimination des personnes vivant avec le VIH. Ce document présente les actes de la table ronde organisée en novembre 2002 dans le cadre du projet sur le thème: " VIH et sida, stigmatisation et discrimination : une approche anthropologique ". …

  6. National study on the stigmatization and forms of discrimination against people living with HIV

    The aim of the study is to analyze stigmatization of and forms of discrimination against PLWH, to identify the needs and problems of PLWH and to determine the attitude of others toward PLWH in Tajikistan.

  7. The role of stigma and discrimination in increasing the vulnerability of children and youth with and affected by HIV/AIDS

    This report clearly illustrates the powerful and negative effects of stigma on those affected by HIV/AIDS. The stories from children are particularly powerful and impacting. This report aims to put across the message that combating HIV/AIDS requires a strong and coordinated reponse from all sectors of society.

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