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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Searching for the second R in sexual and reproductive health and … rights

    Sexual and reproductive health and rights have gained prominence in the HIV response. The role of sexual and reproductive health in underpinning a successful approach to HIV prevention, treatment, care, and services has increasingly been recognized. However, the “second R,” referring to sexual and reproductive rights, is often neglected. This leads to policies and programs which both fail to uphold and fulfill these rights and which fail to meet the needs of those most affected by HIV by neglecting to take account of the human right-based barriers and challenges they face. …

  2. Young key populations and young people living with HIV and AIDS in Vietnam

    The aim of the program is to create enabling and empowering environment in the selected countries to enhance the engagement of young key populations in the Global Fund processes at country level, with following specific objectives: (i) To synthesize and generate strategic information in relation to HIV and young people to inform the National Strategic Plan review and Investment Cases; (ii) Ensure youth partners have the skills and knowledge to influence the country dialogue for adequately resourced HIV responses for young people; and (iii) Ensure programmes funded through the NFM targeting you …

  3. Towards ending AIDS in Sri Lanka: a road map

    The road map towards ending AIDS by 2025 consists of strategic directions to be followed in order to achieve the 90-90-90 target set by UNAIDS, namely, that 90% of all people living with HIV know their HIV status, 90% of people with diagnosed HIV infection receive sustainable antiretroviral therapy and 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy achieve viral suppression. These new targets aim to fast-track the national response in the next five years to end AIDS by 2025. …

  4. Situation analysis of legal and regulatory aspects of HIV and AIDS in Seychelles: final report

    This analysis of legal and regulatory aspects in the context of HIV and AIDS seeks to clarify how existing laws, policies and practices and their implementation and enforcement either support or undermine an effective HIV response in the country. This is important to ensure an effective HIV response that protects and promotes the human rights of people living with HIV and of most at risk and vulnerable populations. …

  5. An assessment of the legal and policy environment in response to HIV in Nepal

    This report follows on the recommendation of the Global Commission on HIV and Law in undertaking national reviews and multi-stakeholder consultations by 2015, relating to the legal and policy barriers towards the elimination of HIV-related stigma, discrimination, and violence. …

  6. The people living with HIV stigma index: South Africa 2014. Summary Report

    The South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) has announced concrete measures to tackle persistent forms of stigma and discrimination that continue to affect large numbers of people infected with HIV and/or TB. These measures include a legal advice and litigation service offered through the nationwide network of Justice Centres run by Legal Aid South Africa. SANAC Chair Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa and the Deputy Minister of Health Dr Joe Phaahla launched the campaign on Tuesday 9 June in Durban at the release of nationwide research commissioned by SANAC to establish a Stigma Index. …

  7. National guidelines on HIV/AIDS care and support 2014

    The National Guidelines for HIV/AIDS Care and Support offers general recommendations for the Care and Support of persons living with HIV/AIDS, persons affected by HIV/AIDS and service providers. It provides a general overview of the status of HIV/AIDS Care and Support in Nigeria with emphasis on progress made thus far. The document has six chapters that address the key components of HIV/AIDS Care and Support thus providing an implementable framework for the effective delivery of HIV/AIDS Care and Support services. …

  8. Nutrition assessment, counselling and support for adolescents and adults living with HIV: A programming guide

    This programming guide prepared by the World Food Programme (WFP), the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) provides practitioners with useful information for planning and implementing food and nutrition support as part of a comprehensive treatment, care and support programme for adults and adolescents living with HIV. It serves as a resource for governments, UN organizations, donors, civil society, and other organizations providing support to countries.

  9. Policy analysis and advocacy decision model for services for key populations in Kenya

    From 2010–2012, the global Health Policy Project (funded by the United States Agency for International Development), in partnership with African Men for Sexual Health and Rights (AMSHeR), developed Policy Analysis and Advocacy Decision Model for HIV-Related Services: Males Who Have Sex with Males, Transgender People, and Sex Workers (Beardsley K., 2013), hereafter referred to as the Decision Model. …

  10. National HIV legal review report: Review of Myanmar’s legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV services for people living with HIV and key affected populations

    This report presents the key findings and recommendations of the review of Myanmar's legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV prevention and treatment services for people living with HIV and key affected populations.The review was conducted through a partnership of UNAIDS, UNDP and Pyoe Pin in the period August - December 2013, in consultation with the National AIDS Programme. …

  11. The impact and cost of the HIV/AIDS investment framework for adolescents

    Background: In 2005, the resources needed to support orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa were estimated at US$1.1–4.1 billion. Approaches to support vulnerable children have changed considerably since then. This study updates previous estimates by including new types of support and information on support costs. Methods: We considered 16 types of support categorized as economic strengthening, education support, social care and community outreach, and program support. …

  12. The emerging face of the HIV epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa

    Purpose of review: A volume of quality HIV data has materialized recently in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This review provides a thematic narrative of the patterns of HIV infection transmission in this region in light of these data. Recent findings: Tens of integrated bio-behavioral surveillance surveys among hard-to-reach key populations at higher risk have been conducted in MENA in the recent years. Many of the studies reported appreciable and growing HIV prevalence. …

  13. Sexual behavior among persons living with HIV in Uganda: Implications for policy and practice

    Introduction: HIV epidemics are sustained and propagated by new cases of infection which result from transmission from infected persons to uninfected susceptible individuals. People living with HIV (PLHIV) play a critical role in prevention if they adopt safer sexual behaviors. This study estimated the prevalence of and factors associated with safer sexual behaviors among PLHIV seeking care from civil society organizations (CSOs). …

  14. The Nepal HIV Investment Plan 2014-2016

    The investment plan for Nepal 2014-2016 emphasises the importance of focusing on Key Affected Populations (KAP), then goes one step further to disaggregate relevant KAP into sub-populations, guided by infection risk dynamics and context. The first priorities identified for prevention are: female sex workers who inject drugs on a regular basis (FSW WID); other people who inject drugs; street-based female sex workers ( FSW); transgender sex workers (TG SW) and male sex workers (MSW). …

  15. Life Doesn’t Wait. Romania’s Failure to Protect and Support Children and Youth Living with HIV

    More than 7,200 Romanian children and youth age fifteen to nineteen are living with HIV—the largest such group in any European country. The vast majority were infected with HIV between 1986 and 1991 as a direct result of government policies that exposed them to contaminated needles and “microtransfusions” of unscreened blood. Despite Romania’s progressive expansion of access to antiretroviral drugs, these children and youth face pervasive stigma and discrimination that often impedes their enjoyment of basic rights and services. …

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