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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Zimbabwe national behavioural change strategy for the prevention of sexual transmission of HIV 2006-2010

    The Zimbabwe National Behavioural Change (BC) Strategy is a multisectoral framework to reduce sexual transmission of HIV by promoting responsible practices. Comprehensive epidemiological and behavioural reviews form the basis of this strategy. They found that HIV prevalence had declined in Zimbabwe and that behavioural change including partner reduction and increased condom use had already started. At the same time, multiple concurrent partnerships and a number of related practices were still seen as key drivers of the epidemic. …

  2. Kenya nutrition and HIV/AIDS strategy 2007 to 2010

    The Kenya National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan (KNASP) and the National Health Sector Strategic Plan II (NHSSP II) for 2005 2010 provide the framework for the country's response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The nutrition and HIV/AIDS agenda is driven by the three priority areas in the KNASP, but the main priority is improvement of the quality of life of people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS (Priority Area 2). The goal of nutritional interventions is to improve nutrition, health, quality of life and duration of survival of people infected with HIV. …

  3. Interim strategic plan for multi-sectoral for HIV response in Ethiopia (2009-2010/11)

    This Interim SPM covers only the period 2009-2010 in order to create opportunities to align strategies with other major sector (HSDP) and development (PASDEP) plans which also end in 2010. During the interim period, multi-sectoral actors at all levels working on HIV issues are expected to develop and implement their respective plans based on this SPM. During the Interim period a number of structural changes within the sector will be given chance to settle. A number of planned national surveys will also provide more accurate information to develop a five-year plan.

  4. Assessing the Integration of gender and Human Rights in HIV Related Documents and Processes in Selected Southern African Countries. A rapid assessment

    This report presents the findings of a desk study undertaken to assess the integration of gender and human rights in HIV-related documents and processes in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It highlights best practices, lessons learned, and areas for future action. The report implies an urgency to move from the status quo, whereby the centrality of gender equality and human rights in the pandemic regionally is underestimated. …

  5. Demographic Impact of HIV/AIDS in Mozambique (Update 2000)

    Following the consensus on provincial, regional, and national HIV prevalence rates reached at the meeting of 6 September 2001, the Technical Group proceeded to update projections of the Demographic Impact of HIV/AIDS in Mozambique that were originally based on the 1998 epidemiological surveillance round. The objective of the present document is to disseminate the updated results of the Demographic Impact of HIV/AIDS in Mozambique, based on the HIV rates from the 2000 epidemiological surveillance round. …

  6. Malawi National HIV/AIDS Action Framework (2005-2009)

    The National HIV/AIDS Action Framework (NAF) for Malawi was developed to cover the period 2005-2009 and it is based on the findings of the End of Term (ETR) review of the National Strategic Framework (NSF) for HIV/AIDS that guided the response from 2000-2004. This NAF was carried out using a highly participatory and nationwide consultative approach under eight pillars. …

  7. Integrating Multiple Gender Strategies to Improve HIV and AIDS interventions: A Compendium of programs in Africa

    The public health and international development communities have known for nearly two decades that gender - the way in which societies define acceptable roles, responsibilities, and behaviors of women and men - strongly influences how HIV spreads and how people respond to the epidemic. Because of the interrelated factors that contribute to HIV infection, there is growing recognition that using multiple approaches in HIV and AIDS programming is more effective than single strategies. …

  8. Malawi HIV and AIDS Extended National Action Framework (NAF), 2010-2012

    The Malawi Extended National HIV and AIDS Action Framework (NAF) for the period 2010 to 2012 follows the NAF 2005 to 2009, and harmonises the national HIV and AIDS response with the Malawi Growth and Development Strategy (MGDS). The goals of the Extended NAF are: to prevent the spread of HIV infection among Malawians; provide access to treatment to People Living with HIV; and mitigate the health, socio-economic and psychosocial impacts of HIV and AIDS on individuals, families, communities and the nation. The extended NAF has 7 priority areas as listed below: 1. …

  9. Joint Mid-Term Review of the National Aids Strategic Framework 2006-2010. Technical Report

    Implementation of the NASF 2006-2010 is now mid-way through its planned period and as planned, this Joint Mid-Term Review (JMTR) is on course. The broad objectives of the review are to assess and appraise the status of the national response against the set targets and indicators spelt out in the National Strategic Framework and/or Action Plans during the period under review. …

  10. VIH et SIDA, Droits Fondamentaux Pour Tous

    VIH et SIDA, Droits Fondamentaux pour Tous est une brochure éditée par le HCR en 2006. Il s'agit d'une petite bande dessinée qui s'adresse aux personnes déplacées et particulièrement vulnérables que sont les réfugiés et les rapatriés. Il vise a promouvoir un environnement accueillant et sans discrimination pour les réfugiés et les rapatriés. Souvent accusés à tort de véhiculer le VIH et d'autres maladies, la brochure aborde ainsi diverses situations auxquelles les réfugiés peuvent être confrontés dans leur pays d'accueil comme l'exclusion, la discrimination ou l'exploitation sexuelle. …

  11. Understanding and challenging HIV stigma. Toolkit for action. Introduction and module A. Using the toolkit, naming the problem

    This document is part of a toolkit written for and by HIV trainers. The toolkit has been designed to help trainers plan and organise educational sessions with community leaders or organised groups. It consists in a collection of participatory training exercices to help people at all levels understand stigma - what it means, why it is an important issue, what its root causes are - and develop strategies to challenge stigma and discrimination.The present document contains the introduction to the toolkit and the Module A, "Naming the problem". …

  12. Malawi national HIV/AIDS policy

    The goal of this policy is to prevent HIV infections, to reduce vulnerability to HIV, to improve the provision of treatment, care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS and to mitigate the socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS on individuals, families, communities and the nation. …

  13. Report on the identification of critical areas for capacity replenishment in the public service

    This report presents the outcome of the study on the identification of critical areas for capacity replenishment in the public service. This report outlines the background to the assignment, its objectives, key challenges facing the Public Service in the delivery of core services and the main findings, observations and recommendations as well as the way forward. The study covered five selected institutions, namely; Ministries of Agriculture, Irrigation, and Food Security Education, Science and Technology, Health and Population, Water Development and the Malawi Police Service. …

  14. National HIV/AIDS policy

    The goal of this policy is to prevent HIV infections, to reduce vulnerability to HIV, to improve the provision of treatment, care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS and to mitigate the socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS on individuals, families, communities and the nation. The objectives are to: 1. Prevent HIV infections, 2. Improve delivery of prevention, treatment, care and support services, 3. Mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS on individuals, the family and communities, 4. Reduce individual and societal vulnerability to HIV/AIDS through the creation of an enabling environment. 5. …

  15. Are Africans practicing safer sex: evidence from demographic and health surveys for eight countries

    The authors use repeated rounds of Demographic and Health Survey data from eight african countries to examine changes in and determinants of three HIV risk behaviors: age at first intercourse; number of current sexual partners, and use of condoms. They find some evidence of changes in sample composition, which is easily handled in a multivariate framework, and find evidence as well of changes in how people respond to questions about HIV behavior. …

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