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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Recomendações para a atenção integral a adolescentes e jovens vivendo com HIV/Aids

    A epidemia de aids entre adolescentes e jovens, ao longo dos últimos 30 anos, mantém-se como um desafio para os profissionais de saúde, tanto no campo da prevençăo de novos casos, como no campo do tratamento, especialmente em funçăo da tendęncia ao aumento da prevalęncia da infecçăo pelo HIV na populaçăo jovem. …

  2. Social and economic determinants of unequal HIV care access among people living with HIV in Peru

    Equity in access to health care among people living with HIV has not been extensively studied in Peru. This research aims to assess the extent to which health care provision for persons living with HIV was equitable and where there was lower access, and the factors associated with lower access. The study was conducted among adult PLHA in four cities in Peru. Between September 2008 and January 2009, 863 individuals from four cities in Peru were enrolled. The study found that transgender identity and age younger than 35 years old, were associated with lower access to health care. …

  3. Vital signs: HIV infection, testing, and risk behaviors among youths — United States

    Background: In 2009, 6.7% of the estimated 1.1 million persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States were youths (defined in this report as persons aged 13–24 years); more than half of youths with HIV (59.5%) were unaware of their infection. Methods: CDC used National HIV Surveillance System data to estimate, among youths, prevalence rates of diagnosed HIV infection in 2009 and the number of new infections (incidence) in 2010. …

  4. Economic impact of HIV and antiretroviral therapy on education supply in high prevalence regions

    Background: We set out to estimate, for the three geographical regions with the highest HIV prevalence, (sub-Saharan Africa [SSA], the Caribbean and the Greater Mekong sub-region of East Asia), the human resource and economic impact of HIV on the supply of education from 2008 to 2015, the target date for the achievement of Education For All (EFA), contrasting the continuation of access to care, support and Antiretroviral therapy (ART) to the scenario of universal access. …

  5. Access to safe abortion: building choices for women living with HIV and AIDS

    In many areas of the world where HIV prevalence is high, rates of unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion have also been shown to be high. Of all pregnancies worldwide in 2008, 41% were reported as unintended or unplanned, and approximately 50% of these ended in abortion. …

  6. Sexual and reproductive health for young HIV positive adolescents: the club concept in support groups

    This manual is for people who work with young adolescents. It provides them with knowledge and materials to create support groups (clubs) for HIV-positive adolescents to arm them with information to make healthy choices.

  7. Education of children with human immunodeficiency virus infection

    Treatment for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has enabled more children and youths to attend school and participate in school activities. Children and youths with HIV infection should receive the same education as those with other chronic illnesses. They may require special services, including home instruction, to provide continuity of education. Confidentiality about HIV infection status should be maintained with parental consent required for disclosure. Youths also should assent or consent as is appropriate for disclosure of their diagnosis.

  8. Dignity denied: violations of the rights of HIV-positive women in Chilean health facilities

    Dignity Denied documents the systemic discrimination and abuse that HIV-positive women endure in Chilean health facilities. Based on women's testimonies and those of healthcare providers, this report exposes the discriminatory and often dehumanizing experiences that Chilean women living with HIV/AIDS face when seeking healthcare, including failures to protect patient confidentiality, lack of adequate pre- and post-test counseling, delayed or abusive treatment, pressure to not bear children, and coercive and forced sterilization.

  9. Addressing HIV and AIDS stigma in Jamaica: Lessons learned from a community based sensitization programme

    Many challenges have been encountered in the response to HIV and AIDS, not the least of which is the impact of stigma on the lives of people infected as well as those otherwise affected. We recognize that a multi-pronged approach is necessary in any effort to combat this disease and propose that explicit sensitization training and anti-stigma measures are a critical component of any successful HIV&AIDS education or elimination program. Working with people living with HIV & AIDS (PLWHA) has been a precious, most invaluable experience. …

  10. Prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS among drug using populations: a global perspective

    This document is the report of the consultation meeting "Prevention and Treatment of HIV/AIDS Among drug Using Populations: A Global Perspective" held in Washington, D.C: on January 11-12. The overarching goal of the meeting was to advance understanding of the global HIV and substance abuse epidemics and highlight the importance of including drug abusers - particularly injection drug users (IDUs) - in any comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to HIV prevention and treatment. …

  11. Positive partnerships: a toolkit for the greater involvement of people living with or affected by HIV and AIDS in the Caribbean education sector

    The toolkit aims to assist education sector staff, networks of people living with HIV, and others to apply the principles for the greater involvement of people living with or affected by HIV and AIDS (GIPA) in a comprehensive approach for the education sector's response to HIV and AIDS. The toolkit includes 10 activities, each requiring from 1 to 3 hours, which can be modified as needed. The activities introduce the basics of HIV and AIDS, the concept of GIPA, and ways its principles can be incorporated into a comprehensive approach for the education sector's HIV and AIDS initiatives. …

  12. Caring for People Affected By HIV and AIDS (Level 2)

    This book is intended to help young people affected by HIV and AIDS to care for others while protecting and caring for themselves at the same time. It is also intended to promote understanding of the issues around caring for those with HIV and AIDS. It can be used across the curriculum: in literacy, social studies, life skills and science classes as well as in after-school or community clubs.

  13. An assessment: the situation of children made vulnerable or orphaned in Guyana

    The social and economic factors contributing to children of Guyana becoming orphaned or made vulnerable have been cause for major concern. Increasingly, children suffer in various ways; some from abuse, others are exposed to various forms of violence, neglected or abandoned, and also have to face the challenge of them or their parents dealing with life threatening diseases such as cancer and HIV. …

  14. Report on access to Global Fund resources by HIV/AIDS Key Populations in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Report on access to treatment to HIV/AIDS in Latin America and the Caribbean. The first section of this report analyses quantitative data collected from the secretariat of the Global Fund relating to the allocation of Global Fund resources in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Paraguay, Peru, Haiti and the English-speaking Caribbean. …

  15. HIV/AIDS Policy of the Public Service of Belize

    In line with the mandate of the Office of Governance, this policy has been formulated to integrate the issue of HIV/AIDS into the mainstream human capital management policies of the Belize Public Service. This policy is based on the recognition that recruitment, preservation and motivation of high quality employees are an essential component of an effective Public Service. This Policy establishes a set of guidelines to protect the health and welfare of Public Officers in the face of the challenge presented by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. …

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