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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. iCAN Package: Facilitator's Manual and Workbook. A comprehensive life skills package focusing on HIV, sexuality and sexual and reproductive health for young people living with HIV (YPLHIV) and their circles of care

    The iCAN package aims to help address the challenges facing adolescents and young people living in the East and Southern Africa (ESA) region. It has been designed to support young people living with HIV (YPLHIV) and those who work with them, to help them understand their HIV positive status and empower them to plan their lives in ways that protect both their own health and that of others. The package can be used to complement existing materials focusing on sexual and reproductive health and HIV, and other youth-focused packages produced by partners working with YPLHIV. …

  2. Brighter life for all: advocacy strategy to increase access to quality health services for adolescents and young people living with HIV in Uganda 2015 - 2017

    This Advocacy Strategy focuses on reducing barriers facing Adolescents and Youth Living with HIV for improved quality of life. It emphasizes three interlinked objectives to 1) promote positive and dignified lives for AYLHIV free from stigma and discrimination; 2) enhance access to psychosocial support services; 3) increase access and utilization of friendly comprehensive package of services; and 4) improve Positive Health, Dignity and Prevention (PHDP). This holistic approach will ensure an equitable HIV response that ensures no adolescent/youth is left behind.

  3. Our time to be heard: stories giving voice to young people and their experience of HIV

    This publication is a collection of stories about young people living with HIV written by citizen journalists from the Key Correspondents network. The authors hope that they bring the experiences, thoughts and reflections of young people to the growing global debates on adolescent health and HIV. Key Correspondents is a network of citizen journalists around the world writing on HIV, health and human rights, helping get the voices of those most affected into global debates.

  4. Toolkit for transition of care and other services for adolescents living with HIV: Training manual

    This training is designed to provide participants with the technical knowledge and skillset to provide individualized transition services and incorporate the relevant modules of the Toolkit for Transition of Care and Other Services for Adolescents Living with HIV into routine health services. By the end of this workshop, participants will be able to: 1. Describe characteristics of adolescent-friendly services; 2. Communicate effectively with adolescents; 3. Identify a minimum package of services for the individual adolescent client; 4. …

  5. HIV-related discrimination among grade six students in nine southern African countries

    Background: HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited. Methods: We used nationally representative data to examine discrimination of HIV-positive children by grade six students (n = 39,664) across nine countries in Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  6. The impact and cost of the HIV/AIDS investment framework for adolescents

    Background: In 2005, the resources needed to support orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa were estimated at US$1.1–4.1 billion. Approaches to support vulnerable children have changed considerably since then. This study updates previous estimates by including new types of support and information on support costs. Methods: We considered 16 types of support categorized as economic strengthening, education support, social care and community outreach, and program support. …

  7. Let’s talk about sex: A qualitative study of Rwandan adolescents’ views on sex and HIV

    Objective: This qualitative study explored the views and experiences of adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV in Kigali, Rwanda, regarding sex, love, marriage, children and hope for the future. Design: The study enrolled 42 adolescents who had received combination antiretroviral therapy for at least 12 months, and a selection of their primary caregivers. Study methods included 3 multiple day workshops consisting of role-playing and focus group discussions (FGDs) with adolescents, 8 in-depth interviews with adolescents, and one FGD with caregivers. …

  8. Addressing the needs of young people living with HIV: A guide for professionals

    Life skills and sexuality education programmes usually only focus on HIV negative young people. And HIV prevention seems to be the main target of many of such programmes. However, HIV positive youth also need our attention and care. Fact is that worldwide 40% of all new HIV infections are among young boys and girls, while every day 2,500 other young people are infected. To address the specific needs of young people living with HIV (YPLHIV), this practical guide has been developed. …

  9. Teen talk : a guide for positive living

    This question and answer guide for HIV-positive adolescents covers a variety of topics, including ARVs, adherence, friendship, nutrition, exercise, reproductive health, positive prevention, multiple concurrent partnerships, safe male circumcision, prevention of mother-to-child transmission, emotions, and disclosure.

  10. HIV prevention interventions with young people in schools through Positive Speaking Methodology

    Drawing on the unique experience of young adults who are living with HIV and AIDS, Positive Speaking aims to contribute to the HIV prevention revolution in Namibia, and more specifically: To empower young people and learners with appropriate knowledge and skills about HIV prevention, gender and sexual reproductive health, based on the drivers of the current HIV epidemic, so that they can make the right decisions in future about their relationships and enjoy healthy lives; To change learners’ risk perceptions towards HIV infection, and their attitudes towards people living with HIV; To provide  …

  11. Transitioning of Care and other Services for Adolescents Living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa

    As the number of adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) continues to grow, the need to improve services, policies, and programs intensifies. This technical brief provides guidance for program managers and policymakers in order to develop services for ALHIV and their families/caregivers as they transition toward HIV self-management and adult clinical care. Focusing more specifically on the transitional needs of adolescents vertically infected with HIV, the contents have relevance for those adolescents infected via behavioral routes. …

  12. Rapid psychosocial function screening test identified treatment failure in HIV+ African youth

    Psychosocial dysfunction in older children and adolescents is common and may lead to nonadherence to HIV treatments. Poor adherence leads to HIV treatment failure and the development of resistant virus. In resource-limited settings where treatment options are typically limited to only one or two available lines of therapy, identification of individuals at highest risk of failure before failure occurs is of critical importance. …

  13. HIV serostatus disclosure and lived experiences of adolescents at the Transition Clinic of the Infectious Diseases Clinic in Kampala, Uganda: A qualitative study

    Most studies on HIV serostatus disclosure and adolescents focus on whether, how and when to disclose to adolescents their HIV diagnosis. Fewer studies have examined HIV serostatus disclosure by adolescents who know they are infected with HIV. This study presents qualitative data examining HIV serostatus and treatment disclosure practices and concerns of young people living with HIV in Uganda and the extent to which they are satisfied with current norms around HIV serostatus and treatment disclosure. …

  14. Safety and tolerability of antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected children and adolescents in Uganda

    The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and outcome of ART-related adverse events among patients ages 6 weeks to 18 years. The authors followed up a cohort of 378 HIV-infected children and adolescents who started ART at the Baylor-Uganda Clinic during the period of July 2004 to July 2009. Patients were started on zidovudine or stavudine, plus lamivudine, and efavirenz or nevirapine. Adverse events were recorded as they occurred. Descriptive analyses and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were carried out. …

  15. Adolescents Living with HIV (ALHIV) Toolkit

    This toolkit, created by USAID, AED, and collaborating organizations, provides resources relevant to the treatment, care, and support of adolescents living with HIV worldwide (ALHIV), namely training; treatment literacy and adherence; counseling and disclosure; life skills; prevention and reproductive health; psychosocial support; human rights and advocacy; peer education; adolescent transitioning and research, policy, and promising practices.

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