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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Needs, challenges and opportunities: adolescents and young people living with HIV in Zambia

    The aims of this qualitative study, carried out in 2010, were twofold. The first was to explore and document the psychosocial, sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of adolescents (10-19) living with HIV in Zambia. The second aim was to identify gaps between these needs and existing SRH and HIV-related initiatives and services currently available to young people.

  2. VCT uptake and associated factors among teachers from Harari Administrative Region

    Background: Although HIV/AIDS is affecting most productive segments of the population, the basic education sector which is vital to the creation of human capital is also equally affected. The loss of skilled and experienced teachers due to the problem is increasingly compromising the provision of quality education in most African countries and thus, needs appropriate intervention measures that reverse the current trend. Objectives: To assess the prevalence and determining factors of VCT uptake among teachers of Harari Administrative Region. …

  3. Undiagnosed HIV Infections among Adolescents Seeking Primary Health Care in Zimbabwe

    Mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was extremely common in southern Africa during the 1990s, and a substantial minority of infected infants have survived to reach adolescence undiagnosed. Studies have shown a high prevalence of HIV infection in hospitalized adolescents who have features associated with long-standing HIV infection, including stunting and frequent minor illnesses. Given this reality, the epidemiology of HIV infection at the primary care level is investigated. …

  4. Educational attainment and HIV status among Ethiopian voluntary counseling and testing clients

    We examined the association between HIV infection and educational attainment level among a population of 34,512 voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) clients in Ethiopia, using client data from the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE). Overall, more than 50 percent of the VCT clients report at least secondary level educational attainment, and HIV prevalence is 8.5 percent for men and 14.3 percent for women. …

  5. Good Practice Guide: Greater involvement of people living with HIV (GIPA)

    This guide is one in a series of Good Practice Guides produced by the International HIV/AIDS Alliance. It was developed for programme officers and other people who develop or deliver HIV programmes globally, and especially in the global South. It is intended as a reference guide to support your ongoing work. It provides practical information for programme level staff in organisations responding to HIV and helps define good practice for the meaningful involvement of people living with HIV. The guide is organised with these different needs in mind. …

  6. HIV stops with me. "Positive prevention": Prevention for people living with HIV

    This booklet is a positive prevention end-user guide for people living with HIV. Positive prevention methods aim to increase the self-esteem and confidence of people living with HIV to protect their own health and avoid passing HIV to others. They promote the rights of people to safer sexual relationships, the fulfillment on their reproductive choices and living a full and healthy life. Positive prevention represents a synergy between prevention, treatment, care and support.

  7. Loi N°2005-040 du 20 Février 2006 sur la lutte contre le VIH/SIDA et la protection des droits des personnes vivant avec le VIH/SIDA (Draft) et décret d'application N°2006-902 du 19 Décembre 2006

    Ce document est un pré-version de la loi malgache précisant la réponse au VIH et au SIDA. …

  8. AIDS mitigation initiative to enhance care and support in Bikava, Lubumbashi and Matadi (AMITIE project)

    The AIDS Mitigation Initiative to Enhance Care and Support in Bukavu, Lubumbashi and Matadi (AMITIE) Project was a four-year community-led, cross-sectoral project to reduce transmission and mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in three of Democratic Republic of the Congo's (DRC) major urban centers through sustainable, community-led and multisectoral support to People Living with HIV (PLHIV) and Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC). …

  9. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners in Tanzania

    As part of a two-country study (with Namibia), TAMASHA was contracted by UNESCO to carry out research into the needs of children in school living with HIV and the extent to which their rights and needs were being fulfilled. This research was carried out by interviewing national policy-makers and officials, as well as district officials in Njombe District. Children living with HIV and others affected by AIDS were also interviewed, together with their parents, guardians and teachers, and organizations working with them in Dar-es-Salaam and Njombe District in Iringa Region. …

  10. La stigmatisation et la discrimination des enseignants vivant avec le VIH/SIDA dans les écoles primaires au Rwanda : rapport d'enquête

    Ce rapport d'enquête a pour objectif de favoriser le processus d'intégration sociale des enseignants de l'école primaire vivant avec le VIH/SIDA aussi bien dans leur milieu professionnel que dans la communauté rwandaise en luttant contre leur stigmatisation et leur discrimination. …

  11. Individual- and community-level determinants of social acceptance of people living with HIV in Kenya: results from a national population-based survey

    Using data from the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, we investigated the influence of individual- and community-level factors on accepting attitudes toward people living with HIV (PHLIV) using three outcomes: willingness to care for an infected household member, willingness to buy vegetables from an infected vendor, and willingness to allow an infected female teacher to continue teaching. Multilevel logistic regression models, with individuals at the first level and community variables at the second level, were performed. …

  12. Rising to the Challenge. Health Policy Initiative Helps HIV-positive Teachers Tackle Stigma and Discrimination in Kenya

    While HIV-related stigma is a challenge throughout Kenyan society, it has rendered certain groups particularly vulnerable. Teachers have been acutely stigmatized because of their positions of trust in the society. Teachers living with HIV have been wrongfully dismissed, interdicted (officially barred from performing their teaching duties), or forced to resign their posts because of their status. Recently, this situation has begun to change, in part, due to the efforts of networks of teachers living with and affected by HIV. …

  13. Expanding the role of networks of people living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda: the Networks Model project 2006-2009. USAID project-end report

    This report outlines the background, achievements and lessons learned during the start up, implementation and close out of the Alliance's three-year United States Agency for International Development - funded project, Expanding the Role of Networks of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda (the Networks Model project). The report aims to support learning across the Alliance's programmes and the wider HIV response.

  14. Loi n° 2005-012 portant protection des personnes en matière du VIH/SIDA

    Loi togolaise portant protection des personnes en matière du VIH/SIDA. Divisée en 8 chapitres, elle se construit comme suit: Chapitre 1: Dispositions générales; Chapitre 2, Des mesures de Santé Publique; Chapitre 3, De la prévention, du dépistage et du diagnostic; Chapitre 4, De la recherche clinique; Chapitre 5, De laá protection des PVVIH/SIDA; Chapitre 6, De la protection des personnes vulnérables au VIH/SIDA; Chapitre 7, Des dispositions pénales; Chapitre 8, Des dispositions diverses et finales.

  15. Siyam'kela measuring HIV/AIDS related stigma. Tackling HIV/AIDS stigma: Guidelines for people living with HIV/AIDS who interact with the media

    It is very important to address HIV/AIDS stigma in order to improve the quality of the lives of people living with HIV/AIDS and to address prevention effectively. Powerful negative metaphors related to HIV/AIDS reinforce stigma and create a sense of otherness. Othering occurs when blame and shame are assigned to people living with HIV/AIDS. This sets a moral tone that contributes towards people conceptualising PLHAs as different, and guides thinking toward a "them" and "us" division. …

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