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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. State of world population 2018: the power of choice: reproductive rights and the demographic transition

    The global trend towards smaller families is a reflection of people making reproductive choices to have as few or as many children as they want, when they want. When people lack choice, it can have a long-term impact on fertility rates, often making them higher or lower than what most people desire.

  2. The youth bulge and HIV

    In many sub-Saharan African countries, declines in child mortality combined with a slow decline in fertility have resulted in children and young adults comprising a large part of the overall population. This is known as the youth bulge. The youth bulge is not new. Younger generations have almost always been larger than the previous generation. However, before the twentieth century, high child mortality meant that a large proportion of children did not survive to adulthood. …

  3. The National sexual and reproductive health policy: steering the sexual and reproductive health programme in order to provide optimum services

    The policy is developed as an integral part of the National Development Policy, ‘Vision 2020” and The White Paper on Health Sector Development and Reform of 2002. It also responds to the recommendations of the National Youth and Gender Policies. It provides the guiding principles and appropriate strategies for planning, allocation of resources, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the Sexual and reproductive Health services.

  4. Uganda demographic and health survey 2016: key indicators report

    The main purpose of the 2016 UDHS is to provide the data needed to monitor and evaluate population, health, and nutrition programmes on a regular basis. Increasing emphasis by planners and policy makers on the utilisation of objective indicators for policy formulation, planning, and measuring progress has increased the reliance on regular household survey data, given the inadequate availability of appropriate information from administrative statistics and other routine data-collection systems. …

  5. Kenya Demographic and Health Survey: key indicators 2014

    The 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) is a national sample survey that targeted 40,300 households designed to provide detailed information on aspects of health across Kenya and in each of the 47 counties. The KDHS is conducted every five years. The 2014 KDHS was the sixth survey of its kind to be conducted in Kenya, following those carried out in 1989, 1993, 1998, 2003, and 2008-09, and it is the first KDHS to provide information at the county level. …

  6. Policy guidelines and service standards: sexual and reproductive health

    These service standards and guidelines are intended to assist programme managers and providers to expand and improve the quality of services everywhere in the country. Health administrators as well as all providers – i.e. physicians, nurses, counselors and Family Welfare Educators should use them. …

  7. Innovative uses of communication technology for HIV programming for MSM and TG populations

    This paper is a summary report of a two-day technical consultation whose goal was to provide a forum for key stakeholders in HIV research, programming, implementation, and evaluation to take stock of important developments in the field and develop strategies to improve communication technology for enhanced HIV services. During the meeting, which was co-sponsored by the U.S. …

  8. Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2008-09

    The 2008-09 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) is a nationally representative sample survey of 8,444 women age 15 to 49 and 3,465 men age 15 to 54 selected from 400 sample points (clusters) throughout Kenya. It is designed to provide data to monitor the population and health situation in Kenya as a follow-up to the 1989, 1993, 1998, and 2003 KDHS surveys. The survey utilised a two-stage sample based on the 1999 Population and Housing Census and was designed to produce separate estimates for key indicators for each of the eight provinces in Kenya. …

  9. Workshop report [of the] Integrating Socio-cultural Research into Population and Reproductive Health Programmes, Kathmandu, Nepal, 26 November - 1 December 2001

    The report provides understanding of socio-cultural research (SRC) for programming purposes in the area of population and reproductive health. The first part of the report introduces the concept of SCR and the rationale for its use in population and RH programmes. It identifies social and cultural factors affecting demographic and reproductive health behaviour. The second part of the report focuses on approaches, methods and tools for operationalizing SCR in programmes. …

  10. Why Nigerian adolescents seek abortion rather than contraception: evidence from focus-group discussions

    The need to educate adolescents about the mechanism of action of contraceptive agents and about their side effects in relation to unsafe sex is paramount if contraceptive use is to be improved among Nigerian adolescents.

  11. Gap between preferred and actual birth intervals in Sub-Saharan Africa : implications for fertility and child health

    Gap between preferred and actual birth intervals in Sub-Saharan Africa : implications for fertility and child health

  12. Getting started: HIV/AIDS education in school feeding programmes

    The purpose of this document is to provide clarification for school feeding (SF) focal points and HIV/AIDS focal points on how to integrate HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention education activities into SF programmes. It presents a menu of ideas to do this. Country offices can select the activities appropriate to their needs and circumstances, as well as their capacity to undertake HIV/AIDS initiatives. …

  13. Projecting the impact of AIDS on the education system

    This PowerPoint presentation presented at the Sub-Regional seminar on HIV/AIDs education in Kenya summarizes the impact of HIV/AIDS on the Education System. The 27 slides highlight on population level effects of HIV/AIDS and gives a situational analysis of a country using projection models. Graphical presentations which include population projections of a country with the presence and absence of HIV/AIDS are shown. Also shown on the slides are projection models showing how HIV/AIDS has affected Zambia's economic and financial sector and its impact to the education sector up to the year 2010.

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