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This review focuses on the major factors that drive HIV infection and explores interventions that have demonstrated effectiveness, as well as illustrating important learnings for programme development. Findings inform understanding of sex and sexuality in relation to HIV risk and the potentials for interventions in the Botswana context.
Objective: HIV prevalence trends suggest that the epidemic is stable or declining in many sub-Saharan African countries. However, trends might differ between socioeconomic groups. Educational attainment is a common measure of socioeconomic position in HIV datasets from Africa. Several studies have shown higher HIV prevalence among more educated groups, but this may change over time. We describe changes in HIV prevalence by educational attainment in Tanzania from 2003 to 2007. …
This article focuses on the correlation between HIV infection and the level of education, the latter being a good proxy indicator for a person's overall socio-economic status. If the hypothesis holds true that, beyond the initial stage of the AIDS pandemic, education reduces the risk of HIV infection, then the new HIV infections will gradually become concentrated among illiterate and poor people as the epidemic spreads among the population.