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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Marital and fertility decision-making. The lived experiences of adolescents and young married couples in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India

    This report presents findings from a qualitative sub-study exploring adolescent girls and young couples’ experiences of marital and fertility decision-making in two southern Indian states (Andhra Pradesh and Telangana). Andhra Pradesh and Telangana are among the top states reporting high adolescent fertility: 12 and 11 per cent of young women age 15-19 in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, respectively, were already mothers or pregnant when surveyed in 2015/16. …

  2. Population Brief

    Articles from this issue : Making sexuality and HIV education programs more effective | Reducing adolescent girls’ vulnerability to sexual violence in sub-Saharan Africa | Developing a highly acceptable contraceptive vaginal ring | Creating a database of HIV prevention clinical trial terminology and translations.

  3. Sexual and reproductive health and rights of adolescent girls: Evidence from low- and middle-income countries

    This paper reviews the evidence on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of adolescent girls in low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC) in light of the policy and programme commitments made at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), analyses progress since 1994, and maps challenges in and opportunities for protecting their health and human rights. …

  4. A novel economic intervention to reduce HIV risks among school-going AIDS orphans in rural Uganda

    This study tested an economic intervention to reduce HIV risks among AIDS-orphaned adolescents. Adolescents (n = 96) were randomly assigned to receive the intervention or usual care for orphans in Uganda. All adolescents in the study received usual care for AIDS orphans in Uganda, which included peer counseling, health education, and scholastic materials. In addition, experimental adolescents received a family economic intervention, which included a Child/Youth Development Account (CDA) and six 2-hour classes on career planning, career goals, microfinance, and financial well-being. …

  5. HIV prevention for South African youth: which interventions work? A systematic review of current evidence

    South Africa's HIV prevalence among 15-24 year olds is one of the highest in the world. This systematic review looks at the evidence for youth HIV prevention in the country since 2000 and critically assesses interventions across four domains: study design and outcomes; intervention design; thematic focus and HIV causal pathways; and intervention delivery. Eight interventions were included in the review, all similar regarding content and objectives, but with variouis thematic foci, causal pathways, theoretical bases, delivery methods, intensity and duration. …

  6. Programa integral de promoción de la salud sexual y reproductiva y prevencion del VIH/SIDA en mujeres, adolescentes y jóvenes pobres del Gran Buenos Aires: Informe Final

    Este documento presenta el desarrollo y los resultados obtenidos mediante una estrategia integral orientada a la promoción de la salud sexual y reproductiva y la prevención del VIH/Sida y otras ITS en mujeres en edad fértil (25-49 años) y sus parejas, adolescentes y jóvenes de ambos sexos (14-24 años) residentes en zonas de bajos recursos. Se trabajó en tres municipios del Conurbano Bonaerense, a partir de vínculos previamente establecidos con diversos actores locales, tanto del sector público como de la misma comunidad. …

  7. The multiple faces of the intersections between HIV and violence against women

    Violence against women (VAW) and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) represent two profound problems for development and health. Development Connections, with the support of the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), is implementing an initiative focused on strengthening capacities to further this goal through: a) the creation of a community of practices on the integration of VAW and HIV policies and programs, and b) the design of a manual including the scientific evidence available, best practices and tools for the integration of policies and programs. …

  8. Children having children. State of the World's Mothers 2004

    The report focuses on girls around the world who marry and have babies while they are still children themselves, resulting in maternal and child mortalities and for those who survive, a struggle to overcome poor health, limited education, and grinding poverty. The report recommends ways to help girls delay marriage and motherhood until they are emotionally and physically ready to give birth and raise children and suggests programmatic and policy solutions to help child mothers and their babies survive and thrive. …

  9. Study on knowledge, attitude and behaviour towards HIV/AIDS in the vocational training sector

    The research on Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour towards HIV/AIDS in the Vocational Training Sector was carried out from January to March 2005. The research was commissioned by the Botswana Training Authority (BOTA) and conducted by Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis (BIDPA) on behalf of BOTA. …

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