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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Accessing the ‘right’ kinds of material and symbolic capital: the role of cash transfers in reducing adolescent school absence and risky behaviour in South Africa

    This article investigates how well South Africa’s Child Support Grant (CSG) responds to the material and psychosocial needs of adolescents, and the resultant effects on schooling and risky behaviour. One driver of schooling decisions is shame related to poverty and the ‘social cost’ of school, where a premium must often be paid for fashionable clothes or accessories. The other driver relates to symbolic and consumptive capital gained through engaging in sexual exchange relationships. The anticipated impacts from the CSG are partial because of these non-material drivers of adolescent choices. …

  2. Leave no one behind: gender, sexuality and the sustainable development goals: evidence report

    In an unprecedented move to eradicate disease, poverty and hunger, world leaders joined together in 2000 to sign into life the hotly contested but broadly agreed upon Millennium Development Goal (MDG) framework. In 2015, as the MDGs come to an end, a new generation of world leaders – government officials, donors and civil society organisations – have joined forces to articulate their vision for a future where all people can contribute to, and benefit from, an inclusive development framework. …

  3. Code of good practice on key aspects of HIV/AIDS and employment. Department of Labour, Employment Equity Act, Act No. 55 of 1998

    The Code’s primary objective is to set out guidelines for employers and trade unions to implement so as to ensure individuals with HIV infection are not unfairly discriminated against in the workplace. This includes provisions regarding: creating a non-discriminatory work environment; dealing with HIV testing, confidentiality and disclosure; providing equitable employee benefits; dealing with dismissals; and managing grievance procedures.

  4. Reporting from within. HIV and AIDS in the South Caucasus: a manual for journalists

    In Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia a general lack of HIV and AIDS coverage currently exists while HIV rates are rising throughout the broader region. What's more, the very complicated issues associated to HIV and AIDS have by some accounts created a greater need for specialist health reporters. The combination of these dilemmas in the South Caucasus requires an increase of coverage with a more thoughtful approach to reporting. …

  5. Keeping the Promise: AIDS Foundation East-West (AFEW) Annual Report 2009

    This is the annual report 2009 of AFEW, the NGO working with some of the poorest and most vulnerable people in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to adress one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics in the world.

  6. Suggested Input to 2010 GMR from UNAIDS IATT on Education

    The UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education has established a working group to support the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS issues in the Education for All Global Monitoring Report (GMR) with the objective of enhancing the profile of the role of education in preventing HIV and in building capacity to respond to the worse impacts of the epidemic. This document was prepared and submitted to the GMR Team to inform the 2010 GMR which is on Reaching and Teaching the Most Marginalised. …

  7. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS related stigma. Examining HIV/AIDS stigma in selected South African media: January - March 2003. A summary

    The aim of the media scan - which is the focus of this report - is to provide a context for the Siyam'kela fieldwork, so that the reader has a snapshot view of how HIV/AIDS was portrayed in the popular television, radio and print media in South Africa at the time that the field research was undertaken. This report provides an executive summary of the process and findings of the media scan conducted between January and March 2003.

  8. Development implications of HIV/AIDS, the case of AIDS orphans and caregivers in Addis Ababa

    Children orphaned due to HIV/AIDS are those with broken families, beyond their control they are vulnerable to various kinds of survival and human rights problems. Their problems are so complex, multi-dimensional and very serious and have been increasing in the sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia, as one of SSA country, is most seriously affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic with the estimated number of AIDS orphans between 720,000 to 1,200,000 while this number, in the study area is estimated to be about 20,000 to 30,000. …

  9. National gender policy plan on HIV and AIDS 2006-2010

    Papua New Guinea's National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP) recognised that gender is a key factor shaping both the epidemic and the national response to it. To ensure that the gender dimensions of the epidemic receive sufficient attention, the National AIDS Council (NAC) commissioned this National Gender Policy and Plan on HIV and AIDS (NGP). It is based on extensive consultations and research carried out between 2004 and 2006, including a gender audit of the NSP and a gender impact evaluation of the activities of the National HIV/AIDS Support Project (NHASP). …

  10. Framework for the protection, care and support of children affected by HIV/AIDS

    The Regional Strategic Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Children Affected by HIV/AIDS provides guidance to the eight member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) on a consistent approach across South Asia to the protection, care and support of children affected by HIV/AIDS. The regional framework promotes a universal approach to ensure children affected by HIV/AIDS have access to the same public and social support systems which are available to other children, rather than being separated or singled out. …

  11. The education sectors' responses to the needs and vulnerabilities of children affected by HIV/AIDS

    Education is a crucial factor in the development of a child. In the light of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, education has become even more vital. The paradox, nevertheless, is that the pandemic has constrained school attendance, as well as school performance. The purpose of this study was to establish to what extent primary school-aged children affected by HIV/AIDS (CABA) are educationally affected, as well as to find out how the education sector is responding to the problems CABA face. …

  12. Enhanced protection for children affected by AIDS: a companion paper to The Framework for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS

    This publication serves as a companion paper to The Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS. It discusses the protection issues facing children globally, outlining the priority actions needed to reduce their vulnerability. Like The Framework, the publication has been widely endorsed by international and non-governmental partners. …

  13. Child protection and children affected by AIDS. A companion paper to The framework for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS.

    Many international and non-governmental organizations have endorsed The Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS (The Framework), which outlines key strategies and actions. In October 2005, the Unite for Children. Unite against AIDS global campaign was launched. Among the central goals of the campaign is the protection, care and support of children affected by AIDS. …

  14. Addressing the educational needs of orphans and vulnerable children

    This paper was developed by the working group on education and HIV/AIDS and summarises issues raised from a meeting in London on 10 December 2003. The paper describes the educational disadvantage faced by OVC's. It goes on to look at educational responses with a specific focus on three: open and distance learning; school feeding schemes; and the index for inclusion.

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