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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Status report on the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents living in urban slums in Kenya

    Young people face numerous health challenges during their transition to adulthood. These challenges include, among others, limited access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and services. Unmet SRH needs among adolescents may contribute to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and unintended pregnancies. Adolescent pregnancies are associated with several adverse outcomes, such as miscarriage, unsafe abortion, obstructed labor, and other complications, which can result in long-term morbidity and even death. …

  2. The effect of educational attainment and other factors on HIV risk in South African women: results from antenatal surveillance, 2000-2005

    Objectives: To assess the effect of educational attainment and other factors on the risk of HIV in pregnant South African women. Design: Repeated cross-sectional surveys. Methods: Pregnant women attending public antenatal clinics were tested for HIV annually between 2000 and 2005, and provided demographic information. Logistic regression models were applied separately to the data collected in each year, to identify factors associated with HIV infection. Data from all years were combined in a logistic regression model that tested for trends in HIV prevalence. …

  3. Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS. Gateways to integration: a case study from Swaziland

    This document is in three parts. It first discusses the 4 prongs for the elimination of HIV infection among children; in other words, the 4 prongs of PMTCT. The 4 prongs are: (1) preventing unintended pregnancies among women living with HIV, (2) preventing new HIV infections, (3) safer infant feedings, and (4) treatment. This document focuses primarily on the first 2 prongs and how PMTCT is critical because the impact of keeping children alive will be lost if their mothers are not also kept alive. …

  4. Como prevenir a Transmissão vertical do HIV e da Sífilis em Seu Município - Guia para Profissionais da Saúde

    O Pacto pela Saúde, aprovado pelo Conselho Nacional de Saúde em fevereiro de 2006, fortalece a gestão compartilhada entre os diversos níveis de governo, cabendo aos estados e municípios o desenvolvimento de ações necessárias para o cumprimento das metas, de acordo com a realidade local, de maneira que as prioridades estaduais e municipais também possam ser agregadas à agenda nacional. Um dos três eixos do Pacto pela Saúde é o Pacto pela Vida e, entre as prioridades básicas enumeradas, está a redução da mortalidade materna e infantil. …

  5. Bate Papo - Dicas de prevenção á DST/AIDS

    Esta banda desenhada faz parte de uma colecçao que foi elaborada pelo Programa Municipal de DST/AIDS de Cubatao no Brasil. O material que é totalmente colorido e destinado a crianças e adolescentes, mete em cena sete jovens à procura de informaçoes sobre o HIV/SIDA. Neste numero, os jovens fazem perguntas a um médico por intermédio da internet. As perguntas sao acerca das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis, os meios de transmissao e o exame do HIV/SIDA.

  6. Counselling and voluntary HIV testing for pregnant women in high HIV prevalence countries: elements and issues

    Ce document donne des orientations en matière de conseil et de dépistage volontaire du VIH. D'abord, il donne un aperçu de l'ampleur du problème de la transmission mère-enfant. Ensuite, il revient sur les avantages des services de conseil et de dépistage volontaire du VIH dans le contexte de la grossesse, puis traite du contenu des services de conseil. Enfin, il examine les questions d'ordre opérationnel et les difficultés potentielles liées à la mise en place et à la conduite de ce type de services.

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