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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. I felt like the world was falling down on me. Adolescent girls’ sexual and reproductive health and rights in the Dominican Republic

    Adolescent girls in the Dominican Republic are being denied their sexual and reproductive rights, including access to safe abortion. “I Felt Like the World Was Falling Down on Me” documents how authorities have stalled the rollout of a long-awaited sexuality education program, leaving hundreds of thousands of adolescent girls and boys without scientifically accurate information about their health. The country has the highest teen pregnancy rate in Latin America and the Caribbean, according to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). …

  2. Norma técnica de atención integral en salud sexual y salud reproductiva para personas con discapacidad

    El Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia, a través del Ministerio de Salud, genera políticas integrales de salud y adopta medidas para mejorar la cobertura de los servicios de salud a nivel nacional y para proteger a la población boliviana, incluyendo medidas de prevención, promoción, atención y rehabilitación. En este contexto se está trabajando en cuanto a políticas de salud sexual y salud reproductiva para Personas con Discapacidad. Cabe señalar que esta población ha sido históricamente excluida de los diferentes programas de Salud Sexual y Reproductiva. …

  3. Guías en salud sexual y reproductiva: manual para la atención a la mujer en el proceso de embarazo, parto y puerperio

    El objetivo de este manual es brindar herramientas a los equipos de salud, para la atención integral de la mujer durante el proceso del embarazo, trabajo de parto, parto y puerperio, y así garantizar los mejores resultados para su salud y la del recién nacido. A su vez, se incluyen referencias a prácticas habituales que no están recomendadas y deben ser abandonadas.

  4. Invited commentary: Broadening the evidence for adolescent sexual and reproductive health and education in the United States

    Scientific research has made major contributions to adolescent health by providing insights into factors that influence it and by defining ways to improve it. However, US adolescent sexual and reproductive health policies-particularly sexuality health education policies and programs-have not benefited from the full scope of scientific understanding. From 1998 to 2009, federal funding for sexuality education focused almost exclusively on ineffective and scientifically inaccurate abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) programs. …

  5. Prevalence of pattern of risky behaviors for reproductive and sexual health among middle- and high-school students

    This research aimed to establish the prevalence and factors associated with the pattern of risky behavior for reproductive and sexual health (PRBRSH) among secondary education students in Santa Marta, Colombia. A cross-sectional study was done. The PRBRSH was defined as having had two or more out of four possible risky sexual practices across the lifetime. Logistic regression was calculated to control for confounding variables. In total, 804 students reported lifetime sexual intercourse. PRBRSH was reported by 36.1% of the sample. …

  6. Guía para el manejo y seguimiento de la mujer embarazada positiva al VIH o con SIDA

    La presente guía de manejo y seguimiento de la mujer embarazada VIH positiva o con SIDA tiene como objetivo estandarizar el manejo durante el embarazo, parto, puerperio y recién nacido/a de madre VIH positiva, con el fin de disminuir la transmisión madre/hijo/a y a preservar la vida de la madre.

  7. Educación Sexual Integral para la Educación primaria: Contenidos y propuestas para el aula

    Este documento consiste en materiales de apoyo para la tarea en las escuelas primaria y busca acompañar el proceso de implementación de los nuevos lineamientos curriculares en las distintas jurisdicciones del país. …

  8. Educación Sexual Integral para la Educación inicial: Contenidos y propuestas para las salas

    Este documento consiste en materiales de apoyo para la tarea en los Jardines de Infantes y busca acompañar el proceso de implementación de los nuevos lineamientos curriculares en las distintas jurisdicciones del país. …

  9. Illusions of Care. Lack of Accountability for Reproductive Rights in Argentina

    This 52-page report documents the many obstacles women and girls face in getting the reproductive health care services to which they are entitled, such as contraception, voluntary sterilization procedures, and abortion after rape. The most common barriers to care include long delays in providing services, unnecessary referrals to other clinics, demands for spousal permission contrary to law, financial barriers, and in some cases outright denial of care.

  10. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health programs in humanitarian settings: an in-depth look at family planning services

    This report summarizes findings and recommendations of a year-long exercise undertaken by the Women’s Refugee Commission and Save the Children - in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) to map existing adolescent sexual and reproductive health programs and document good practices. The work was accomplished through a practitioner survey and humanitarian funding analyses; key informant interviews; and collection of good practice case studies.

  11. Programas de Salud y Género. Mujeres con VIH/SIDA

    La proliferación de trabajos biológicos sobre el proceso del VIH/Sida contrasta con el abordaje de la problemática desde la experiencia de los que lo viven. De entre los involucrados, la mujer se vio implicada desde el comienzo como una de las poblaciones de riesgo de contagiar y de enfermarse. …

  12. Addressing sexual health and HIV in school. Four initiatives from sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America

    This publication describes three German-supported initiatives in Africa (specifically in Guinea, Mozambique and Tanzania) and one in Latin America (a six-country regional initiative). All integrate sexual health and HIV prevention within school systems. The three African initiatives operate within generalized epidemics driven largely by unprotected sex between men and women. In Latin America general prevalence in the countries described here is well below one percent, and much less among young people. …

  13. Sexualidade de mulheres vivendo com HIV/AIDS em São Paulo

    O artigo apresenta um estudo realizado com 1.068 mulheres soropositivas. Os questionários elaborados visavam descrever os aspectos da vida sexual e reprodutiva das entrevistadas, bem como a maneira como elas percebiem o aconselhamento nesta área fornecido pelos Centros de Referências. Constatou-se que o conhecimento sobra a transmissão materno-infantil é reduzido, e as entrevistadas também se referiram ao pocuo espaço e acolhimento para discutir sexualidade, emáespecial suas intenções reprodutivas. …

  14. Aids e gravidez: os sentidos do risco e o desafio do cuidado

    "Aids e gravidez: os sentidos do risco e o desafio do cuidado", a partir de uma estudo qualitativo com depoentes soropositos e seus parceiros, busca compreender como o risco da transmissão vertical do HIV é apreendido e reconstruído pelas pessoas vivendo com HIV/Aids no momento de suas decisões reprodutivas. Dentre os resultados apontados, destaca-se o fato de que as questões reprodutivas não sâo explicitadas no espaço dos serviços de saúde. …

  15. Executive Summary: Sexual risk and protective factors. Factors affecting teen sexual behavior, pregnancy, childbearing and sexually transmitted disease: What are important? Which can you change?

    Executive Summary: Sexual Risk and Protective Factors. Factors Affecting Teen Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy, Childbearing And Sexually Transmitted Disease: What Are Important? Which Can You Change? is a document part of the project of the United States National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. It addresses two main primary questions: 1) what factors influence adolescents' decisions about sex? And 2) Which of these factors can be altered? By identifying and targeting those factors it tries to provide information to reduce sexual risk-taking.

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