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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Family life and HIV/AIDS education (FLHE) in schools in Enugu State: Baseline study of reproductive health issues among in-school adolescents in Enugu State

    Family Life and HIV/AIDS Education (FLHE) in Schools in Enugu State: Baseline Study of Reproductive Health Issues among In-School Adolescents in Enugu State is a research article written in 2009. It refers to a studies made on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) knowledge and practices among junior secondary school grades 1 and 3 students Enugu State, preparatory to incorporating family life and HIV/AIDS education (FLHE) into the school curricula in the state. Results show that over 90% of the respondents were regularly involved in sexual activities. …

  2. Educational access and HIV prevention: Making the case for education as a health priority in sub-Saharan Africa

    There is much evidence showing an association between sexual behavior and both attendance and attainment. Experimental evidence that school attendance leads to safer sexual behavior is currently under review. Studies suggest several pathways through which sexual behavior, and consequently the risk of HIV infection, may be influenced by schooling. Students attending school have a smaller sexual network and a stronger motivation to avoid the consequences of unprotected sex - both pregnancy and HIV infection - than their out-of-school peers.

  3. Finding our voices. Gender and sexual identities and HIV/AIDS in education

    Of the 8,600,000 young people living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, 67 percent are young women and 33 percent are young men (Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunity in Crisis, UNICEF, UNAIDS, WHO, 2001). The Girls' Education Programme recognises 'gender' as the features associated in specific cultures with masculinity and femininity, and acknowledges that not all societies and cultures share the same ideas of what it means to be male or female. …

  4. The voices of young Kenyans. Gender and sexual identities and HIV/AIDS in education

    The purpose of the study was to provide information on the gendered and sexual identities of boys and girls, the influence of these identities on their sexual behaviour, and the status of HIV/AIDS education and life skills materials in Kenya's primary schools. The information gathered will feed into AGEI programmes and HIV/AIDS projects in several sectors, particularly those concerned with improving and strengthening AIDS education in Kenyan schools. The study was conducted in two districts: Garissa in Kenya's remote North Eastern Province, and the capital city Nairobi. …

  5. Factors influencing access and retention in primary schooling for children and young people affected by HIV and AIDS: Case studies from rural Malawi

    This report presents findings from the second phase of the SOFIE research project. The research focuses on young people affected by HIV and AIDS and aims to improve their access to learning and increase retention through the use of ODFL strategies that complement and enrich conventional schooling.

  6. Nonconsensual sex among youth: youth programs need to consider patterns of coerced sex when addressing reproductive health, HIV prevention, and other needs

    The fact sheet suggests that programmes need to consider patterns and consequences of coerced sex when addressing reproductive health, HIV prevention, and other needs of young people.

  7. Programming for HIV prevention among college students in Thailand : research summary

    The Thai Ministry of Education, the Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH), and the Horizons Program embarked on a study to examine the outcomes of a school-based HIV/AIDS programme called "Teens on Smart Sex" for Thai college students. The programme, developed by PATH in cooperation with the Thai Ministry of Education, is based on the Theory of Reasoned Action Behavior Change model, which posits that young people must first learn and practice behaviours in order to successfully use them at the appropriate time. …

  8. Protecting the next generation in sub-saharan Africa: learning from adolescents to prevent HIV and unintended pregnancy

    This report presents key findings from nationally representative surveys conducted in 2004 among 12-19-year-olds in four African countries-Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi and Uganda-with the goal of guiding programs, policies and investments aimed at improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health. It is based on research conducted as part of a multiyear project, called Protecting the Next Generation: Understanding HIV Risk Among Youth. …

  9. Impact of sex and HIV education programs on sexual behaviors of youth in developing and developed countries

    Sex and HIV education programs that are based on a written curriculum and that are implemented among groups of youth in school, clinic, or community settings are a promising type of intervention to reduce adolescent sexual risk behaviors. This paper summarizes a review of 83 evaluations of such programs in developing and developed countries. The programs typically focused on pregnancy or HIV/STI prevention behaviors, not on broader issues of sexuality such as developmental stages, gender roles, or romantic relationships. …

  10. Changing the picture: youth, gender and HIV/AIDS prevention campaigns in South Africa

    This document points out the apparent connection between gender-based violence and the high incidence of AIDS. Although it is difficult to obtain completely accurate data, there are many cases of pregnancies, STDs and HIV/AIDS in schools and among young women. There is a danger of prevention programme campaigns targeting youth that presuppose an equality between the sexes.

  11. Counselling and HIV/AIDS

    HIV counseling is an important component of HIV/AIDS prevention. Evaluations from Uganda and Rwanda demonstrated this. Yet, there is a reluctance among some decision-makers and service managers to give HIV counseling its proper due as a discipline through which trained practitioners can produce measurable useful results. It is under-resourced and not fully appreciated.

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