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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National guidelines for the management of HIV and AIDS

    This edition covers Adult and Paediatric HIV and AIDS management; Nutrition; Management of Opportunistic Infections; Home Based Care and the Continuum of Care; and Counselling for HIV Testing as well as ART adherence. Other areas covered include: health facility certification, standard precautions in care settings and laboratory services, post exposure prophylaxis, as well as ARV logistics and dosages.

  2. National guidelines for the management of HIV and AIDS

    This edition covers key areas of Adult and Paediatric HIV and AIDS management; Nutrition; Management of Opportunistic Infections; Home Based Care and the Continuum of Care; Counselling for HIV Testing, as well as, ART adherence. Other areas covered include, standard precautions in care settings and laboratory services, post exposure prophylaxis, as well as, ARV logistics and dosages. There is also an emphasis on Positive Health, Prevention and Dignity, a strategy that is meant to support PLHIV, so as to have a holistic care approach. …

  3. Building the assets to thrive: Addressing the HIV-related vulnerabilities of adolescent girls in Ethiopia

    Reaching vulnerable adolescent girls with information and connecting them to services are not straightforward tasks. Poor girls in Ethiopia have few opportunities to access public institutions such as youth or community centers, health services, financial institutions, and schools. They may not know that they have a right to these services, and service delivery staff might not welcome them. …

  4. HIV and AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa

    (June 2014) Around 270,000 people were living with HIV in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) as of the end of 2012, according to the Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS (UNAIDS). This translates to an overall HIV prevalence of 0.1 percent among adults ages 15 to 49, one of the lowest rates in the world. But other statistics tell a different story. Between 2001 and 2012, the number of new infections in MENA grew by 52 percent—the most rapid increase in HIV among world regions. …

  5. Guía para el manejo y seguimiento de la mujer embarazada positiva al VIH o con SIDA

    La presente guía de manejo y seguimiento de la mujer embarazada VIH positiva o con SIDA tiene como objetivo estandarizar el manejo durante el embarazo, parto, puerperio y recién nacido/a de madre VIH positiva, con el fin de disminuir la transmisión madre/hijo/a y a preservar la vida de la madre.

  6. Relative Risks and the Market for Sex: Teenagers, Sugar Daddies and HIV in Kenya

    An information campaign that provided Kenyan teenagers in randomly selected schools with the information that HIV prevalence was much higher among adult men and their partners than among teenage boys led to a 65% decrease in the incidence of pregnancies by adult partners among teenage girls in the treatment group relative to the comparison. This suggests a large reduction in the incidence of unprotected cross-generational sex. The information campaign did not increase pregnancies among teenage couples. …

  7. Répertoire national des études sur le VIH-SIDA au Togo : 2001-2011

    Au Togo, comme la plupart des pays en Afrique subsaharienne, plusieurs études et enquêtes ont été réalisées afin de documenter plusieurs aspects de l’épidémie du VIH/SIDA (étude de séroprévalence, études comportementales, études portant sur les aspects médicaux et sur les résistances). Ces études ne sont pas toujours accessibles pour les acteurs et institutions engagés dans la lutte contre le SIDA et encore moins pour le grand public. …

  8. PMTCT (Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission) Participant Manual

    The Fiji, Vanuatu, Kiribati and Solomon Islands PMTCT Training Package is based largely on the 2007 update of the PMTCT Generic Training Package (GTP) that was developed under the direction of the World Health Organization and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for adaptation by countries and regions across the globe. This PMTCT Training Package is expected to play a key role in accelerating the scale up of PMTCT services in the Pacific region through training of healthcare workers to implement appropriate, quality services for PMTCT.

  9. Previous reproductive history and post-natal family planning among HIV-infected women in Ukraine

    This document describes post-natal family planning practices among HIV-positive childbearing women in Ukraine.

  10. Making the case for interventions linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV in proposals to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

    This document is designed to provide support for those who are writing HIV-related proposals to be submitted to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund). It focuses upon specific sexual and reproductive health interventions that build upon successes and make good programmes even better through a holistic approach to HIV. This approach provides opportunities to reduce unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, as well as maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. …

  11. Como prevenir a Transmissão vertical do HIV e da Sífilis em Seu Município - Guia para Profissionais da Saúde

    O Pacto pela Saúde, aprovado pelo Conselho Nacional de Saúde em fevereiro de 2006, fortalece a gestão compartilhada entre os diversos níveis de governo, cabendo aos estados e municípios o desenvolvimento de ações necessárias para o cumprimento das metas, de acordo com a realidade local, de maneira que as prioridades estaduais e municipais também possam ser agregadas à agenda nacional. Um dos três eixos do Pacto pela Saúde é o Pacto pela Vida e, entre as prioridades básicas enumeradas, está a redução da mortalidade materna e infantil. …

  12. Sem Direito de Amar? A Vontade de Ter Filhos entre Homens (e Mulheres) Vivendo com o HIV

    O presente artigo apresenta os resultados de uma pesquisa com 250 homens portadores do HIV com vida sexualmente ativa em relaçâo ao cuidado com a sua saúde reprodutiva em centros de referência de Aids, comparando-os com estudos realizados com mulheres portadoras. Apesar das conquistas queápermitem a paternidade sem infecção da parceira e da criança, os resultados indicam pouco acolhimento, mesmo nos centros de excelência pesquisados. …

  13. Protocolo para a prevenção de transmissão vertical de HIV e sífilis

    Diante do desafio ainda representado pela transmissão vertical do HIV e da sífilis na saúde pública do Brasil, a despeito dos avanços obtidos neste domínio. …

  14. Información Salud

    Documento con información general sobre VIH/sida. Incluye la declaración de la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas (UNGASS) sobre VIH/sida yáel discurso del ministro de salud de Argentina dr. Ginés González. También contiene información general sobre prevención y cuestionarios sobre VIH/sida, además de información sobre derechos de las personas que viven con VIH, homofobia, embarazo y VIH/sida en niños y jóvenes. También incluye el marco legal que protege los derechos de las personas que viven con VIH.

  15. Women and girls confronting HIV and AIDS in Malaysia

    This report grows out of the shared belief that there must be a response to the impeding HIV crisis confronting women and girls in Malaysia. The increasingly feminised nature of the HIV epidemic in the country has been linked to issues affecting women's ability to control and decide issues relating to sex. Whether as injecting drug users, housewives, migrant workers, professionals, refugees or sex workers, women and girls experience HIV and AIDS differently compared to men and boys. Their risks and vulnerabilities to HIV require a gendered response. …

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