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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The fifth South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2017 (SABSSM V)

    The Fifth South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence, Behaviour and Communication Survey, (SABSSM V), a population-based cross-sectional survey of households in South Africa, was designed to assess the prevalence and trends of key HIV–related indicators. The survey was conducted between January and December 2017 by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) and provides information on national and sub-national progress toward HIV epidemic control in the country. This report summarizes the HIV epidemic and impact of South Africa’s national HIV response.

  2. Factors associated with HIV infection among sexually experienced adolescents in Africa: a pooled data analysis

    The article examines the factors associated with HIV status among adolescents aged 15–19 years in 13 African countries. The data were derived from demographic and health surveys or AIDS indicator surveys conducted between 2004 and 2009. The levels of HIV prevalence among adolescents varied considerably across the countries. There was significantly higher HIV prevalence among female adolescents as compared with their male counterparts. For male adolescents, circumcision was the only variable significantly associated with HIV status. …

  3. HIV/AIDS in Nigeria: overview of the epidemic

    This document provides key indicators on HIV and AIDS in Nigeria.

  4. The impact of HIV and AIDS in Cameroon through 2020

    This booklet was the result of collaboration among staff of the National AIDS Control Committee, Central Technical Group (CNLS/GTC); the USAID Health Policy Initiative, Task Order 1; and the Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS (UNAIDS). This booklet was prepared with estimates and projections generated by CNLS/GTC staff, using the AIDS Impact Model.

  5. Spatial modeling of HIV prevalence in Kenya

    A clear understanding of geographic distribution of HIV-infected people and maintaining up-to-date lists and locations of facilities providing HIV-related services are essential for monitoring the epidemic and for providing treatment, care, and support services to the infected and their families. In this study, we model and map human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence in Kenya in relation to its spatial and behavioral determinants, using data from the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). …

  6. Botswana AIDS Impact Survey III (BAIS III) 2008: stats brief preliminary results

    The 2008 Botswana AIDS Impact Survey III (BAIS III) data yielded a national HIV prevalence rate of 17.6 percent; the gender disparity disfavours females with 20.4 percent while males had 14.2. Residentially, Urban Villages have become the least infected (16.6 percent) while Towns remain the most infected at 22.1 percent. Incidence rate for the country was at 2.9 percent, and that of males and females were 2.3 and 3.5 percent respectively. This Stats Brief documents some of the BAIS III, 2008, results. Data collection was undertaken from the 15th July to 22 October 2008. …

  7. An In-Depth Analysis of HIV Prevalence in Ghana: Further Analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys Data

    This report presents findings from a further analysis study undertaken as part of the follow-up to the 2003 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS). ORC Macro provided technical assistance for the project. Funding was provided by the USAID. This report is part of the MEASURE DHS program, which is designed to collect, analyze, and disseminate data on fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, nutrition, and HIV/AIDS. …

  8. Demographic and socioeconomic patterns of HIV/AIDS prevalence in Africa

    Understanding the demographic and socioeconomic patterns of the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa is crucial for developing programs and policies to combat HIV/AIDS. This paper looks critically at the methods and analytical challenges to study the links between socioeconomic and demographic status and HIV/AIDS. Some of the misconceptions about the HIV/AIDS epidemic are discussed and unusual empirical evidence from the existing body of work is presented. Several important messages emerge from the results. …

  9. Enquête sur les indicateurs du Sida. Côte d'Ivoire 2005

    L'Enquête sur les indicateurs du Sida en Côte d'Ivoire (EIS-CI) réalisée en 2005 est une enquête par sondage, représentative au niveau national, au niveau des dix anciennes régions administratives du pays et de la ville d'Abidjan. Commanditée par le Ministère de la Lutte contre le Sida, elle a été conduite par l'Institut National de la Statistique en collaboration avec le projet RETRO-CI pour la sérologie. …

  10. Review of progress and expenditure on the comprehensive plan for HIV and AIDS for South Africa

    In light of the HIV and AIDS situation in the Sub-Saharan Africa, and South Africa in particular, there is an urgent need for governments to roll out the anti-retroviral (ARV) drugs to people living with HIV and AIDS. The South African government is obliged to strengthen its HIV and AIDS interventions for the majority of citizens accessing health services in the public sector. The South African government must as a matter of urgency develop and utilise effective monitoring and evaluating systems to validate the effectiveness and efficiency of its responses to the epidemic. …

  11. The HIV and AIDS epidemic in Zimbabwe: Where are we now? Where are we going? Background, projections, impacts, strategic response

    This document provides background to the epidemic, gives consideration to the social and economic impacts of the epidemic, looks at the national strategic response and makes projections about the epidemic under certain assumptions. It will be accompanied by a series of policy briefs that look at different programmatic interventions.

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