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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice towards VCT, among Jimma teachers training college students, Jimma town Oromia region, Southwestern Ethiopia, 2014

    HIV/AIDS is a disease of the human immune system caused by infection with human immune deficiency virus (HIV).According to Ministry of Health, in Ethiopia the highest prevalence of HIV is seen in the age group 15-24 years. VCT is internationally acknowledged as essential strategic for HIV prevention and also entry point to AIDS care.Voluntary counseling and testing is vitally important and one of the national strategy to control HIV/AIDS epidemics especially among young adults. …

  2. Plan national multisectoriel de lutte contre le VIH, le Sida et les IST (PNM) année 2014

    Le Plan national multisectoriel de lutte contre le VIH, le Sida et les IST (PNM) est le document d’orientation opérationnel de la réponse nationale au VIH au cours de l’année. Les priorités à mettre en oeuvre au cours de l’année 2014 sont reparties en fonction des cinq (5) axes stratégiques définis dans le CSLS 2011-2015 et qui constituent les domaines programmatiques des interventions. Pour chaque axe stratégique, il a été déterminé les effets, les résultats attendus et les Domaines d’actions prioritaires (DAP) qui permettent de formuler les activités à réaliser.

  3. Plan national multisectoriel de lutte contre le VIH, le Sida et les IST (PNM) année 2013

    Le Plan national multisectoriel (PNM) est le document d’orientation opérationnel de la réponse nationale au VIH au cours de l’année. Le PNM 2013 est extrait du Plan d’opérationnalisation triennal glissant du CSLS 2011-2015. Il est élaboré en tenant compte des résultats obtenus de la mise en oeuvre du PNM 2012. Il décrit les priorités programmatiques et les mécanismes de mise en oeuvre des interventions multisectorielles de l’année 2013. …

  4. Status report on the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents living in urban slums in Kenya

    Young people face numerous health challenges during their transition to adulthood. These challenges include, among others, limited access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and services. Unmet SRH needs among adolescents may contribute to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and unintended pregnancies. Adolescent pregnancies are associated with several adverse outcomes, such as miscarriage, unsafe abortion, obstructed labor, and other complications, which can result in long-term morbidity and even death. …

  5. Parents' perceptions of HIV counselling and testing in schools: ethical, legal and social implications

    In view of the high prevalence of HIV and AIDS in South Africa, particularly among adolescents, the Departments of Health and Education have proposed a school-based HIV counselling and testing (HCT) campaign to reduce HIV infections and sexual risk behaviour. Through the use of semi-structured interviews, our qualitative study explored perceptions of parents regarding the ethico-legal and social implications of the proposed campaign. Despite some concerns, parents were generally in favour of the HCT campaign. …

  6. Rapport VIH 2012

    Le Tchad a mis en œuvre un nouveau cadre stratégique national de riposte au sida pour la période 2012-2015. Le gouvernement tchadien, avec l’appui des partenaires au développement consentit de gros efforts pour consolider les acquis de l’ancien cadre stratégique d’une part, et d’autre part, pour obtenir de nouveaux fondamentaux à la riposte au sida. Les activités du Cadre Stratégique National de 2012-1015 (bien qu’à son début) s’inscrivent dans la continuité de celui de 2007-2011 en matière de la riposte nationale au VIH et au sida. …

  7. Operacionalização do PEN III. Plano operacional de comunicação em HIV e SIDA / 2012

    O Plano Operacional de Comunicação em HIV/SIDA é relativo aos anos 2011 e 2012. Este plano e as matrizes em anexo permitem uma melhor coordenação entre os intervenientes na Resposta ao HIV/SIDA, é um instrumento para criar interligações entre os actores chave, identificar esforços e lacunas, parceiros locais, nacionais e internacionais, tendo em vista uma comunicação eficaz e com impacto. O plano foi elaborado à luz dos documentos estratégicos da Resposta Nacional ao HIV e SIDA.

  8. The effect of educational attainment and other factors on HIV risk in South African women: results from antenatal surveillance, 2000-2005

    Objectives: To assess the effect of educational attainment and other factors on the risk of HIV in pregnant South African women. Design: Repeated cross-sectional surveys. Methods: Pregnant women attending public antenatal clinics were tested for HIV annually between 2000 and 2005, and provided demographic information. Logistic regression models were applied separately to the data collected in each year, to identify factors associated with HIV infection. Data from all years were combined in a logistic regression model that tested for trends in HIV prevalence. …

  9. HIV prevalence among high school learners - opportunities for schools-based HIV testing programmes and sexual reproductive health services

    Young girls in sub Saharan Africa are reported to have higher rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection compared to boys in the same age group. Knowledge of HIV status amongst high schools learners provides an important gateway to prevention and treatment services. This study aimed at determining the HIV prevalence and explored the feasibility of HIV testing among high school learners. Between September 2010 and February 2011, a linked, anonymous cross-sectional survey was conducted in two public sector high schools in the rural KwaZulu-Natal midlands. …

  10. Imagined Futures V: 2020 Vision

    The Centre for the Study of AIDS (CSA), University of Pretoria, in collaboration with the Health and Wellness Centre and the University of Botswana, hosted the fifth Imagined Futures conference on 28 and 29 September 2010 at Willowpark Conference Centre in Gauteng, South Africa.This year’s theme was 20/20 Vision: looking to the next decade through the last. The conference looked back on a decade of HIV/AIDS programmes implemented at various universities in southern Africa, in the hopes of identifying challenges and priorities for the next decade. …

  11. A public sector workforce HIV prevalence survey: a researcher's toolkit

    Over time, it has become apparent that the HIV/AIDS epidemic is adversely affecting the South African population. Public servants are responsible for providing services to all sectors of society. In the same way that educators are critical to the schooling of South Africa's youth, health workers are critical to the implementation of a successful public health response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa, and yet public servants may be as susceptible to this epidemic as the general population. …

  12. Uganda HIV prevention response and modes of transmission analysis

    The authors used the standard Modes of Transmission methodology as described in the UNAIDS/GAMET guidelines. They consulted recent reviews of the epidemiology of HIV in Uganda and reviewed recent available data, applied the UNAIDS incidence model to predict the distribution of new infections, used the MoT prevention review tool to describe the current prevention policies and programs and reviewed the current allocation of resources for HIV prevention. …

  13. Cadre stratégique national de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA et les IST 2009-2013

    Le Cadre Stratégique National de Lutte contre le VIH/SIDA 2009-2013 (CSN 2009-2013) constitue le document d'orientation de la réponse du Congo à l'épidémie du VIH/SIDA pendant les cinq prochaines années. Le CSN 2009-2013 s'inscrit dans la perspective de consolidation, capitalisation des acquis de la réponse nationale au VIH/SIDA, et de l'élargissement de la réponse en vue de l'accès universel aux services de prévention, de soins et de traitement et d'appui, en cohérence avec la stratégie nationale de réduction de la pauvreté. …

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