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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV in the United Kingdom: 2013 Report

    This report presents key findings and statistics on the number of people living with HIV, new HIV diagnosis, recent infection and incidence, testing, HIV and STI co-infections, HIV and TB co-infections, quality of HIV care, and HIV and health inequality.

  2. Never tested for HIV in Latin-American migrants and Spaniards: prevalence and percieved barriers

    Increasing the uptake of HIV testing and decreasing the number of undiagnosed people is a priority for HIV prevention. Understanding the barriers that hinder people from testing is vital, particularly when working with especially vulnerable populations like migrants. Barriers to HIV testing in Latin-American migrants living in Europe remain unexplored. Still, they account for a quarter of new diagnosis in Spain and suffer higher rates of delayed diagnosis. Between May 2008 and March 2011, a mobile unit offered free rapid HIV tests in different Spanish cities. …

  3. Previous reproductive history and post-natal family planning among HIV-infected women in Ukraine

    This document describes post-natal family planning practices among HIV-positive childbearing women in Ukraine.

  4. The HIV/AIDS Pandemic in Comparative Perspective: The Cases of India and Russia

    After examining the history of HIV/AIDS in Russia and India, the article examines the present prevalence of, and future projections for, HIV/AIDS in both countries. It also discusses the economic, political, and social consequences of the pandemic in either region, while evaluating the effectiveness of the Indian and Russian governmental attempts to stem the health crisis. The article concludes with certain policy recommendations for the target countries' respective governments.

  5. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in eastern Europe: recent patterns and trends and their implications for policy-making

    This document describes recent patterns and trends in the HIV epidemic in eastern Europe. AIDS programme managers and epidemiologists of 23 countries were contacted and requested to provide national HIV surveillance data. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS/World Health Organisation country fact sheets were reviewed and analysed, and this information was supplemented with published HIV prevalence and sexually transmitted disease case reporting information, unpublished travel reports and expert evaluations.

  6. HIV and AIDS in the Caucasus Region: A Socio-Cultural Approach

    This work is the outcome of a year-long project directed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), funded by the Flemish government, and assisted by the National HIV/AIDS Centers in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. …

  7. Multicity HIV seroprevalence in street youth, Ukraine

    The authors conducted the first systematic, community-based, multicity assessment outside of the United States of HIV seroprevalence, risk factors, and linkage to clinical services among 929 street youth. After city-wide mapping, the authors used time-location sampling and randomly selected 74 venues in Odesa, Kyiv and Donetsk, Ukraine. Rapid HIV testing with post-test counseling were offered to all eligible youths ages 15-24 years. Overall, 18.4% were HIV positive and 85% had a previously unknown status. Rates were identical by sex. …

  8. We can empower young people to protect themselves from HIV. Joint Action for Results, UNAIDS Outcome Framework: Business Case 2009-2011

    The Joint Action for Results: UNAIDS Outcome Framework, 2009-2011 represents a new and more focused commitment to the HIV response and serves as a platform to move towards UNAIDS' vision of zero new HIV-infections, zero discrimination, and zero AIDS-related deaths. It commits the UNAIDS Secretariat and Cosponsors to leverage their respective organizational mandates and resources to work collectively to deliver results.The Outcome Framework focuses on ten priority areas, each of which represents a pivotal component of the AIDS response. …

  9. ICMH Report: Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practices Survey

    The survey grew out of a concern about the impact of rapid social change on life and health in Albania and in particular its possible consequences for HIV/AIDS. The survey used the Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practices (KABP) approach developed by Dr Manuel Carballo and colleagues in the WHO Global Programme on AIDS in 1988. Since that time KABP surveys have gone on to be used in a variety of forms in many parts of the world, and have been especially applied to health and health-related behavior

  10. The AIDS 2008 impact report: evidence to action

    The purpose of the 'AIDS 2008 Impact Report: Evidence to Action' is to inform the global response to HIV using the evidence, lessons learned, and debates from the XVII International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2008), held in Mexico City from 3-8 August 2008. The 'AIDS 2008 Impact Report' is intended to be used by all stakeholders to support implementation of evidence-based policy and programming that will bring us closer to the goal of universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. It is divided into five major sections: 1. …

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