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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Toolkit for targeted HIV/AIDS prevention and care in sex work settings

    This toolkit was published in 2005 by the WHO. This toolkit is intended for use by anyone involved in HIV prevention initiatives in sex work settings. The purpose of this toolkit is to make both published and unpublished information more accessible to a wider audience, and so to contribute to global efforts to develop and scale up effective HIV interventions in sex work settings. Most of the items in this toolkit focus on HIV prevention in such settings. Less information is available on treatment, care and support for sex workers living with HIV. …

  2. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  3. Involving young people in efforts to combat HIV and AIDS in Africa: the importance of income-generating strategies

    Poverty and limited access to health care, education, and paid employement create situations that make young people most vulnerable to HIV infection. This paper examines the importance of developing strategies to involve young people in income-generating activities to fight HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. These strategies support young people in gaining important skills and earning income to reduce their own poverty. The strategies also help foster a sense of hope and purpose in young people as they contribute to addressing this social problem. …

  4. The health of our educators: A focus on HIV/AIDS in South African public schools

    The evidence presented in this report shows that the health of our educators is a source of concern because the prevalence of HIV is high. The determinants are multiple: behavioural, knowledge deficit, lack of self-efficacy skills, migratory practices, gender, and alcohol misuse. Chronic conditions such as hypertension, stomach ulcers, arthritis and diabetes are common. The report also shows that our country is likely to lose a very high proportion of educators due to job dissatisfaction, job stress and low morale. …

  5. The HIV and AIDS epidemic in Zimbabwe: Where are we now? Where are we going? Background, projections, impacts, strategic response

    This document provides background to the epidemic, gives consideration to the social and economic impacts of the epidemic, looks at the national strategic response and makes projections about the epidemic under certain assumptions. It will be accompanied by a series of policy briefs that look at different programmatic interventions.

  6. Telling it How it is? The UNAIDS 2003 Update on the AIDS Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Obtaining an accurate picture of the levels and trends in HIV prevalence is not just some 'pointless academic' exercise. It is critically important in order to establish the actual and likely impacts of the epidemic, particularly in high prevalence countries, and to gauge the effectiveness of government and other prevention programmes.The 2003 AIDS Epidemic Update recently published by UNAIDS is widely regarded as the most authoritative assessment of the current state of the epidemic in Sub-Sahara Africa and elsewhere. …

  7. Nelson Mandela/HSRC Study of HIV/AIDS: South African National HIV Prevalence, Behavioural Risks and Mass Media. Household Survey 2002

    Accurate information on national prevalence, improved understanding of the sociocultural context in which the epidemic occurs, and the relative impact of interventions, are key to mounting an effective response to the epidemic. …

  8. Human capital and the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Working Paper 2

    The present working paper by Desmond Cohen concerns the impact of HIV/AIDS on human capital in sub-Saharan Africa. It provides insights into the impact of the epidemic on sustainable development in the region that is hardest hit by AIDS and already seriously affected by poverty, by focusing on key factors critical to human capital. …

  9. HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: the growing epidemic?

    An analysis of prevalence rates in selected African countries.

  10. HIV prevalence and prevention among teenagers in Africa

    HIV prevalence and prevention among teenagers in Africa

  11. Evaluation des progrès en Ouganda : prévalence du VIH et comportement sexuel : avantage d'une double surveillance

    This case study from Uganda discusses tools that have been used to track trends in HIV and sexual behavior. It also examines links between HIV infection and sexual behavior.

  12. A measure of succes in Uganda : the value of monitoring both HIV prevalence and sexual behavior

    This brochure discusses the tools used to track trends in HIV/AIDS and sexual behaviour in Uganda. It attempts to demonstrate links between the two.

  13. HIV/AIDS control in Kabarole District, Uganda

    Since the early 1980s, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has spread rapidly throughout the African continent. By the end of 2001 an estimated 29 million people were living with HIV in Africa. That same year 3.5 million people became newly infected with the disease and 2.2 million individuals died from AIDS-related causes. At the end of 2001, more than 14 million children worldwide had lost one or both parents to the epidemic. By providing support to a number of projects, GTZ has been assisting African countries in their fight against the epidemic since 1987. …

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