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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV prevention in Southern Africa for young people with a focus on young women and girls in Botswana

    This review focuses on the major factors that drive HIV infection and explores interventions that have demonstrated effectiveness, as well as illustrating important learnings for programme development. Findings inform understanding of sex and sexuality in relation to HIV risk and the potentials for interventions in the Botswana context.

  2. Status report on the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents living in urban slums in Kenya

    Young people face numerous health challenges during their transition to adulthood. These challenges include, among others, limited access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and services. Unmet SRH needs among adolescents may contribute to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and unintended pregnancies. Adolescent pregnancies are associated with several adverse outcomes, such as miscarriage, unsafe abortion, obstructed labor, and other complications, which can result in long-term morbidity and even death. …

  3. Sexual behavior among persons living with HIV in Uganda: Implications for policy and practice

    Introduction: HIV epidemics are sustained and propagated by new cases of infection which result from transmission from infected persons to uninfected susceptible individuals. People living with HIV (PLHIV) play a critical role in prevention if they adopt safer sexual behaviors. This study estimated the prevalence of and factors associated with safer sexual behaviors among PLHIV seeking care from civil society organizations (CSOs). …

  4. Parents' perceptions of HIV counselling and testing in schools: ethical, legal and social implications

    In view of the high prevalence of HIV and AIDS in South Africa, particularly among adolescents, the Departments of Health and Education have proposed a school-based HIV counselling and testing (HCT) campaign to reduce HIV infections and sexual risk behaviour. Through the use of semi-structured interviews, our qualitative study explored perceptions of parents regarding the ethico-legal and social implications of the proposed campaign. Despite some concerns, parents were generally in favour of the HCT campaign. …

  5. Maisha Bora: A peer education manual on reproductive health, STI, HIV and AIDS focussed on strengthening values, reforming attitudes, imparting knowledge and developing life skills

    This manual has various sections aimed at: Providing information about Reproductive Health, STI, HIV and AIDS, in a youth-friendly experiential way; Helping young people explore their values and understand themselves, their sexuality and reproductive health; Enabling peers to acquire skills and reform their attitudes in a way that will influence them to make healthier, safer life choices as well as encourage positive behaviour change; Providing information for youth > 15, sexually active youth and married youth about the correct and consistent use of condoms that are coupled with information a …

  6. The intergenerational impact of the African orphans crisis: a cohort study from an HIV/AIDS affected area

    Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, the prevalence of orphanhood among children has been greatly exacerbated by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. If orphanhood harms a child’s development and these effects perpetuate into adult life, then the African orphan crisis could seriously jeopardize the continent’s future generations. Whether or not there exists an adverse, causal and intergenerational effect of HIV/AIDS on development is of crucial importance for setting medical priorities. …

  7. Rapport VIH 2012

    Le Tchad a mis en œuvre un nouveau cadre stratégique national de riposte au sida pour la période 2012-2015. Le gouvernement tchadien, avec l’appui des partenaires au développement consentit de gros efforts pour consolider les acquis de l’ancien cadre stratégique d’une part, et d’autre part, pour obtenir de nouveaux fondamentaux à la riposte au sida. Les activités du Cadre Stratégique National de 2012-1015 (bien qu’à son début) s’inscrivent dans la continuité de celui de 2007-2011 en matière de la riposte nationale au VIH et au sida. …

  8. Relatório anual de progresso das actividades de combate ao HIV e SIDA – 2013

    Moçambique mantém a sua classificação entre os dez países mais afectados pelo HIV no mundo. A epidemia ameaça o futuro económico e social do país. Em alguns lugares, mais de um quarto dos adultos estão infectados pelo HIV. Estima-se que aproximadamente um milhão e meio de moçambicanos vivem com o HIV. Cerca de 800 mil são mulheres e cerca de 200 mil são crianças. Cerca de 120 mil novas infecções ocorrem anualmente. Estas acontecem principalmente entre casais serodiscordantes, seguidos de trabalhadoras do sexo comercial, assim como dos múltiplos parceiros concomitantes (GARPR, 2014). …

  9. Operacionalização do PEN III. Plano operacional de comunicação em HIV e SIDA / 2012

    O Plano Operacional de Comunicação em HIV/SIDA é relativo aos anos 2011 e 2012. Este plano e as matrizes em anexo permitem uma melhor coordenação entre os intervenientes na Resposta ao HIV/SIDA, é um instrumento para criar interligações entre os actores chave, identificar esforços e lacunas, parceiros locais, nacionais e internacionais, tendo em vista uma comunicação eficaz e com impacto. O plano foi elaborado à luz dos documentos estratégicos da Resposta Nacional ao HIV e SIDA.

  10. Plan de suivi-evaluation de la réponse nationale aux IST et au SIDA 2013 - 2017

    Les objectives général de ce plan son d’assurer la disponibilité des informations stratégiques permettant d’apprécier les résultats du plan stratégique national de réponse aux IST, VIH et sida 2013-2017 en termes d’impacts, effets et produits. …

  11. South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012

    Currently 6.4 million people in South Africa live with HIV, this figure represents a quarter of the burden of HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa and 18 per cent of the global burden. With this view, the South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012 is a crucial report for government, policy makers and other stakeholders as they work towards reducing the HIV epidemic in South Africa. This 2012 HIV survey is the fourth in the series of national population-based surveys. The survey was conducted from December 2011 to November 2012. …

  12. Confronting the impact of HIV and AIDS: the consequences of the pandemics for education supply, demand and quality. A global review from a Southern African perspective

    This article focuses on the relationship between HIV/AIDS and education in countries with different levels of HIV/AIDS prevalence. It concentrates on the sector’s response to school issues, with some attention to teacher training colleges. The survey of experience has concentrated on sub-Saharan Africa, and on Asia and the Pacific, and the lessons that have been learned from high prevalence and low prevalence countries in those regions. The current and anticipated impact of HIV/AIDS on education is analysed in order to clarify probable changes in demand for and supply of education services. …

  13. High HIV sero-prevalence among students of institutions of higher education in Southeast Nigeria

    Objective: To investigate the prevalence and sexual behavioural dynamics of HIV infection in students of institutions of higher education (IHEs) as a guide to the design of a tailor-made HIV intervention programmes. Methods: A total of 9 709 sexually matured students from five IHEs in Southeast Nigeria aged 19–24 years were recruited to obtain representative data from the institutionalised student population. HIV status was confirmed using enzyme based immuno-assay technique. Demographic and behavioural information were obtained through a structured questionnaire. …

  14. Tanzania third national multi-sectoral strategic framework for HIV and AIDS (2013/14 - 2017/18)

    The Third National Multi-Sectoral Strategic Framework for Mainland Tanzania 2013/14-17/18 (NMSF III) provides a common understanding for all HIV and AIDS stakeholders and reflects current normative guidance in the national response effort. Development of the NMSF III has incorporated the evaluations of the previous NMSF II (2008-2012) and recent epidemiological analyses of HIV in Tanzania. …

  15. Politique nationale de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA-IST, la tuberculose et le paludisme en milieu de travail

    La mise en oeuvre de la politique nationale s’appuie sur des axes prioritaires d’intervention, d’un cadre juridique et institutionnel de la lutte contre le VIH/sida-IST, la tuberculose et le paludisme dans le monde du travail. …

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