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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Water, sanitation, and primary school attendance: a multi-level assessment of determinants of household-reported absence in Kenya

    This cross-sectional analysis examined the influence of school and household water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) conditions on recent primary school absence in light of other individual, household, and school characteristics in western Kenya. School latrine cleanliness was the only school WASH factor associated with reduced odds of absence. The marginal effect of household characteristics, such as distance to water source, child involvement in water collection, and presence of a latrine, differed by gender. …

  2. A chance for every schoolchild: partnering to scale up school health and nutrition for human capital; WFP School Feeding Strategy 2020-2030

    In this strategy (2020-2030) WFP lays out its vision of working with governments and partners to jointly ensure that all primary schoolchildren have access to good quality meals in school, accompanied by a broader integrated package of health and nutrition services. The first section of this document reviews evidence that the investment in the health and nutrition of schoolchildren is important and it also highlights that it is a systematically neglected issue, especially in low-income countries. …

  3. School feeding and learning achievement: evidence from India’s Midday Meal Program

    We study the effect of the world’s largest school feeding program on children’s learning outcomes. Staggered implementation across different states of a 2001 Indian Supreme Court Directive mandating the introduction of free school lunches in public primary schools generates plausibly exogenous variation in program exposure across different birth cohorts. We exploit this to estimate the effect of program exposure on math and reading test scores of primary school-aged children. …

  4. Schools for Health in Ireland: co-ordinator’s handbook for developing a health promoting school. Primary

    This co-ordinator’s handbook has been developed to assist schools with the implementation of the framework for developing a health promoting school at primary level.

  5. Schools for Health in Ireland: framework for developing a health promoting school. Primary

    This framework has been developed by an inter-departmental group to support and guide those interested and involved in what can be done to promote health in primary schools. It provides a brief outline of the ideas behind the Health Promoting School (HPS). In addition, it explains how and why the promotion of health and well-being in schools is important. Health promotion in schools can be defined as any activity undertaken to improve and/or protect the health of all school users. It is, therefore, a broader concept than health education. …

  6. School feeding and girls’ enrollment: the effects of alternative implementation modalities in low-income settings in sub-Saharan Africa

    BACKGROUND: School feeding interventions are implemented in nearly every country in the world, with the potential to support the education, health and nutrition of school children. In terms of impact on school participation, there is little evidence to show that different school feeding modalities have different effect sizes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of different school feeding modalities on primary school enrollment, particularly for girls, in 32 countries across sub-Saharan Africa. …

  7. Manual on healthy eating for school-age children for use by teachers, peer educators, health and other extension workers

    This ‘Manual on Healthy Eating for School-Age Children’ has been prepared for basic education schools (kindergarten, primary, and junior high schools) in Ghana to improve the health of school-age children (aged 4 to 15 years). It is intended to be used by teachers, peer educators, health workers and other extension workers. Though nutrition forms part of the school curriculum, children leave school with very little knowledge on healthy eating habits, and on the required amounts and quantities of food needed to have the nutrients for their bodies to grow and develop. …

  8. Promotion of healthy lifestyles in primary schools

    This circular focuses on the importance of physical activity and healthy eating. It is acknowledged that mental and psychological well-being are a key part of healthy lifestyles. Schools support these through their work on anti-bullying and the SPHE curriculum. Schools and the wider education sector have a vital role to play in contributing to the ‘Healthy Ireland’ agenda that is being led by the Department of Health and is supported by the Department of Education and Skills and other Government Departments. …

  9. Sensitive to nutrition? A literature review of school feeding effects in the child development lifecycle

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an up-to-date literature review on school feeding and the potential impact on nutrition, including school age children, pre-school and adolescent girls. The review is aimed at providing evidence-based guidance to national governments on school feeding and nutrition from a lifecycle approach. The review seeks to consolidate the existing evidence, analyse what this evidence translates into in terms of programming, and understand the potential of improving nutrition through school feeding programmes globally. …

  10. Health education syllabus for primary level 2007

    To provide a holistic Health Education syllabus, the revision of the syllabus has taken into consideration the trends and development in health education; that is, placing greater emphasis on the health messages advocated by the Health Promotion Board. These include myopia prevention, smoking prevention and health promotion in schools. Recommendations from the Guidance Branch, Education Programmes Division, in aspects of emotional and psychological health are also taken into consideration. Health Education is offered to all pupils at the primary levels. …

  11. Results of the Department of Education and Skills ‘Lifeskills’ Survey, 2012

    The Department of Education and Skills conducted its second ‘Lifeskills’ survey of primary and post primary schools in 2012. The first Lifeskills Survey was carried out in 2009. The survey provides data on a number of ‘lifeskills’ related issues, including physical activity and healthy eating within schools. The survey also provides information on other important areas such as the implementation of Social, Personal and Health Education (SPHE) and Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE), anti-bullying, substance use, and road safety. …

  12. Situation analysis. A summary of school health in India and in four states: Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu

    This rapid situation analysis examines the national and selected States’ pictures of SHN and was conducted taking the internationally agreed pillars of FRESH into consideration and using mixed methods of literature review, secondary data analysis, and primary qualitative data analysis from key informant interviews with both national and State-level SHN practitioners and policymakers. …

  13. The girl with her period is the one to hang her head. Reflections on menstrual management among schoolgirls in rural Kenya

    Background. The onset of menstruation is a landmark event in the life of a young woman. Yet the complications and challenges that can accompany such an event have been understudied, specifically in resource-poor settings. As interventions aim to improve female attendance in schools, it is important to explore how menstruation is perceived and navigated by girls in the school setting. This research conveys rural Kenyan schoolgirls' perceptions and practices related to menstruation. Methods. Data were collected at six rural schools in the Nyanza Province of Western Kenya. …

  14. Life skills for primary schools in Uganda: A teacher's hand book

    The purpose of this Teachers’ Handbook is to enable teachers to internalize the content of the Curriculum. The handbook also provides a variety of suggested activities teachers can benefit from to facilitate reflection, and to develop life skills within themselves and among learners.

  15. Life skills curriculum for primary school teachers in Uganda

    Life skills have been defined by the World Health Organization as abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. Every education system, thus, has a duty to support the development of life skills among its clients in order to enable them function effectively in society. A study conducted to establish the extent to which teachers in primary schools were able to support learners in the development of Life skills revealed that many of them lacked the necessary competence to do so. …

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