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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gaps analysis of mainstreaming HIV and AIDS in school curricula in Rwanda: final report

    This study was commissioned following a need to conduct in-depth analysis and document the way HIV and AIDS is mainstreamed in the national school curriculum in Rwanda and formulate comprehensive recommendations to the identified gaps. …

  2. If you don't abstain, you will die of AIDS: AIDS education in Kenyan public schools

    We explored constraints of implementing AIDS education in public schools in Kenya. Sixty interviews with teachers and 60 focus group discussions with students were conducted in 21 primary and nine secondary schools. System/school-level constraints included lack of time in the curriculum, limited reach of secondary-school students (because AIDS education is embedded in biology, which is not compulsory), and disapproval of openness about sex and condoms by the Ministry of Education and parents. Alternative strategies to teach about AIDS had their own constraints. …

  3. Changes in HIV prevalence among differently educated groups in Tanzania between 2003 and 2007

    Objective: HIV prevalence trends suggest that the epidemic is stable or declining in many sub-Saharan African countries. However, trends might differ between socioeconomic groups. Educational attainment is a common measure of socioeconomic position in HIV datasets from Africa. Several studies have shown higher HIV prevalence among more educated groups, but this may change over time. We describe changes in HIV prevalence by educational attainment in Tanzania from 2003 to 2007. …

  4. What Tanzanian young people want to know about sexual health; implications for school-based sex and relationships education

    It is very important that sex and relationships education (SRE) programme developers attempt to elicit, understand and incorporate young people's views in the SRE development and implementation processes. This paper reports the findings of a study that sought to identify young people's self-identified learning needs and priorities regarding sexual health that should be included in school-based SRE. Seven hundred and fifteen primary and secondary students aged between eight years and over 20 years old completed a survey between June and September 2007. …

  5. Education and vulnerability: the role of schools in protecting young women and girls from HIV in southern Africa

    Education has a potentially important role to play in tackling the spread of HIV, but is there evidence that this potential is realized? This analysis combines the results of previous literature reviews and updates them with the findings of recent randomized controlled trials and a discussion of possible mechanisms for the effect of schooling on vulnerability to HIV infection. There is a growing body of evidence that keeping girls in school reduces their risk of contracting HIV. …

  6. Appreciative inquiry into lifeskills-based HIV/AIDS education in South African schools

    With a steady rise in the prevalence of HIV and AIDS throughout the world it has become vital for programme implementers at all levels to ensure that all HIV intervention programmes are effectively put into practice. The present research used qualitative and quantitative data to evaluate the lifeskills-based HIV/AIDS education programme being implemented in primary and secondary schools in South Africa, with special reference to KwaZulu-Natal. …

  7. A Study of the Education Sector's Response to HIV and AIDS in Ghana

    The Study of the Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS in Ghana provides a case study of how the challenges of the HIV and AIDS epidemic are being met by the Government of Ghana, through the Education Strategic Plan, which seeks to promote and apply multiple interventions in the formal education system in response to the epidemic and it's impact. The study shows best practices in gathering information and assessing it in order to "know your epidemic". …

  8. The Sound of silence: difficulties in communicating on HIV/AIDS in schools

    This booklet reports the results of a survey conducted in India and Kenya that focused on HIV/AIDS education. The study areas were chosen because they have state sponsored HIV/AIDS curriculum. Over 3,000 parents, teachers and students were surveyed for the report, making this work of interest to teachers, policy makers, parents and community leaders. The report contains seven sections. The beginning consists of an introduction with rationale for the survey, methodology and an executive summary. …

  9. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on primary and secondary teachers and university staff in Malawi

    Malawi has one of the highest HIV adult prevalence rates in sub-Saharan Africa. However, even at this advanced stage of the AIDS epidemic, remarkably little robust evidence is available on mortality levels and trends among the population as a whole as well as specific occupational groups. Teachers, in particular have been frequently singled out as being a 'high-risk group'. …

  10. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Primary and Secondary Education in Botswana: Developing a Comprehensive Strategic Response

    This report presents the findings of an impact assessment of HIV/AIDS on primary and secondary schooling in Botswana. It was done as part of a three country study comprising Malawi and Uganda. …

  11. L'impact du VIH et du SIDA sur le système éducatif au Burkina Faso

    Cet ouvrage recense les effets de la pandémie sur l'offre et la demande dans l'enseignement primaire et secondaire au Burkina Faso, ainsi que les réponses apportées pour limiter ces effets. Il en ressort avant tout une très forte stigmatisation dans le milieu scolaire. Celle-ci entraine notamment une faible participation des enseignants vivants avec le VIH dans les efforts de prévention, une formation insuffisante des enseignants, ainsi qu'un manque de prise en charge des orphelins et un accès limité aux soins pour les personnes séro positives.

  12. Education and the epidemic: The effects of HIV/AIDS on basic education in Namibia

    This report considers the effects HIV/AIDS will have on the national education system in Namibia. It considers the factors that have aided and continue to aid the spread of the disease throughout Africa and throughout Namibia. It explores the effects AIDS will have on children and on student enrollment in the Namibian education system. It also considers the effects AIDS will have on the supply and demand for teachers. …

  13. Assessment of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Mozambique

    The main aim of the study was to provide the Ministry of Education and the Government of Mozambique with information, for strategic planning and advocacy purposes.The objectives of the study were:- Determine the impact of the epidemic on the education sector at the national level- Determine the medium- and longer-term effects on the education system's ability to meet its stated strategic objectives over the next ten years- Strengthen the capacity of the Ministry's directorates to implement and manage similar assessments- Increase awareness within the Ministry about the nature and extent of HIV …

  14. Access and Equity. Extending access to post-primary learning opportunities: a critical analysis

    The education sector in Mozambique is looking to expand post-primary teaching and learning. …

  15. The Encounter Between HIV/AIDS and Education

    This document looks at how HIV/AIDS is conceptualized as having the potential to affect education through ten different mechanisms i.e. …

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