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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The girl with her period is the one to hang her head. Reflections on menstrual management among schoolgirls in rural Kenya

    Background. The onset of menstruation is a landmark event in the life of a young woman. Yet the complications and challenges that can accompany such an event have been understudied, specifically in resource-poor settings. As interventions aim to improve female attendance in schools, it is important to explore how menstruation is perceived and navigated by girls in the school setting. This research conveys rural Kenyan schoolgirls' perceptions and practices related to menstruation. Methods. Data were collected at six rural schools in the Nyanza Province of Western Kenya. …

  2. If you don't abstain, you will die of AIDS: AIDS education in Kenyan public schools

    We explored constraints of implementing AIDS education in public schools in Kenya. Sixty interviews with teachers and 60 focus group discussions with students were conducted in 21 primary and nine secondary schools. System/school-level constraints included lack of time in the curriculum, limited reach of secondary-school students (because AIDS education is embedded in biology, which is not compulsory), and disapproval of openness about sex and condoms by the Ministry of Education and parents. Alternative strategies to teach about AIDS had their own constraints. …

  3. Are there any disparities between girls and boys in the response of the education sector to HIV and AIDS? Assessment of educational HIV/AIDS prevention programmes applied by SACMEQ III countries

    This paper aims to assess whether the goals of the in-school programmes on prevention of HIV and AIDS that are taught in primary schools of 15 national ministries of education in Southern and Eastern Africa have been reached equitably between boys and girls by the end of primary education. One feature of most of these ministries is that they are in countries that are the hardest hit by a general HIV epidemic. More specifically, the paper aims to analyse schoolboys’ and schoolgirls’ general knowledge about HIV and AIDS. …

  4. Pupil and teacher knowledge about HIV and AIDS in Kenya

    The Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ) is a network of 15 Ministries of Education: Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania (Mainland), Tanzania (Zanzibar), Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  5. The impact of HIV/AIDS on primary education in Kenya

    The objectives of the study were: 1) To assess the impact of HIV/AIDS on demand and supply of education in primary schools in Kenya; 2) To assess the anticipated trends of the impact of HIV/AIDS on primary schools in Kenya for the next 10 to 15 years; and 3) To review the role of education in mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS in the educational sector.

  6. Orphans and schooling in Africa: a longitudinal analysis

    AIDS deaths could have a major impact on economic development by affecting the human capital accumulation of the next generation. We estimate the impact of parent death on primary school participation using an unusual five-year panel data set of over 20,000 Kenyan children. There is a substantial decrease in school participation following a parent death and a smaller drop before the death (presumably due to pre-death morbidity). Estimated impacts are smaller in specifications without individual fixed effects, suggesting that estimates based on cross-sectional data are biased toward zero. …

  7. Exploring the preparation of teachers to teach about HIV/AIDS in Kenya

    This paper reports preliminary findings on how a primary teacher-training college in Kenya is preparing teacher trainees to teach about HIV/AIDS. Included are features of the Kenya education system. The aim of the study was to understand the preparation of teachers to teach about HIV/AIDS by exploring both teacher-trainers' and trainees' preparedness. The study was conducted by carrying out document review, observation and semi-structured interviews with the college administration, two teacher trainers, as well as a group interview with four trainees. …

  8. Growing up and sexual maturation among the Luo of Kenya: removing barriers to quality education

    This document was written to follow up the exploratory studies undertaken by the Quality Education for Social Transformation (QUEST) programme in Kenya, Uganda and Zimbabwe. To develop instructional materials on the process of growing up and sexual maturation for use in teacher education institutions and primary schools, the Maseno University research team conducted a study to establish the traditional ways of growing up and sexual maturation (GUSM) among four generations of the Luo (one of the main ethnic communities in Kenya). …

  9. The contemporary management of growing up and sexual maturation: the role of the primary school in Kenya

    The purpose of this document is to portray an accurate picture of the challenges faced by pre-pubescent young people in Kenya as they enter into adulthood and to reveal the misconceptions and myths about growing up, as well as the negative impact of these myths on the educational needs of marginalized children. This book arises from the work carried out by the Quality Education for Social Transformation (QUEST) programme on basic competencies and information on growing up and sexual maturation (GUSM) in Kenya, Uganda and Zimbabwe in 2000. …

  10. Quasi-experimental evaluation of a national primary school HIV intervention in Kenya

    This study examined the impact of a primary-school HIV education initiative on the knowledge, self-efficacy and sexual and condom use activities of upper primary-school pupils in Kenya. …

  11. The Sound of silence: difficulties in communicating on HIV/AIDS in schools

    This booklet reports the results of a survey conducted in India and Kenya that focused on HIV/AIDS education. The study areas were chosen because they have state sponsored HIV/AIDS curriculum. Over 3,000 parents, teachers and students were surveyed for the report, making this work of interest to teachers, policy makers, parents and community leaders. The report contains seven sections. The beginning consists of an introduction with rationale for the survey, methodology and an executive summary. …

  12. Working-age adult mortality and primary school attendance in rural Kenya

    The rapid increase in adult mortality due to the AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa raises great concern about potential intergenerational effects on children. This article estimates the impact of AIDS-related adult mortality on primary school attendance in rural Kenya using a panel of 1,266 households surveyed in 1997, 2000, and 2002. The paper distinguishes between effects on boys' and girls' education to understand potential gender differences resulting from adult mortality. We also estimate how adult mortality affects child schooling before as well as after the death occurs. …

  13. Understanding the Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education Systems in Selected Eastern and Southern African Countries

    The purpose of this research was to improve our understanding about the current impact of HIV/AIDS on primary education in four Eastern and Southern African countries, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda through collecting empirical data. At both the national and local levels, we examined the impact on the teaching force in different districts; the socio-economic situation of orphans in each country; and, assessed the potential for routine monitoring using different sources. …

  14. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on primary education: A Case study on selected districts of Kenya

    This study compares, describes, and analyzes the impact of HIV/Aids on primary education in Kenya in terms of enrolment, participation, completion and drop-out rates of pupils in selected urban and rural case study schools in two districts, Homa Bay and Murang'a. Utilising special techniques from focus group discussion (FGD) and interviews, the study explores the impact of HIV/AIDS on the two disctricts paying special attention to gender perspectives, AIDS orphans and the stigma related to HIV/AIDS. …

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