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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Exploring the opinions of parents and teachers about young people receiving puberty and sex education in rural Kenya: a qualitative study

    In Kenya, one of the most significant public health concerns is the spread of HIV. Additionally, 13,000 girls drop out of school every year due to pregnancy. Although the Kenyan Ministry of Education and other independent organisations have tried to implement various means of developing puberty and sexual health education for young people, the situation is not improving. Aims: To explore the opinions of teachers and parents in rural Kenya about delivering puberty and sex education and to identify their perceptions of barriers to young people accessing this education. …

  2. Non-formal education and livelihood skills for marginalised street and slum youth in Uganda

    The Building Capacities for Non formal Education and Life Skills Programmes project in Uganda was implemented by Uganda Youth Development Link (UYDEL) with financial and technical support from UNESCO - Section for Literacy and non Formal Education in 2004-05; aiming at assisting vulnerable and marginalised youth affected by HIV/AIDS and other risk behaviour, those that may be homeless or living in hopeless situation both in urban centres and rural areas. …

  3. Parent-child communication about sexual and reproductive health in rural Tanzania: Implications for young people's sexual health interventions

    Background: Many programmes on young people and HIV/AIDS prevention have focused on the in-school and channeled sexual and reproductive health messages through schools with limited activities for the young people's families. The assumption has been that parents in African families do not talk about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) with their children. These approach has had limited success because of failure to factor in the young person's family context, and the influence of parents. …

  4. HIV prevention for rural youth in Nigeria: Background overview

    The negative impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic has been a major challenge to sub-Saharan Africa. Although the rate of new HIV infections in sub-continent has decreased, the total number of people living with HIV continues to rise. Most of the people infected with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa are within the age bracket of 15 to 35 years. It has been estimated that about 80% of the infected group are aged 20-29 years. …

  5. Bridging theory and practice in HIV prevention for rural youth, Nigeria

    Thirty years into combating the spread of HIV through behaviour change interventions experience has grown in the application of multiple approaches from one-for-one counseling and small group workshops, information sessions, and activities to large-scale rallies and mass media campaigns with reducing the spread of HIV. These approaches have been variously guided by best field practice and theoretical frameworks developed to understand health-related behaviours and behaviour change. …

  6. Young people and sexual agency in rural Uganda

    Drawing on definitions of agency from within the international development literature, the author focuses on decision-making processes leading to young people's involvement in relationships; actions undertaken to maintain secret relationships in contexts where young people's sexual agency is generally prohibited; transactional and gendered negotiations between young people involved within a relationship; and a range of outcomes arising from young people's sexual activity. …

  7. Out-of-school and at risk? Socio-demographic characteristics, AIDS knowledge and risk perception among young people in Northern Tanzania

    This paper investigates the reasons why young people in urban and rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania do not attend school, their socio-demographic characteristics, AIDS knowledge and risk perception. A structured face-to-face interview was conducted with 1007 young people between the ages of 13 and 18. Findings suggest that non-attendance is the product of a complex interaction of economic, individual, family and school-related factors. Boys have more AIDS knowledge than girls, and those from urban areas are more knowledgeable than their rural counterparts. …

  8. Key findings from the Botswana HIV information needs assessment

    This programme, which is part of the Southern Africa HIV Knowledge Management Initiative, aims to increase the dissemination and use of accurate, evidence-based, and up-to-date information in order to improve HIV prevention in the region. The objectives of the 2009 Botswana needs assessment were to : explore current HIV knowledge management systems and resources at the national and regional levels; Identify areas for improvement; Contribute to an analysis of future opportunities and directions for the regional knowledge management initiative; HIV prevention was a special focus.

  9. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Malawi: a synthesis of research evidence

    The primary goal of this report is to summarize what is known about adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Malawi and to identify knowledge and program gaps requiring further research and program action. …

  10. Young people's understanding of HIV: a qualitative study among school students in Mankweng, South Africa

    This article describes young people's interpretation of HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted illness in a rural South African community in Mankweng, Limpopo Province. Method: The study was based on 19 focus group discussions with adolescents aged 12-14 years. Results: Our participants had limited knowledge about HIV from a biomedical perspective. Their understanding and interpretations of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases were largely informed by traditional and religious belief systems that explain how and why people contract an illness via sexual intercourse. …

  11. Who, what, where, when, and why: demographic and ecological factors contributing to hostile school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth

    This study examines how locational (region and local), community-level (school district poverty and adult educational attainment), and school district-level (district size and ratios of students to key school personnel) variables are related to indicators of hostile school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth. Indicators of hostile climate included frequency of homophobic remarks and victimization regarding sexual orientation and gender expression. …

  12. Cambios y permanencias en la sexualidad de jóvenes rurales

    Con una aproximación etnográfica, este estudio buscó indagar las transformaciones en las prácticas y representaciones de la sexualidad en el cortejo que están ocurriendo entre las y los jóvenes de una comunidad agrícola dedicada a la producción de la caña de azúcar. …

  13. Jóvenes rurales: género y generación en un mundo cambiante

    Estudio realizado en la localidad de Iguanillas, en el sur del estado de Puebla. Indaga en los distintos elementos que marcan la especificidad de los hombres jóvenes rurales en tránsito del mundo infantil al mundo adulto. Así, se analiza la influencia de la escuela, el trabajo, la migración, la sexualidad, el matrimonio y la paternidad. Hay elementos, como la escuela o el matrimonio, que pueden ser semejantes para mujeres y hombres y sirven, desde la perspectiva de la generación para marcar la etapa juvenil o su terminación (el matrimonio). …

  14. Protocols for community based youth friendly health services for rural youth in the context of HIV and AIDS

    This Protocol is a part of Oxfam's efforts to promote the provision of community based sexual, reproductive health and HIV services for young people in the rural and tribal areas. The protocol can be used by the various community based health service providers in the rural areas for providing information services, counselling and testing, treatment for RTIs/STIs and other infections and home based care for people living with HIV. …

  15. Relatoría de reunión sobre estrategias multisectoriales innovadoras para satisfacer las necesidades de las jóvenes indígenas y otras/os adolescentes vulnerables

    Resúmenes de las intervenciones efectuadas en la Reunión sobre estrategias multisectoriales innovadoras para satisfacer las necesidades de las jóvenes indígenas y otras/os adolescentes vulnerables, realizada en Antigua, Guatemala, en diciembre de 2005. Experiencias de programas de apoyo a jóvenes y adolescentes indígenas y/o de zonas rurales (principalmente mujeres) de México, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Panamá, Ecuador, Bolivia y Perú.

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