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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Non-formal education and livelihood skills for marginalised street and slum youth in Uganda

    The Building Capacities for Non formal Education and Life Skills Programmes project in Uganda was implemented by Uganda Youth Development Link (UYDEL) with financial and technical support from UNESCO - Section for Literacy and non Formal Education in 2004-05; aiming at assisting vulnerable and marginalised youth affected by HIV/AIDS and other risk behaviour, those that may be homeless or living in hopeless situation both in urban centres and rural areas. …

  2. Parent-child communication about sexual and reproductive health in rural Tanzania: Implications for young people's sexual health interventions

    Background: Many programmes on young people and HIV/AIDS prevention have focused on the in-school and channeled sexual and reproductive health messages through schools with limited activities for the young people's families. The assumption has been that parents in African families do not talk about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) with their children. These approach has had limited success because of failure to factor in the young person's family context, and the influence of parents. …

  3. HIV prevention for rural youth in Nigeria: Background overview

    The negative impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic has been a major challenge to sub-Saharan Africa. Although the rate of new HIV infections in sub-continent has decreased, the total number of people living with HIV continues to rise. Most of the people infected with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa are within the age bracket of 15 to 35 years. It has been estimated that about 80% of the infected group are aged 20-29 years. …

  4. Bridging theory and practice in HIV prevention for rural youth, Nigeria

    Thirty years into combating the spread of HIV through behaviour change interventions experience has grown in the application of multiple approaches from one-for-one counseling and small group workshops, information sessions, and activities to large-scale rallies and mass media campaigns with reducing the spread of HIV. These approaches have been variously guided by best field practice and theoretical frameworks developed to understand health-related behaviours and behaviour change. …

  5. Who, what, where, when, and why: demographic and ecological factors contributing to hostile school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth

    This study examines how locational (region and local), community-level (school district poverty and adult educational attainment), and school district-level (district size and ratios of students to key school personnel) variables are related to indicators of hostile school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth. Indicators of hostile climate included frequency of homophobic remarks and victimization regarding sexual orientation and gender expression. …

  6. Cambios y permanencias en la sexualidad de jóvenes rurales

    Con una aproximación etnográfica, este estudio buscó indagar las transformaciones en las prácticas y representaciones de la sexualidad en el cortejo que están ocurriendo entre las y los jóvenes de una comunidad agrícola dedicada a la producción de la caña de azúcar. …

  7. Jóvenes rurales: género y generación en un mundo cambiante

    Estudio realizado en la localidad de Iguanillas, en el sur del estado de Puebla. Indaga en los distintos elementos que marcan la especificidad de los hombres jóvenes rurales en tránsito del mundo infantil al mundo adulto. Así, se analiza la influencia de la escuela, el trabajo, la migración, la sexualidad, el matrimonio y la paternidad. Hay elementos, como la escuela o el matrimonio, que pueden ser semejantes para mujeres y hombres y sirven, desde la perspectiva de la generación para marcar la etapa juvenil o su terminación (el matrimonio). …

  8. Protocols for community based youth friendly health services for rural youth in the context of HIV and AIDS

    This Protocol is a part of Oxfam's efforts to promote the provision of community based sexual, reproductive health and HIV services for young people in the rural and tribal areas. The protocol can be used by the various community based health service providers in the rural areas for providing information services, counselling and testing, treatment for RTIs/STIs and other infections and home based care for people living with HIV. …

  9. Relatoría de reunión sobre estrategias multisectoriales innovadoras para satisfacer las necesidades de las jóvenes indígenas y otras/os adolescentes vulnerables

    Resúmenes de las intervenciones efectuadas en la Reunión sobre estrategias multisectoriales innovadoras para satisfacer las necesidades de las jóvenes indígenas y otras/os adolescentes vulnerables, realizada en Antigua, Guatemala, en diciembre de 2005. Experiencias de programas de apoyo a jóvenes y adolescentes indígenas y/o de zonas rurales (principalmente mujeres) de México, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Panamá, Ecuador, Bolivia y Perú.

  10. Sexualité des adolescents : tendances récentes en milieu rural sénégalais

    This study presents the trend with regard to age at first intercourse of men and women in rural Senegal. The start of the sexual life of men proved to be early for the young generations. The start of sexual life of women, on the contrary, appeared to be somewhat later, in one of the sites. These results confirm that of another study carried out in another rural zone in Senegal. The underlying factors seem to be the early puberty of boys, the contact with the urban culture through education, migration and the changes of norms with regard to sexuality. The rise of the age of marriage of men, combined with an earlier start of sexual life, leads to a longer period wherein the risk of non desired pregnancies exists. It is thus important to implicate boys in the prevention actions with regard to sexual and reproductive health.

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