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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The Socio-Economic Determinants of HIV/AIDS Infection Rates in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe

    Using data from the Demographic and Health Survey, this article analyses the relationship between HIV status and the socio‐economic and demographic characteristics of adults in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. It constructs the risk profile of the average adult, computes the values of age, education and wealth where the estimated probability of infection assumes its highest value, and determines the percentage of adults for whom these three factors are positively correlated with that probability. …

  2. Masculinities and condom use patterns among young rural South Africa men: a cross-sectional baseline survey

    Notions of ideal manhood in South Africa are potentially prescriptive of male sexuality thus accounting for the behaviors which may lead to men being at greater HIV risk. We tested the hypothesis that gender and relationship constructs are associated with condom use among young men living in rural South Africa. 1219 men aged 15–26 years completed a cross-sectional baseline survey from an IsiXhosa questionnaire asking about sexual behaviour and relationships. …

  3. HIV/AIDS in Nigeria: overview of the epidemic

    This document provides key indicators on HIV and AIDS in Nigeria.

  4. HIV/AIDS awareness and behaviour

    The publication highlights findings from a series of a national demographic and health surveys that are directly relevant to AIDS epidemic. It provides a picture of HIV-and-AIDS related awareness and behaviour across countries and population groups, age and gender. Information about risk-related behaviours, their determinants and the context within which they occur has direct relevance targeting of AIDS prevention efforts.

  5. Using folk media in HIV/AIDS prevention in rural Ghana

    Using folk media in HIV/AIDS prevention in rural Ghana

  6. People's development: a community governance tool

    From the Foreword. Community governance through developing local people’s potentials and rediscovering indigenous wisdom, knowledge base and other resources provide a solid platform for building a community’s HIV resilience. This approach, based on traditional South-East Asian culture, also equips the rural communities to be competitive in the global economy. As part of the UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Project’s effort to document good practice, this is one of the series on community models.

  7. Timing of first intercourse among Malian adolescents: implications for contraceptive use

    In Mali, young women's psychological characteristics are strongly associated with their sexual experience (including the timing of their first sexual encounter) and ultimately with their ability to protect themselves from sexual health risks.

  8. Cambodia demographic and health survey 2000 : preliminary report

    Cambodia demographic and health survey 2000 : preliminary report

  9. What's cooking. AIDS Review 2005

    AIDS Review 2005 focuses on the impact of HIV and AIDS on agriculture and the politics of food access and production. The review employs an historical perspective in grappling with these issues, and argues that the effects of HIV/AIDS and those of food insecurity are best understood when one takes into account the specifics of the historical development of South Africa's political economy and especially the development of the agricultural sector. …

  10. Communities facing the HIV/AIDS challenge: From crisis to opportunity, from community vulnerability to community resilience

    Rural households are managing as best they can in a rapidly changing and often threatening world which makes them vulnerable to the risk of HIV infection and ill-equipped to cope with the effects of AIDS. Their chances of managing can be improved if they function in a supportive environment. …

  11. A review of household and community responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the rural areas of Sub-Saharan Africa

    The purpose of this study is to review existing literature on household and community HIV/AIDS coping strategies and to make policy recommendations. It is intended to serve as a background paper to stimulate discussion among the UN Theme Groups on HIV/AIDS and major stakeholders on what can be done. The focus is on sub-Saharan Africa. It is a desk review and has some limitations in coverage.

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