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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Plan national de suivi et évaluation du VIH/SIDA 2016-2020

    La riposte nationale au VIH/Sida au Togo a pour vision d’«avoir à moyen terme une population en bonne santé exempte du VIH/SIDA, avec l’émergence d’une génération sans Sida au Togo » et son Plan Stratégique 2016-2020 a pour but de «mettre en œuvre la réponse nationale basée sur des évidences scientifiques et programmatiques afin d’obtenir un meilleur impact des interventions». …

  2. Projet de prévention du VIH/SIDA chez les femmes et les filles dans les zones urbaines et rurales en République du Congo : Rapport d'évaluation finale

    En dépit des efforts du Gouvernement et des organisations de la société civile, notamment des associations féminines, le risque d’infection au VIH en République du Congo reste élevé. L’enquête de séroprévalence nationale réalisée en 2003 a révélé un taux de prévalence de 4,2% au niveau national, avec une tendance à la féminisation de la pandémie (4,7% chez les femmes contre 3,6% chez les hommes). De ce constat est né le « Projet de Prévention du VIH/SIDA chez les femmes et les filles dans les zones urbaines et rurales en République du Congo ». …

  3. The Socio-Economic Determinants of HIV/AIDS Infection Rates in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe

    Using data from the Demographic and Health Survey, this article analyses the relationship between HIV status and the socio‐economic and demographic characteristics of adults in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. It constructs the risk profile of the average adult, computes the values of age, education and wealth where the estimated probability of infection assumes its highest value, and determines the percentage of adults for whom these three factors are positively correlated with that probability. …

  4. Facilitating HIV testing, care and treatment for orphans and vulnerable children aged five years and younger through community-based early childhood development playcenters in rural Zimbabwe

    Early diagnosis of children living with HIV is a prerequisite for accessing timely paediatric HIV care and treatment services and for optimizing treatment outcomes. Testing of HIV-exposed infants at 6 weeks and later is part of the national prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in Zimbabwe, but many opportunities to test infants and children are being missed. …

  5. Masculinities and condom use patterns among young rural South Africa men: a cross-sectional baseline survey

    Notions of ideal manhood in South Africa are potentially prescriptive of male sexuality thus accounting for the behaviors which may lead to men being at greater HIV risk. We tested the hypothesis that gender and relationship constructs are associated with condom use among young men living in rural South Africa. 1219 men aged 15–26 years completed a cross-sectional baseline survey from an IsiXhosa questionnaire asking about sexual behaviour and relationships. …

  6. Key findings on HIV prevention information needs in Lesotho

    Data was collected in late 2009 using qualitative research methods. Eleven key informant interviews were conducted with policy makers, opinion leaders, program managers, and development partners, all working on HIV and AIDS activities at the national level. Each was based in Maseru, though some of their work covered both rural and urban areas. Four focus group discussions (FGDs) were also conducted with a total of 17 participants. …

  7. A novel economic intervention to reduce HIV risks among school-going AIDS orphans in rural Uganda

    This study tested an economic intervention to reduce HIV risks among AIDS-orphaned adolescents. Adolescents (n = 96) were randomly assigned to receive the intervention or usual care for orphans in Uganda. All adolescents in the study received usual care for AIDS orphans in Uganda, which included peer counseling, health education, and scholastic materials. In addition, experimental adolescents received a family economic intervention, which included a Child/Youth Development Account (CDA) and six 2-hour classes on career planning, career goals, microfinance, and financial well-being. …

  8. Key findings from the Botswana HIV information needs assessment

    This programme, which is part of the Southern Africa HIV Knowledge Management Initiative, aims to increase the dissemination and use of accurate, evidence-based, and up-to-date information in order to improve HIV prevention in the region. The objectives of the 2009 Botswana needs assessment were to : explore current HIV knowledge management systems and resources at the national and regional levels; Identify areas for improvement; Contribute to an analysis of future opportunities and directions for the regional knowledge management initiative; HIV prevention was a special focus.

  9. Cash transfers in an epidemic context: the interaction of formal and informal support in rural Malawi

    This paper investigates the short-run consumption expenditure dynamics and the interaction of public and private arrangements of ultra-poor and labor-constrained households in Malawi using an original dataset from the Mchinjii social cash transfer pilot project (one of the first experiments of social protection policies based on unconditional cash transfers in Sub-Saharan Africa). …

  10. HIV/AIDS in Nigeria: overview of the epidemic

    This document provides key indicators on HIV and AIDS in Nigeria.

  11. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey: Baseline evaluation in Aragatsotn, Armavir, and Ararat Marzes

    The Primary Healthcare Reform Project is a five-year program funded by USAID. The project is designed to strengthen the Ministry of Health's capacity to introduce key reforms, which will increase access to high-quality primary health care services. Main activities of the project include renovating and equipping health facilities; training primary health care (PHC) providers; introducing open enrollment, a system whereby patients choose their PHC provider; supporting quality improvement; rationalizing healthcare financing; and providing public health education. …

  12. El VIH y el SIDA en México al 2008. Hallazgos, tendencias y reflexiones

    Este documento entrega una visión completa y general acerca de la situación del VIH/SIDA en México. Reúne y analiza información acerca de la situación al año 2007, combinando diversas fuentes.

  13. La otra epidemia: El SIDA en el área rural

    Este documento reúne siete trabajos de investigación o ejemplos de trabajo con poblaciones indígenas sobre VIH/SIDA realizados en poblaciones de Coahuila, Chihuahua, Guanajuato, Michoacán, Veracruz y Zacatecas, ya que en todos ellos existe una presencia importante de casos de SIDA en zonas rurales. …

  14. HIV/AIDS awareness and behaviour

    The publication highlights findings from a series of a national demographic and health surveys that are directly relevant to AIDS epidemic. It provides a picture of HIV-and-AIDS related awareness and behaviour across countries and population groups, age and gender. Information about risk-related behaviours, their determinants and the context within which they occur has direct relevance targeting of AIDS prevention efforts.

  15. Using folk media in HIV/AIDS prevention in rural Ghana

    Using folk media in HIV/AIDS prevention in rural Ghana

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