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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Revealing the full extent of households’ experiences of HIV and AIDS in rural South Africa

    Households experience HIV and AIDS in a complex and changing set of environments. These include health and welfare treatment and support services, HIV-related stigma and discrimination, and individual and household social and economic circumstances. This paper documents the experiences of 12 households directly affected by HIV and AIDS in rural KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, between 2002 and 2004. The households were observed during repeated visits over a period of more than a year by ethnographically trained researchers. …

  2. HIV-related discrimination among grade six students in nine southern African countries

    Background: HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited. Methods: We used nationally representative data to examine discrimination of HIV-positive children by grade six students (n = 39,664) across nine countries in Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  3. Children’s representations of school support for HIV-affected peers in rural Zimbabwe

    Background: HIV has left many African children caring for sick relatives, orphaned or themselves HIV-positive, often facing immense challenges in the absence of significant support from adults. With reductions in development funding, public sector budgetary constraints, and a growing emphasis on the importance of indigenous resources in the HIV response, international policy allocates schools a key role in ‘substituting for families’ (Ansell, 2008) in supporting child health and well-being. …

  4. School culture and the well-being of same-sex attracted youth

    This study assesses how variations in heteronormative culture in high schools affect the well-being of same-sex-attracted youth. The authors focus on the stigmatization of same-sex attraction (rather than identity or behavior) to better understand how heteronormativity may marginalize a wide range of youth. …

  5. Perceptions of rural school staff regarding sexual minority students

    Sexual minority students often do not feel safe in school, especially in rural communities, and changes are needed within school environments in order to provide a safe and effective learning environment for all students. Prior to implementing school change, an investigation into the perceptions of educators in public schools in three rural New York counties was conducted. Results indicated that respondents, especially teachers, viewed sexual minority students significantly less favorably than other minority groups. …

  6. HIV/AIDS stigma and human rights: a localised investigation of Hammanskraal communities. A report of the Tswelopele Research Project of the Centre for the Study of AIDS

    The link between HIV/AIDS and human rights became apparent early on in the HIV/AIDS epidemic through the increased vulnerability of infection of some groups. HIV/AIDS is a human rights issue because groups that are already vulnerable to human rights violations - such as women, children, sex workers, and those living in poverty - are unable to realise their rights. …

  7. Rural children living in farm systems affected by HIV/AIDS: some issues for the rights of the children on the basis of FAO HIV/AIDS studies in Africa

    The objective of this paper is to analyse the situation of children that are infected or affected by HIV/AIDS and that live in farm-households in Africa. The questions raised are: Are rural children living in "exceptionally difficult conditions" and what are their future prospects? Do they receive the special consideration they need on the basis of available resources? Have they been discriminated against? The paper presents some information extracted from FAO studies which shed light on elements for response.

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