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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The effects of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior: a systematic review

    We conducted a systematic review to assess the impact of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior. We searched PubMed to identify English-language studies evaluating school-based CAPs that reported process (i.e. number of condoms distributed or used) and sexual behavior measures. We identified nine studies that met our inclusion criteria, with the majority conducted in the United States of America. We judged most studies to have medium risk of bias. …

  2. A systematic review of the role of school-based healthcare in adolescent sexual, reproductive, and mental health

    Background: Accessible sexual, reproductive, and mental healthcare services are crucial for adolescent health and wellbeing. It has been reported that school-based healthcare (SBHC) has the potential to improve the availability of services particularly for young people who are normally underserved. Locating health services in schools has the potential to reduce transport costs, increase accessibility and provide links between schools and communities. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. …

  3. Draft Declaration: Partnerships for the health and well-being of our young and future generations and Draft Regional Framework

    The Declaration calls the Member States, civil society and international organizations to act urgently to address health inequalities and improve the social and economic determinants of health. The Declaration explicitly recognized the role of schools and preschools in promoting health and well-being for all children and adolescents. It acknowledged that inclusive and equitable education is a key determinant of their health and well-being. …

  4. Thematic paper 2: Schools and pre-schools promoting health and well-being for all children and adolescents

    This thematic paper on schools and pre-schools promoting health and well-being for all children and adolescents was produced to support and inform discussion at the high-level conference in Paris. …

  5. A systematic review: costing and financing of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) in schools

    Despite the success of recent efforts to increase access to improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) globally, approximately one-third of schools around the world still lack adequate WASH services. A lack of WASH in schools can lead to the spread of preventable disease and increase school absences, especially among women. Inadequate financing and budgeting has been named as a key barrier for integrating successful and sustainable WASH programs into school settings. …

  6. Advancing WASH in schools monitoring: working paper

    The working paper presents data on the coverage of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in primary schools gathered from 149 countries for the period 2008-2013. It also compares current national WASH in Schools (WinS) monitoring indicators against global guidelines. It aims to promote and support improved monitoring of WinS so that coverage indicators can be included in the forthcoming Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

  7. National guideline for water, sanitation and hygiene for Tanzania schools

    This guideline focuses specifically on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in Primary and Secondary Schools. It sets out the minimum requirements for SWASH that are relevant to various types of schools in different contexts in Tanzania. It is designed for use in different school settings where simple, affordable and replicable options can be promoted to contribute significantly to improving water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in Primary and Secondary Schools. …

  8. Menstrual hygiene in schools in two countries of francophone West Africa: Burkina Faso and Niger. Case studies in 2013

    Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) has been under-researched by the WASH, health and education sectors. Menstruation is a sensitive subject and remains a taboo in many societies. Some cultural beliefs about menstruation reinforce gender inequities and have negative impact on the dignity, health and education of women and girls. There is a need to gather more information on MHM to improve WASH in schools programming and create more equal, safe and healthy school environments. …

  9. National support pack [Care and Support for Teaching and Learning Programme]

    The overall goal of the Care and Support for Teaching and Learning (CSTL) Programme is to realise the education rights of vulnerable children in the SADC region through schools becoming inclusive centres of learning, care and support. The National Support Pack has been developed to guide the Department of Basic Education to mainstream the CSTL Programme throughout all South African schools. It brings together information, best-practice examples, tools and case studies of effective care and support practice in schools. …

  10. Best practices for youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services in schools

    This document provides recommendations for school nurses and health center staff on nine essential components of youth-friendly services – confidentiality, respectful treatment, integrated services, culturally appropriate care, easy access to care, free or low cost services, reproductive and sexual health care, services for young men, and promoting parent-child communication.

  11. The World Health Organization’s Health Promoting Schools framework: a Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis

    Background: Healthy children achieve better educational outcomes which, in turn, are associated with improved health later in life. The World Health Organization’s Health Promoting Schools (HPS) framework is a holistic approach to promoting health and educational attainment in school. The effectiveness of this approach has not yet been rigorously reviewed. Methods: We searched 20 health, education and social science databases, and trials registries and relevant websites in 2011 and 2013. We included cluster randomised controlled trials. …

  12. WASH in schools empowers girls' education in Freetown, Sierra Leone: An assessment of menstrual hygiene management in schools

    From June through July 2012, Emory University and UNICEF collaborated in research aimed to understand the range of challenges faced by girls during menstruation in urban Freetown, as well as the determinants of those challenges. This report presents the methods, findings and key programmatic recommendations to address menstruation-related challenges among girls. More than 100 participants were engaged in eight schools and two communities, including teachers and girls, both in school and out of school.

  13. Monitoring and evaluation of school-based health and nutrition programmes: A participative review

    Over the past two decades, many governments and organizations have renewed efforts to develop more effective school-based health and nutrition programmes in low income countries. In large part, this has resulted from the growing body of evidence linking children’s health and education; and the impact of school health and nutrition (SHN) programmes on improving these outcomes and contributing to Education for All (EFA) and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). …

  14. Strategy for health promoting schools in Kosovo 2009-2018

    The mission of this strategy is to provide a healthy and friendly school environment, secure through health education, promoting of environment protection and strengthening partnership within schools, parents and communities. The strategic objectives are: Supportive environment by teachers, pupils and parents; Suitable and healthy environment for teaching and learning; Sufficient human and material capacities; Continuous and qualitative care for pupil’s health; Low level of violence within schools; The satisfactory level of health and environmental culture of the pupils.

  15. Association between availability and quality of health services in schools and reproductive health outcomes among students: a multilevel observational study

    Objectives. The authors determined the association between availability and quality of school health services and reproductive health outcomes among sexually active students. Methods. The authors used a 2-stage random sampling cluster design to collect nationally representative data from 9107 students from 96 New Zealand high schools. Students self-reported whether they were sexually active, how often they used condoms or contraception, and their involvement in pregnancy. …

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