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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexuality education in Europe and Central Asia: state of the art and recent developments; an overview of 25 countries. Assessment report

    Sexuality education, which ideally should be comprehensive as well as age- and development-appropriate, is a crucial factor in protecting the health and well-being of children and young people as well as supporting them in their sexual and overall development. The present assessment on the state of sexuality education in Europe and Central Asia was commissioned by the German Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA) in close cooperation with the International Planned Parenthood Federation – European Network (IPPF EN). …

  2. The effects of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior: a systematic review

    We conducted a systematic review to assess the impact of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior. We searched PubMed to identify English-language studies evaluating school-based CAPs that reported process (i.e. number of condoms distributed or used) and sexual behavior measures. We identified nine studies that met our inclusion criteria, with the majority conducted in the United States of America. We judged most studies to have medium risk of bias. …

  3. CSE scale-up in practice. Case studies from Eastern and Southern Africa

    The report documents the process of scaling up comprehensive sexuality education and the status of sexuality education in East and Southern Africa.

  4. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health: an evidence gap map

    This report presents the findings of an evidence gap map that assesses the evidence available on the effects of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) programming in low- and middle-income countries. It documents the methods used to create the map and examines evidence clusters and gaps identified in it. While there is considerable amount of impact evaluation evidence, it addresses only some of the priority questions within this broad topic. The greatest prevalence of evidence is on sexual health education and other instruction within and outside of the classroom. …

  5. Early and unintended pregnancy: recommendations for the education sector

    Available evidence supports a clear and compelling role for the education sector in preventing early and unintended pregnancy and ensuring the right to education for pregnant and parenting girls.

  6. National school health policy

    The key objective of this policy is to guide, protect, and promote healthy measures for all school children in Papua New Guinea. The policy will address these key areas: 1. Effective collaboration and partnership between NDoH, DoE, and other stakeholders; 2. Promoting school health education programs, health promoting schools and providing school medical; 3. Proper nutrition for school aged children; 4. Sexual reproductive education for upper primary and secondary schools; 5. Ensuring all schools in Papua New Guinea (PNG) are drug, alcohol and tobacco free; 6. …

  7. Puberty education and menstrual hygiene management

    This power point presentation accompanies the UNESCO publication on Puberty Education and Menstrual Hygiene Management. With the aim of increasing implementation of effective programmes at country level, the power point presentation presents the main points and findings of the publication. These issues underscore the inter-sectoral nature of school health requiring education, linkages to health services and safe water and sanitation. This publication builds on these and highlights UNESCO’s contribution and comparative advantage, the process of teaching and learning.

  8. Canadian guidelines for sexual health education

    One goal of the Guidelines is to guide the efforts of professionals working in the area of sexual health education and promotion. The Guidelines place particular emphasis on assisting curriculum and program planners, educators in and out of school settings, policy-makers, and health care professionals. A second goal of the Guidelines is to offer clear direction to assist local, regional and national groups and government bodies concerned with education and health to develop and improve sexual health education policies, programs and curricula which address the diverse needs of all Canadians. …

  9. Teenage pregnancy in South Africa: With a specific focus on school-going learners

    The purpose of the study was to document, review and critically analyse literature on teenage pregnancy with a focus on school-going adolescents. The specific objectives were as follows: To review existing literature and conduct statistical analyses to establish the prevalence and determinants of teenage pregnancy; To assess the individual, familial and educative impact of teenage pregnancy; To identify and assess the impact of interventions for teenage pregnancy; and To propose a conceptual framework for research and interventions to prevent and mitigate the impact of teen pregnancy. …

  10. Good policy and practice in health education. Booklet 9: Puberty education and menstrual hygiene management

    This booklet is the ninth in a series of publications that address key themes of UNESCO’s work in HIV and health education. It is one of several contributions to school-based health promotion that UNESCO has produced to complement our work in HIV and sexuality education. The booklet lays out the context and rationale for education sector involvement, the characteristics of good quality puberty education and menstrual hygiene management, as well as key issues for programme development, implementation and sustainability. …

  11. Association between availability and quality of health services in schools and reproductive health outcomes among students: a multilevel observational study

    Objectives. The authors determined the association between availability and quality of school health services and reproductive health outcomes among sexually active students. Methods. The authors used a 2-stage random sampling cluster design to collect nationally representative data from 9107 students from 96 New Zealand high schools. Students self-reported whether they were sexually active, how often they used condoms or contraception, and their involvement in pregnancy. …

  12. An integrative review of comprehensive sex education for adolescent girls in Kenya

    Purpose: The purposes of this article are to identify and review comprehensive sex education programs (CSEPs) available to adolescent females in Kenya, East Africa, to discuss barriers to implementing CSEPs in Kenya, and to highlight the role of nurses in improving and institutionalizing available CSEPs in Kenya. Design: Integrative review. Methods: A systematic search of six databases and other Internet sources was conducted to identify CSEPs currently available to adolescent girls in Kenya. Five CSEPs were identified. The CSEPs were evaluated using established criteria. …

  13. Secondary schools and sexual health services. Forging the links

    This booklet aims to encourage secondary schools and sexual health services to improve links between sex and relationships education (SRE) and specialist sexual health advice and support. It is set out in three sections. Part 1 gives background information on why schools should build stronger links with services, puts the subject within a national context, and identifies what young people see as the issues. Part 2 examines the different ways in which links can be forged between schools and sexual health services and illustrates each method with examples of successful schemes. …

  14. School-based programs to reduce sexual risk behaviors: a review of effectiveness

    This review was undertaken in recognition of the mounting public health and social problems associated with adolescent sexual behaviour and the importance of basing school-affiliated programmes designed to reduce sexual risk-taking behaviour on sound research.

  15. Reproductive health programs for young adults: school-based programs

    This paper mainly presents the description of school-based programmes; literature review and programmatic; the process of planning, design, and implementation; the components of a school-based reproductive health programmes; and summary of programmatic recommendations.

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