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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Zimbabwe school health policy

    The Zimbabwe School Health Policy (ZSHP) provides a broad frame of reference to guide the implementation of a number of health related issues relating to the welfare of learners in the school system, such as health and nutrition,education services, water, sanitation and hygiene, needs of learners with disabilities, mental health, sexual and reproductive health concerns, and the care and support provisions as well as guidance and counseling needs of all learners.

  2. A time for global action: addressing girls’ menstrual hygiene management needs in schools

    Summary Points: There is an absence of guidance, facilities, and materials for schoolgirls to manage their menstruation in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Formative evidence has raised awareness that poor menstrual hygiene management (MHM) contributes to inequity, increasing exposure to transactional sex to obtain sanitary items, with some evidence of an effect on school indicators and with repercussions for sexual, reproductive, and general health throughout the life course. …

  3. A systematic review of the role of school-based healthcare in adolescent sexual, reproductive, and mental health

    Background: Accessible sexual, reproductive, and mental healthcare services are crucial for adolescent health and wellbeing. It has been reported that school-based healthcare (SBHC) has the potential to improve the availability of services particularly for young people who are normally underserved. Locating health services in schools has the potential to reduce transport costs, increase accessibility and provide links between schools and communities. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. …

  4. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health: an evidence gap map

    This report presents the findings of an evidence gap map that assesses the evidence available on the effects of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) programming in low- and middle-income countries. It documents the methods used to create the map and examines evidence clusters and gaps identified in it. While there is considerable amount of impact evaluation evidence, it addresses only some of the priority questions within this broad topic. The greatest prevalence of evidence is on sexual health education and other instruction within and outside of the classroom. …

  5. Training of trainers manual on school health

    This manual is made up of 7 modules: Module 1 Comprehensive School Health Programme; Module 2 Nutrition and Healthy Lifestyle; Module 3 Mental Health and Psychosocial Well-being; Module 4 Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights; Module 5 WASH - Water, Sanitation and Hygiene; Module 6 Learners with Diverse Needs; Module 7 Violence Against Children. Every module is further divided into units dealing with s specific topic. The purpose of this structure is to help organise the content in a logical manner and make it easier to access information on a particular topic

  6. School Health Profiles 2014: characteristics of health programs among secondary schools

    In the United States, more than 54 million young people are enrolled in elementary and secondary schools. Because young people attend school about six hours a day approximately 180 days per year, schools are in a unique position to help improve the health status of children and adolescents throughout the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in collaboration with state and local education and health agencies, developed the School Health Profiles (Profiles) to measure school health policies and practices. …

  7. Jamaica 2011-2012 health promotion in schools: health promoting school survey 2011: final report

    This report was prepared as the main document for dissemination of the island-wide findings from the 2011 Health Promoting Schools survey. It is intended to be used by intra and inter ministries / agencies with interest in the topic.

  8. Meeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents in school-based health centers

    School-based health centers (SBHCs) are an important source of medical care for low-income and uninsured adolescents, and are a promising way of addressing unintended pregnancy and STIs. Controversy over teens and sex has had a significant impact on the provision of sexual and reproductive health services, and many SBHCs remain limited in their ability to meet the needs of adolescents by dispensing contraceptives on-site. Many SBHCs have overcome challenges and successfully integrated sexual and reproductive health services with other medical care. They can serve as models for other SBHCs.

  9. School-linked sexual health services for young people (SSHYP): a survey and systematic review concerning current models, effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and research opportunities

    The aims of this study were, first, to identify current forms of school-based sexual health services (SBSHS) and school-linked sexual health services (SLSHS) in the UK; second, to review and synthesise existing evidence from qualitative and quantitative studies concerning the effectiveness, acceptability and cost-effectiveness of these types of service, and third, to identify potential areas for further research. The study had two components. …

  10. Best practices for youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services in schools

    This document provides recommendations for school nurses and health center staff on nine essential components of youth-friendly services – confidentiality, respectful treatment, integrated services, culturally appropriate care, easy access to care, free or low cost services, reproductive and sexual health care, services for young men, and promoting parent-child communication.

  11. Toolkit for transition of care and other services for adolescents living with HIV

    This Toolkit is a guide that assists both health care providers (HCPs) and community care providers (CCPs) to tailor a package of services for adolescents living with HIV. HCPs and CCPs are the primary users of the Toolkit, and they should use the Toolkit and distribute content/tools as appropriate to the adolescent and the family/caregiver. The Toolkit provides: 1. …

  12. WASH in schools empowers girls' education in Freetown, Sierra Leone: An assessment of menstrual hygiene management in schools

    From June through July 2012, Emory University and UNICEF collaborated in research aimed to understand the range of challenges faced by girls during menstruation in urban Freetown, as well as the determinants of those challenges. This report presents the methods, findings and key programmatic recommendations to address menstruation-related challenges among girls. More than 100 participants were engaged in eight schools and two communities, including teachers and girls, both in school and out of school.

  13. WASH in schools empowers girls’ education in Masbate Province and Metro Manila, Philippines: An assessment of menstrual hygiene management in schools

    Emory University, UNICEF Philippines, Plan Philippines and Save the Children Philippines carried out a qualitative assessment of menstruation-related challenges girls face in school. Girls, boys, teachers and mothers at 10 schools in Masbate Province and the National Capital Region were interviewed for their opinions. This report highlights the challenges girls face in school during menses, describes the determinants of these challenges, and outlines the educational and health impacts of these challenges as voiced by the participants. …

  14. WASH in schools empowers girls’ education. Proceedings of the Menstrual Hygiene Management in Schools Virtual Conference 2012

    WASH in Schools (WinS) fosters social inclusion and individual self-respect. By offering an alternative to the stigma and marginalization associated with hygiene issues, it empowers all students – and especially encourages girls and female teachers. In recognition of the positive impact on girls’ school attendance and achievement, initiatives around the world are addressing adolescent girls’ menstrual hygiene management (MHM) needs through WinS programming. …

  15. Puberty education and menstrual hygiene management

    This power point presentation accompanies the UNESCO publication on Puberty Education and Menstrual Hygiene Management. With the aim of increasing implementation of effective programmes at country level, the power point presentation presents the main points and findings of the publication. These issues underscore the inter-sectoral nature of school health requiring education, linkages to health services and safe water and sanitation. This publication builds on these and highlights UNESCO’s contribution and comparative advantage, the process of teaching and learning.

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